The Global Transcriptional Response of Fission Yeast to Hydrogen Sulfide
ABSTRACT: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) as an important gasotransmitter has fundamental roles in human diseases. The cellular effect of H2S has received lots of attention recently. H2S can affect ion channels, transcription factors and kinase in mammals. The mechanism of cellular effect of H2S is not completely understood. We used fission yeast as a model organism to study the global transcriptional profile in response to H2S by microarray. The wild type S. pombe cells were grown in liquid medium to OD600=0.5. Then the cells were treated with or without 50μM of NaHS (Sigma, St Louis, MO, USA) for 30 min at 30℃.Total RNA was extracted from cells using a hot phenol method.The microarray experiments including RNA purification, cDNA probe preparation, hybridization, washing, scanning, image analysis, normalization and data processing were performed by Shanghai Biochip Co., Ltd. as described in the Affymetrix GeneChip_Expression Analysis Technical Manual. Three biological repeats were performed for the microarray experiments.
Project description:miRNAs are related with the initiation and development of prostate cancer. We discover the miR-195 and miR-30 can be as a biomarker of prognosis of prostate cancer in clinical patients. miRNA functions through affecting the mRNA degradation by binding the mRNA 3’UTR. So we test the change of transcriptional profile of miR-195 and miR-30d cell line respectively to further study the function of miR-195 and miR-30d. To study the function of miR-195 and miR-30d in prostate cancer, we setup the over-expression cell line of the miR-195 and miR-30d respectively in prostate cancer cell(LNCap and DU145), then study the change of transcriptional profile in cell line by microarray experiment (Affymetrix PrimeView human gene expression). We order the over-expression plasmid of vector, miR-195 and miR-30d from System Biosciences company (Cat No: Scramble Vector PMIRH000PA-1 as Control, miR-195 PMIRH195PA-1, miR-30d PMIRH30dPA-1), and packaged the virus and construct the stable cell line (LNCaP_Control, LNCaP_mir195, LNCaP_mir30d,DU145_Control, DU145_mir195, DU145_mir30d,). We test the transcriptional profile in cell line by microarray experiment (Affymetrix PrimeView human gene expression).
Project description:HBV mRNAs harboring miR-122 response elements were found to bind and sequester endogenous miR-122. This microarray experiment was carried out to find out differentially expressed genes in Huh7 cells expressing HBV mRNAs. RNA was extracted from Huh7 cells transfected with pcDNA3.1 plasmid containing HBV mRNA with wild type (WT) or mutant (Mut) miR-122 response elements in its 3’-UTR or the empty pcDNA3.1 vector (3.1) as a mock. Total RNA was then extracted and processed on Affymetrix microarrays in biological duplicate.
Project description:Mll2 (ALR) is a histone 3 lysine 4 trimethyltransferase to function as gene activation.In our study, we found that Mll2 is vital for proper control of proliferation and lineage differentiation of mouse ESCs, particularly towards the cardiac-specific lineages. We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression to compare the difference after Mll2 knockdown in E14 cell lines. E14 cells were infected with lentiviruses expressing short hairpin RNA (shRNA) for Mll2 for 24 hours, and then puromycin was added at 2mg/ml to select for 5 days. Then collet samples of control and Mll2 knockdown E14 cells for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:We tried to find the target genes of miR-100 in MGC-803 and SK-BR-3 cells, thus we uesd specific miR-100 inhibitor to knock down the level of miR-100 in the cells, with this condition, we used this mRNA microarray to find the genes whose amount changed. and they may be the target genes that miR-100 mediated. Total of four chips, MGC-AMO, MGC-NC, SK-AMO, SK-NC. MGC and SK represents MGC-803 and SK-BR-3 cells respectively. AMO is the specific miR-100 inhibitor and NC is negative control.
Project description:Haploid stem cells offer an easy-to-manipulate genetic system and therefore have great values for studies of recessive phenotypes. Here, we show that mouse androgenetic haploid ES (ahES) cell lines can be established by transferring sperm into enucleated oocyte. The ahES cells maintain haploidy and stable growth over 30 passages, express pluripotent markers, possess the ability to differentiate into all three germ-layers in vitro and in vivo, and contribute to germline of chimeras when injected into blastocysts. Although epigenetically distinct from sperm cells, the ahES cells can produce viable and fertile progenies after intracytoplasmic injection into mature oocytes. The oocyte injection procedure can also produce viable transgenic mice from genetically engineered ahES cells. We used microarrays to compare the global programme of gene expression among ahES cells, normal diploid ES cells, MEF cells and round sperm cells and found that gene expression pattern of ahES cells was highly similar with ES cells but was distinct from MEF cells and round sperms. Androgenetic haploid ES cells were FACS sorted to harvest the G0/G1 phase haploid cells. Total RNA were extracted from three ahES cell lines (AH129-5, AH129-N1, AH129-NC1, all 129Sv genetic background), two ES cell lines ( CS1-1, R1, 129Sv background), MEF cells and round sperm and hybridized with Affymetrix GeneChip 430 2.0 array. Data were collected and analyzed to compare their gene expression pattern.
Project description:Hsp27 can regulate multiply signaling pathway and protect HCC cells apoptosis by mediating interaction with its cochaperones 3 HepG2 samples stably transfected with Hsp27 ORF vectors, Hsp27 shRNA or control vectors
Project description:Plant height is a critical constituent of plant architecture. Rice (Oryza sativa) plants have the potential to undergo rapid internodal elongation, which determines plant height. A number of physiological studies have proved that gibberellin is involved in internode elongation. Leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases (LRR-RLKs) are the largest subfamily of transmembrane receptor-like kinases in plants. Plant LRR-RLKs play important functions in mediating a variety of cellular processes and regulating responses to environmental signals. LRK1, a PSK receptor homolog, is a member of the LRR-RLK family. In the present study, differences in ectopic expression of LRK1 were consistent with extent of rice internode elongation. Analyses of gene expression demonstrated that LRK1 restricts gibberellin responsiveness during the internode elongation process by down-regulation of the gibberellin biosynthetic gene, ent-KAURENE OXIDASE (OsKO2). Leaf tissues of 6-week-old LRK1 060615 transgenic rice and control 9311 rice (10 plants each) were selected.
Project description:The high concentration of Well5 cells was resuspended into 20μl PBS, the needle along the tibia direction, before reaching in a breakthrough sense, direct injection cells. At 7 days after injection, proximal tibia was able to reach mass production. At 20 days after injection, the proximal tibia mass increased.If prolonging exposure by BLI,this stage displayedthat tumor cell signalsbegan to lung metastasis. Osteosarcoma orthotopic lung metastasis model was successfully constructed. Total RNA was extracted from sorted osteosarcoma cells of the primary site and lung metastases using Trizol (Invitrogen). We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression underlying cellularisation and identified distinct classes of up-regulated genes during osteosarcoma lung metastasis. In support of the notion that fibrosis marks the lung metastasis, the expression of numerous fibrosis-related genes such as FN1, COLs, and MMPs were upregulated from the primary site to lung metastasis in Well5-luc orthotopic inoculation model. Total RNA was extracted from sorted osteosarcoma cells using Trizol (Invitrogen). Gene expression profiling was conducted by Shanghai Biotechnology Corporation using Affymetrix U133 plus 2.0 arrays (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA). All data were analyzed according to the manufacturer’s protocol. Raw data generated from Affymetrix CEL files were normalized by RMA background correction; values were log2 transformed. For the enrichment of P values of each GO term, we used Fisher’s exact test to calculate P values and R package stats to calculate FDR (q value) by BH method (www.r-project.org).
Project description:Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) experience phenotypic transformation, from the quiescent phenotype to the activated one, after different etiologies of liver injury. Liver fibrosis is then occurred upon the activation of HSCs. miR-16 deficiency is identified to be an important characteristic of HSCs activation. We used Affymetrix rat 230 2.0 arrays (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, U.S.A.) to uncover the global alternations of transcriptome under miR-16 restoration. We isolated quiescent hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) from adult male SD rats (normal control group) by in situ perfusion and density-gradient centrifugation. Activated HSCs were separated from rats of fibrosis model group, which were treated by 40% carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) for 8 weeks, by means of liver section, digestion and sequential centrifugation. Quiescent and activated HSCs were then divided into 4 groups at random, namely quiescent HSCs, activated HSCs, pLV-miR-16-treated HSCs and pLV-GFP-treated HSCs. The pLV-miR-16-treated group, pLV-GFP-treated group were infected with pLV-miR-16 and pLV-GFP, respectively.