Transcriptomics,Multiomics

Dataset Information

3

Global analysis of the Staphylococcus aureus response to mupirocin


ABSTRACT: In the present study we analyzed the response of S. aureus to mupirocin, the drug of choice for nasal decolonization of S. aureus. Mupirocin selectively inhibits the bacterial isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase (IleRSs) leading to the accumulation of uncharged isoleucyl-tRNA and hence (p)ppGpp. The latter is a signal for the induction of the stringent response, an important global transcriptional and translational control mechanism that allows bacteria to adapt to nutritional deprivation. To identify proteins with an altered synthesis pattern in response to mupirocin treatment we used the highly sensitive 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis technique in combination with mass spectrometry. Obtained results were complemented by DNA-microarray, Northern blot and metabolome analysis. Whereas expression of genes involved in nucleotide biosynthesis, DNA metabolism, energy metabolism and translation was significantly down-regulated, expression of the isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase, the branched chain amino acids pathway, genes with functions in oxidative stress resistance (ahpC, katA), putative roles in stress protection (SACOL1759, SACOL2131, SACOL0815) and transport processes was increased. Of particular interest were the differences in the transcription of genes encoding virulence associated regulators (i.e. arlRS, saeRS, sarA, sarR, sarS) as well as genes directly involved in the virulence of S. aureus (i.e. fnbA, epiE, epiG, seb). In the present study we analyzed the response of S. aureus to mupirocin, the drug of choice for nasal decolonization of S. aureus. Mupirocin selectively inhibits the bacterial isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase (IleRSs) leading to the accumulation of uncharged isoleucyl-tRNA and hence (p)ppGpp. The latter is a signal for the induction of the stringent response, an important global transcriptional and translational control mechanism that allows bacteria to adapt to nutritional deprivation. In total four independent hybridization experiments with each representing a biological replicate including a control and a treated sample were carried out. To account for the dye bias two of the four replicates were dye swapped.

OTHER RELATED OMICS DATASETS IN: PRJNA144115

ORGANISM(S): Staphylococcus aureus  

SUBMITTER: Patrice François   FRANCOIS Patrice  Jacques Schrenzel  Michael Hecker  Jan Pané-Farré  Swantje Reiß  Susanne Engelmann 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-30743 | ArrayExpress | 2012-01-23

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE30743PRJNA144115

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

Dataset's files

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Action DRS
E-GEOD-30743.README.txt Txt
E-GEOD-30743.eSet.r Other
E-GEOD-30743.idf.txt Idf
E-GEOD-30743.processed.1.zip Processed
E-GEOD-30743.raw.1.zip Raw
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In the present study, we analyzed the response of S. aureus to mupirocin, the drug of choice for nasal decolonization. Mupirocin selectively inhibits the bacterial isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase (IleRS), leading to the accumulation of uncharged isoleucyl-tRNA and eventually the synthesis of (p)ppGpp. The alarmone (p)ppGpp induces the stringent response, an important global transcriptional and translational control mechanism that allows bacteria to adapt to nutritional deprivation. To identify protein  ...[more]

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