Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

5

Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance of longevity in Caenorhabditis elegans


ABSTRACT: Chromatin modifiers regulate lifespan in several organisms, raising the question of whether changes in chromatin states in the parental generation could be incompletely reprogrammed in the next generation and thereby affect the lifespan of descendents. The histone H3 lysine 4 trimethylation (H3K4me3) complex composed of ASH-2, WDR-5, and the histone methyltransferase SET-2 regulates C. elegans lifespan. Here we show that deficiencies in the H3K4me3 chromatin modifiers ASH-2, WDR-5, or SET-2 in the parental generation extend the lifespan of descendents up until the third generation. The transgenerational inheritance of lifespan extension by members of the ASH-2 complex is dependent on the H3K4me3 demethylase RBR-2, and requires the presence of a functioning germline in the descendents. Transgenerational inheritance of lifespan is specific for the H3K4me3 methylation complex and is associated with epigenetic changes in gene expression. Thus, manipulation of specific chromatin modifiers only in parents can induce an epigenetic memory of longevity in descendents. There are 35 samples in total. We found that genetically WT descendents from mutants of the H3K4me3 modifying complex had extended longevity up until the F4 generation. Their lifespan returned to WT levels in the F5 generation. We performed microarrays to examine what gene expression differences there were between N2(WT) worms, +/+ (from wdr-5 mutant) worms, and wdr-5/wdr-5 in the F4 and the F5 generation. We analyzed L3 samples from the first and second days of egg laying in triplicate each. Samples consist of ~1000 worms each.

ORGANISM(S): Caenorhabditis elegans  

SUBMITTER: Anne Brunet   Eric Lieberman Greer  Eric L Greer 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-31043 | ArrayExpress | 2011-10-18

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE31043PRJNA144879

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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