Discovery of genes differentially-expressed in the endothelium of lymph nodes draining metastatic versus non-metastatic tumors
ABSTRACT: Metastasis to lymph nodes is an early and prognostically important event in the progression of many human cancers, and is associated with expression of vascular endothelial growth factor-D (VEGF-D). Changes to lymph node vasculature occur during metastasis, and may establish a metastatic niche capable of attracting and supporting tumor cells. We used microarrays to characterise the molecular profiles of endothelial cells from lymph nodes draining metastatic (VEGF-D-overexpressing) and non-metastatic tumors, and to identify differentially-expressed genes that might have therapeutic or prognostic potential. Draining lymph nodes of metastatic (VEGF-D-overexpressing) or non-metastatic tumors were pooled from 1-5 mice and enzymatically digested. Lymph nodes draining metastatic tumors were included for the analysis only if macroscopically enlarged, indicating the presence of metastatic cells. After digestion, tumor cells and leukocytes were depleted via immunomagnetic selection, and the resulting lymph node stromal cells were cultured briefly. Podoplanin was then used as a positive immunomagnetic selection marker to enrich for lymphatic and other endothelial cells in the lymph node. RNA was isolated from biological duplicate lymph node endothelial cell (LN EC) preparations and analysed by microarray.
Project description:Lymphatic endothelial cells (LEC) residing in lymph nodes (LN) have been shown to express genes normally restricted to one or a few tissues, termed peripheral tissue antigens (PTA). The expression of one of these PTA, tyrosinase, by LN-resident LEC has been shown to mediate peripheral T cell tolerance. We used a microarray approach to determine the gene expression profile of LN-resident LEC and blood endothelial cells as a comparison with the objective of determining the global PTA repertoire in these LN stromal populations. Skin draining and mesenteric lymph nodes were pooled from 6 week old adult C57BL/6 mice, minced, and enzymatically digested yielding single cell suspensions. Lymph node stromal cells were purified via CD45 magnetic bead negative selection and pure populations of lymphatic endothelial cells (LEC) and blood endothelial cells (BEC) were obtained via electronic cell sorting according to their expression of gp38 and CD31 (LEC: gp38+ CD31+, BEC: gp38- CD31+). Total RNA was extracted, amplified, and hybridized to Affymetrix microarrays. 3 paired independent samples of purified lymph node LEC and BEC were analyzed.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling to examine differences resulting from priming of virus-specific CD8 T cells in draining lymph node and in bone marrow, following intradermal injection of modified virus Ankara (MVA)-HIV gag. Transcriptional profiling of mouse pentamer H2kD-AMQMLKETI (HIV-gagP24) CD8 T cells from draining lymph nodes(LN) and bone marrow (BM ) 5 days following intradermal injection of MVA-HIV gag, and compared to naive (CD62L Hi CD44 int) CD8+ T cells from lymph node of naive mice (NTc). Three-condition experiment, BM, LN and NTc. Experimental replicates: 5 BM, 5 LN, 5 NTc, RNA pooled from 3 independant experiments of 5 mice each.
Project description:Genome-wide methylation analysis was performed by methylated DNA immunoprecipitation-CGI microarray analysis. A pool of four cancer samples without lymph node metastasis, two pools of four cancer samples with lymph node metastasis, and three metastatic lymph nodes were prepared from the patients, and analyzed by MeDIP-CGI microarray.
Project description:Lymphogenous metastasis is an important event in the progression of many human cancers, and is associated with expression of vascular endothelial growth factor-D (VEGF-D). Changes to the lymphatic vasculature can occur during metastasis, and may aid metastatic spread. We investigated the effect of tumour derived VEGFD on the endothelium of the collecting lymphatic vessels draining primary tumors. We used microarrays to detail the changes in gene expression in the collecting lymphatic endothelium of mice with 293EBNA xenografts compared to 293EBNA xenografts overexpressing VEGFD. Mice were injected with 293EBNA cells (transfected with either empty APEX vector, or vector containing VEGFD) and tumours were allowed to grow to size. Mice were sacrificed and collecting lymphatic vessels were dissected. The endothelial cell population was isolated and RNA was extracted and hybridized on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:To determine the influence of primary tumors on pre-metastatic lymph nodes, we have employed whole genome microarray expression profiling as a discovery platform to identify gene signatures of B cells from tumor-draining lymph nodes, compared with normal lymph nodes. We subcutaneously inoculated C57BL/6 mice with the 4T1 mammary carcinoma. Two weeks later, tumor-draining lymph nodes were dissociated and B cells (CD19+) were sorted. Lymph nodes B cells from normal mice without tumor bearing were set as controls. Overall design: Primary tumor induced gene expression in B cells from tumor-draining lymph nodes was measured at 2 weeks after tumor inoculation subcutaneously. Lymph node B cells from normal mice without tumor bearing were set as controls.
Project description:Analysis of purified immune and breast tumor cells from three major compartments where cancer and immune cells interact: primary tumor, tumor draining lymph nodes (tumor invaded or tumor free), and peripheral blood. The results suggests that node-positive patients’ immune regulation and functionality is down-regulated compared to node-negative patients. CD45+ Immune and ESA+ tumor cells were purified from breast cancer patients' primary tumor, tumor-draining lymph node, and peripheral blood (ficoll) and placed onto Agilent microarrays using the dye-swap method. A universal human reference was used as a reference for the patient samples.
Project description:Angiogenesis plays a key role in tumor metastasis. Many genes may act in this process including formation of vessels, immune evasion,etc. Different gene expression profiles between lymphoma endothelium cells and reactive lymph node-derived endothelium cells may uncover these genes. And intensive mechanism researches on such key genes may explain the mechanisim of tumor-specific angiogenesis and help to explore effective treatment strategies to prevent/reverse tumor metastasis. We use microarrays to detail gene expression profiles of human lymphoma endothelium and reactive lymph node-derived endothelium. Lymph nodes were taken from surgery samples of cases pathologically diagnosed DLBCL (diffuse large B-cell lymphoma), PTL (peripheral T cell lymphoma) and reactive lymph nodes. The pure endothelium cells were isolated by LCM after immunohistochemical staining of CD34. We found Tim-3 was preferentially expressed on lymphoma-derived ECs via different expression profiles between lymphoma ECs and reactive lymph node-derived ECs. Intensive researches were carried out on Tim-3-expressing -ECs and we found that Tim-3 -expressing-Ecs may play important role on EC-mediated tumor evasion.
Project description:Invasion of lymphatic vessels is a key step in the metastasis of primary tumour cells to draining lymph nodes. Recent evidence indicates that such metastasis can be facilitated by tumour lymphangiogenesis, although it remains unclear whether this is a consequence of increased lymphatic vessel numbers or alteration in the properties of the vessels themselves. Here we have addressed this important question by comparing the RNA profile of normal dermal lymphatic endothelial cells (LEC) with those isolated from tumours of murine T-241/VEGF-C metastatic fibrosarcoma. Our findings reveal significant changes in the expression of some 792 genes in tumour lymphatics (≥ 2 fold up/downregulation, p ≤ 0.05), involving particularly transcripts associated with junctional adhesion, immunomodulation, extracellular matrix and vessel growth/patterning, several of which we have confirmed by RT-PCR and/or immunohistochemistry. Interestingly, this altered phenotype could not be attributed solely to VEGF-C induced lymphoproliferation, as no similar change in gene expression was reported when human LEC were cultured with VEGF-C in vitro. Moreover, we show that a key protein upregulated in the mouse model, namely the tight junction protein Endothelial Cell Specific Adhesion Molecule (ESAM), is similarly upregulated in tumour lymphatic vessels from 2/2 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and 4/4 patients with aggressive bladder carcinoma. These findings demonstrate a previously unrecognized influence of tumour environment on lymphatic gene expression and identify candidate tumour specific vessel markers that may prove valuable for either prognosis or therapy. Experiment Overall Design: Here we have investigated the invasion of lymphatic vessels as a key step in the metastasis of primary tumour cells to draining lymph nodes by comparing the gene expression profile of normal dermal lymphatic endothelial cells (LEC) with those isolated from tumours of murine T241/VEGF-C/GFP metastatic fibrosarcoma. Three biological replicates were analyzed from each group.
Project description:Extrapulmonary manifestations constitute 15-20% of tuberculosis cases, with lymph node as the most common site. Understanding of disease etiology is limited due to the lack of understanding patients’ infected tissue milieu. This study was designed to perform global transcriptome analysis of lymph node tissues from healthy individuals and Mycobacterium tuberculosis infected lymph nodes of patients to decipher the local response of infected tissue. This study was designed to elucidate gene expression signatures in the event of Lymph Node Tuberculosis. Total RNA was extracted from lymph node tissue samples of LNTB patients in BSL3 facility and together with healthy lymph node RNA samples (commercially purchased) their global transcriptome profiling was performed using Illumina HumanHT-12 V4 expression beadchip.
Project description:We employed single-cell RNA sequencing to understand stromal changes in murine melanomas and draining lymph nodes at single cell resolution at different points of tumour development.