MicroRNAs expression in 20(R)-ginsenoside Rg3-induced anti-angiogenesis
ABSTRACT: The angio-suppressive effect of 20(R)-ginsenoside Rg3 (Rg3-R) has been previously demonstrated, and microRNAs (miRNAs) are a vital group of small non-coding RNAs that function as post-transcriptional modulator of gene expression. Thus, using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) as model, we compared the microRNA (miRNA) expression profile of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced cells with the profile of the cell co-treated with VEGF and Rg3-R. Among the screened 553 human miRNAs, 6 up-regulated (miR-520h, miR-487b, miR-197, miR-524*, miR-342 and miR-219) and 3 down-regulated (miR-23a, miR-489 and miR-377) miRNAs were detected in Rg3-R treated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced HUVECs compared to VEGF alone. Real time RT-PCR was subsequently performed to verify the miRNA microarray result. Two condition experiment: VEGF-induced HUVEC and VEGF-induced HUVEC treated with Rg3-R. Three independent microarray experiments, with triplicate per microarray.
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that act as post-transcriptional gene modulators. Ginsenoside-Rg1, one of the active components of ginseng, has been confirmed by us as an angiogenesis inducer. Using miRNA microarray analysis, a total of 15 (including miR-214) and 3 miRNAs were found to be down- or up-regulated by Rg1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), respectively. Since miR-214 is closely related to endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and hence angiogenesis; its expression was further validated by qRT-PCR. We also investigated the role of miR-214 on eNOS expression and in tubulogenesis of HUVEC by transfection of specific miRNA inhibitor or precursor. Our results suggested that Rg1 can down-regulate miR-214 expression in HUVEC, leading to an increase in eNOS expression which can promote angiogenesis. This result signifies a new understanding towards how a simple natural compound can affect physiological changes through modulation of miRNA expression. The study is used to investigate the role of miRNA-214 in Rg1-induced human endothelial cells.
Project description:We examined hypoxia responsing miRNAs in HUVEC and MA148cells. Microarray studies revealed hypoxia can change microRNA expression in HUVEC and MA148 cells. 8 HUVEC samples (4 controls and 4 experimentals) and 4 MA148 samples (2 controls and 2 experimentals)
Project description:Angiogenesis is an essential step in cancer progression and metastasis. Changes in the microRNA (miRNA or miR) expression profiles of endothelial cells (ECs) elicited by cancer cells promote angiogenesis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a key pro-angiogenic factor, influences miRNA expression in ECs; however, the exact role that VEGF serves in miRNA regulation during angiogenesis is poorly defined. The present study aimed to demonstrate the differential angiogenic effects on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) of five different colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines by in vitro HUVEC migration and angiogenesis assays in response to CRC-conditioned medium (CM). Among the tested CMs, LoVo was the most effective cell line in eliciting HUVEC angiogenic phenotypes, at least partially due to its high VEGF level. It was also observed that pro-angiogenesis-regulatory miRNAs (angio-miRNA) miR-296, miR-132, miR-105 and miR-200 were upregulated in the VEGF-rich LoVo CM compared with the VEGF-scarce SW620 CM. In addition, treatment with VEGF receptor 2 inhibitor downregulated the pro-angio-miRNAs, with the exception of miR-132, suggesting that VEGF, as well as additional signaling, is required for angio-miRNA expression. Quantitative analyses on pro-angio-miRNA target expression suggested that independent pathways may be involved in the regulation of their expression. Overall, the data from the present study indicated that multiple paracrine factors, including VEGF secreted by CRCs, effectively modulated angio-miRNA expression, thus impacting their target expression and the angiogenic phenotypes of HUVECs.
Project description:The angio-suppressive effect of 20(R)-ginsenoside Rg3 (Rg3-R) has been previously demonstrated, and microRNAs (miRNAs) are a vital group of small non-coding RNAs that function as post-transcriptional modulator of gene expression. Thus, using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) as model, we compared the microRNA (miRNA) expression profile of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced cells with the profile of the cell co-treated with VEGF and Rg3-R. Among the screened 553 human miRNAs, 6 up-regulated (miR-520h, miR-487b, miR-197, miR-524*, miR-342 and miR-219) and 3 down-regulated (miR-23a, miR-489 and miR-377) miRNAs were detected in Rg3-R treated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced HUVECs compared to VEGF alone. Real time RT-PCR was subsequently performed to verify the miRNA microarray result. Overall design: Two condition experiment: VEGF-induced HUVEC and VEGF-induced HUVEC treated with Rg3-R. Three independent microarray experiments, with triplicate per microarray.
Project description:The importance of microRNA (miRNA) to vascular biology is becoming increasingly evident; however, the function of a significant number of miRNA remains to be determined. In particular, the effect of growth factor regulation of miRNAs on endothelial cell morphogenesis is incomplete. Thus, we aimed to identify miRNAs regulated by pro-angiogenic vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and determine the effects of VEGF-regulated miRNAs and their targets on processes important for angiogenesis. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were thus stimulated with VEGF and miRNA levels assessed using microarrays. We found that VEGF altered expression of many miRNA, and for this study focused on one of the most significantly down-regulated miRNA in HUVECs following VEGF treatment, miR-30b. Using specific miRNA mimics, we found that overexpression of miR-30b inhibited capillary morphogenesis in vitro, while depletion of endogenous miR-30b resulted in increased capillary morphogenesis indicating the potential significance of down-regulation of miR-30b as a pro-angiogenic response to VEGF stimulation. MiR-30b overexpression in HUVEC regulated transforming growth factor beta 2 (TGF?2) production, which led to increased phosphorylation of Smad2, indicating activation of an autocrine TGF? signaling pathway. Up-regulation of TGF?2 by miR-30b overexpression was found to be dependent on ATF2 activation, a transcription factor known to regulate TGF?2 expression, as miR-30b overexpressing cells exhibited increased levels of phosphorylated ATF2 and depletion of ATF2 inhibited miR-30b-induced TGF?2 expression. However, miR-30b effects on ATF2 were indirect and found to be via targeting of the known ATF2 repressor protein JDP2 whose mRNA levels were indirectly correlated with miR-30b levels. Increased secretion of TGF?2 from HUVEC was shown to mediate the inhibitory effects of miR-30b on capillary morphogenesis as treatment with a neutralizing antibody to TGF?2 restored capillary morphogenesis to normal levels in miR-30b overexpressing cells. These results support that the regulation of miR-30b by VEGF in HUVEC is important for capillary morphogenesis, as increased miR-30b expression inhibits capillary morphogenesis through enhanced expression of TGF?2.
Project description:This study investigates the regional expression profiles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in endothelial cells isolated from the athero-protective descending thoracic aorta (DT) and from the athero-susceptible aortic arch (AA) in a swine model. Seven 2-channel assays comparing DT samples to AA samples were performed using the Invitrogen NCode Multi-Species miRNA Microarray.
Project description:Adaptation of humans in low gravity conditions is a matter of utmost importance when efforts are on to a gigantic leap in human space expeditions for tourism and formation of space colonies. In this connection, cardiovascular adaptation in low gravity is a critical component of human space exploration. Deep high-throughput sequencing approach allowed us to analyze the miRNA and mRNA expression profiles in human umbilical cord vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), cultured under gravity (G), and stimulated microgravity (MG) achieved with a clinostat. The present study identified totally 1870 miRNAs differentially expressed in HUVEC under MG condition when compared to the cells subjected to unitary G conditions. The functional association of identified miRNAs targeting specific mRNAs revealed that miRNAs, hsa-mir-496, hsa-mir-151a, hsa-miR-296-3p, hsa-mir-148a, hsa-miR-365b-5p, hsa-miR-3687, hsa-mir-454, hsa-miR-155-5p, and hsa-miR-145-5p differentially regulated the genes involved in cell adhesion, angiogenesis, cell cycle, JAK-STAT signaling, MAPK signaling, nitric oxide signaling, VEGF signaling, and wound healing pathways. Further, the q-PCR based experimental studies of upregulated and downregulated miRNA and mRNAs demonstrate that the above reported miRNAs influence the cell proliferation and vascular functions of the HUVEC in MG conditions effectively. Consensus on the interactome results indicates restricted fluctuations in the transcriptome of the HUVEC exposed to short-term MG that could lead to higher levels of endothelial functions like angiogenesis and vascular patterning.
Project description:Endotoxin/LPS tolerance is a tightly regulated phenomenon, which, during infection, prevents systemic hyper-inflammation. Here we report for the first time that morphine reversal of endotoxin tolerance resulting in persistent inflammation thus contributing to septicemia and septic shock. We further report that this regulation is mediated by LPS-induced down-regulation of microRNAs 146a and 155. However, only over-expression of miR-146a, but not miR-155 abrogates morphine mediated hyper-inflammation, while antagonizing miR-146a (but not miR-155) augments morphine mediated hyper-inflammation. Hence, miR-146a could be the potential therapeutic target for morphine-mediated abrogation of endotoxin tolerance. All treatments done in vivo. Morphine implanted subcuteniously, LPS administered as intraperitoneal injection.
Project description:Endothelial cells growing in high glucose-containing medium show reduced cell proliferation and in vitro angiogenesis. Evidence suggests that the molecular pathways leading to these cellular responses are controlled by microRNAs, endogenous post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. To identify the microRNAs and their targeted genes involved in the glucose responses, we performed the miRNA signature of Human Umbelical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVECs) exposed and unexposed to high glucose. Among differentially expressed microRNAs, we analysed miR-492 and showed that its overexpression was able to reduce proliferation, migration and tube formation of HUVEC. These effects were accompanied by the down-regulation of eNOS, a key regulator of the endothelial cell function. We showed that eNOS was indirectly down-regulated by miR-492 and we discovered that miR-492 was able to bind mRNAs involved in proliferation, migration, tube formation and regulation of eNOS activity and expression. Moreover, we found that miR-492 decreased VEGF expression in HUVEC and impaired in vivo angiogenesis in a tumour xenograft model, suggesting a role also in modulating the secretion of pro-angiogenic factors. Taken together, the data indicate that miR-492 exerts a potent anti-angiogenic activity in endothelial cells and therefore miR-492 seems a promising tool for anti-angiogenic therapy.
Project description:Angiogenesis is very important for vascularized tissue engineering. In this study, we found that a two-dimensional co-culture of human bone marrow stromal cell (HBMSC) and human umbical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) is able to stimulate the migration of co-cultured HUVEC and induce self-assembled network formation. During this process, expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF???) was upregulated in co-cultured HBMSC. Meanwhile, VEGF???-receptor2 (KDR) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) were upregulated in co-cultured HUVEC. Functional studies show that neutralization of VEGF??? blocked the migration and the rearrangement of the cells and downregulated the expression of uPA and its receptor. Blocking of vascular endothelial-cadherin (VE-cad) did not affect the migration of co-cultured HUVEC but suppressed the self-assembled network formation. In conclusion, co-cultures upregulated the expression of VEGF??? in co-cultured HBMSC; VEGF??? then activated uPA in co-cultured HUVEC, which might be responsible for initiating the migration and the self-assembled network formation with the participation of VE-cad. All of these results indicated that only the direct contact of HBMSC and HUVEC and their respective dialogue are sufficient to stimulate secretion of soluble factors and to activate molecules that are critical for self-assembled network formation which show a great application potential for vascularization in tissue engineering.