Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

2

ADAR1 regulates melanoma progression via miRNAs biogenesis


ABSTRACT: Aberrant RNA-editing was observed in several human tumors, but its significance is mostly unknown. Here we show that ADAR1, a ubiquitous RNA-editing enzyme, is commonly lost in metastatic melanoma cells and specimens. Experimental ADAR1 silencing significantly alters melanoma cell morphology, facilitates proliferation and cell-cycle, and increases the tumorigenicity in-vivo. A series of ADAR1 truncation mutants establishes a novel RNA-editing-independent role for ADAR1 in controlling the nuclear and cytoplasmic processing steps of miRNA biogenesis. Altered expression of ADAR1-controled miRNAs accounts for the observed phenotype. We show that the oncogenic miR-17-5p endogenously regulates ADAR1 expression and that its genomic sequence is frequently amplified in melanoma to overexpress the mature miR-17-5p form. ADAR1 and miR-17-5p are ubiquitously expressed, suggesting the generality of this mechanism. Melanoma cell line expressing low ADAR1 levels (ADAR1-Knockdown) using shRNA technique were selected for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. We sought to examine the alterations in the genes and microRNA expression profile in the manipulated cell system, due to ADAR1 possible involvement cancer development. To that end, we selected ADAR1-knockdown (ADAR1-KD) cells that demonstrated an enhanced aggressive phenotype both in vivo and in vitro as compared to the control cells (Control).

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Eyal Greenberg   Gal Markel  Iris Barshack  Jacob Schachter  Ninette Amariglio  Nitin Chakravarti  Jasmine Jacob-Hirsch  Rona Ortenberg  Dorothy C Bennett  Michal Safran  Victor G Prieto  jasmine jacob  Michal J Besser  Yael Nemlich  Menashe Bar-Eli  David M Kallenberg  Gideon Rechavi  Lynn Duncan 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-31963 | ArrayExpress | 2012-08-31

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE31963PRJNA144993

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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