TET2 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia: Results from a comprehensive genetic and clinical analysis of the AML Study Group (AMLSG)
ABSTRACT: Purpose: The tet oncogene family member 2 (TET2) gene was recently identified mutated in myeloid disorders including acute myeloid leukemia (AML). To date, there is increasing evidence for a functional role of TET2 mutations (TET2mut) in AML. Thus, we explored frequency, gene expression pattern, and clinical impact of TET2mut in a large cohort of AML patients, in the context of other AML-associated aberrations. Patients and Methods: Samples from 783 younger adult AML patients were analyzed for the presence of TET2mut (coding exons 3-11), and results were correlated with data from molecular genetic analyses, gene expression profiling, and clinical outcome. Results: In total, 66 TET2mut were found in 60 (60/783; 7.6%) patients, including missense (n=37), frameshift (n=16), and nonsense (n=13) mutations, which with one exception were all heterozygous. TET2mut were not correlated with distinct clinical features or genetic alterations, except for isocitrate dehydrogenase mutations (IDHmut) that were almost mutually exclusive with TET2mut (p<0.001). TET2mut were characterized by only a weak gene expression pattern, which nevertheless reflected TET2mut-associated biology. TET2mut did not impact response to induction therapy and clinical outcome; combining patients exhibiting TET2mut and/or IDHmut revealed shorter overall survival (p=0.03), although this association was not independent from known risk factors. Conclusion: TET2mut were identified in 7.6% of younger adult AML patients and did not impact response to therapy and survival. Mutations were mutually exclusive with IDHmut, thereby supporting recent data on a common mechanism of action, which might obscure the impact of TET2mut if compared against all other AML cases. We performed a supervised class comparison analysis comparing 31 TET-mutated AML cases (TET2 mut) vs. 302 TET2-wildtype AML cases (TET wt) to see if a specific gene expression pattern associated with the presence of the identified TET2 mutations could be determined. No technical replicates were performed.
Project description:ABSTRACT Background. Acute Kawasaki disease (KD) is difficult to distinguish from other acute rash/fever illnesses, in part because the etiologic agent(s) and pathophysiology remain poorly characterized. As a result, diagnosis and critical therapies may be delayed. Methods. We used DNA microarrays to identify possible diagnostic features of KD. We compared gene expression patterns in the blood of 23 children with acute KD and 18 age-matched febrile children with three illnesses that resemble KD. Results. Genes associated with platelet and neutrophil activation were expressed at higher levels in KD patients than in patients with acute adenovirus infections or systemic adverse drug reactions but not in patients with scarlet fever; genes associated with B cell activation were also expressed at higher levels in KD patients than in controls. A striking absence of interferon-stimulated gene expression in the KD patients was confirmed in an independent cohort of KD subjects. We successfully predicted the diagnosis in 21 of 23 KD patients and 7 of 8 adenovirus patients using a set of 38 gene transcripts. Conclusions. These findings provide insight into the molecular features that distinguish KD from other febrile illnesses, and support the feasibility of developing novel diagnostic reagents for KD based on the host response. A disease state experiment design type is where the state of some disease such as infection, pathology, syndrome, etc is studied. Disease State: One of Kawasaki Disease (KD) or control (C) of Scarlet fever (C-sf), adenovirus infection (C-ai) or drug reaction (C-dr) disease_state_design
Project description:With the goal of identifying changes in gene expression in CD4(+) T cells during the development of diabetes in the nonobese diabetic (NOD) mouse, we used DNA microarrays to analyze gene expression in CD4(+) T cells from the pancreatic draining lymph nodes of NOD/BDC 2.5 T cell receptor transgenic and WT NOD mice at different ages. At 4 and 6 weeks of age, we found up-regulation of a number of genes that are known to be induced by IFN-alpha. IFN-alpha levels and IFN-alpha-producing plasmacytoid dendritic cells were increased in the PLNs of 3- to 4-week-old NOD mice. Moreover, blockade of IFN-alpha receptor 1 in NOD mice by a neutralizing antibody at 2-3 weeks of age significantly delayed the onset and decreased the incidence of type 1 diabetes, increased the relative number of immature dendritic cells in the PLNs, and enhanced the ability of spleen CD4(+) T cells to produce IL-4 and IL-10. These findings demonstrate that IFN-alpha in the PLNs is an essential initiator in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes in NOD mice. An all pairs experiment design type is where all labeled extracts are compared to every other labeled extract.
Project description:These 12 arrays are the basis for Figure 1 of the "An interferon-response induced by tumor-stroma interaction in a subset of human breast cancers" manuscript. Figure 1: Effect of heterotypic interaction between breast cancer cell line MDA-MB231 and CCL-171 fibroblast. Biologically independent replicates of the mono-cultured fibroblast CCL-171, the breast cancer cell line MDA-MB231 and the mixed co-culture of CCL-171 and MDA-MB231 were grown for 48h at low serum conditions and characterized by DNA microarray hybridization. Hierarchical clustering of a total of 4333 elements that display a greater than 3-fold variance in expression in more than 3 different experimental samples. Data from individual elements or genes are represented as single rows, and different experiments are shown as columns. Red and green denote expression levels of the samples. The intensity of the color reflects the magnitude of the deviation from baseline. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering of the experiments grouped the biological replicates together. Gene expression varied considerably between fibroblast and MDA-MB231 as expected for cells of mesenchymal or epithelial origin respectively. The co-culture profile showed mainly intermediate expression levels. However, the vertical black bar marks a cluster of genes induced in all co-cultures compared to both mono-cultures indicating that they are induced by heterotypic interaction Set of arrays organized by shared biological context, such as organism, tumors types, processes, etc. Computed
Project description:Throughout the course of early development, the reliable occurrence of stereotyped events is imperative. This careful orchestration is dependent upon regulation at the level of gene expression. While all cell types derive from a single fertilized cell and share a single genome, individual cell types differentially utilize this genome. Such differential utilization is essential for the acquisition, maintenance, and modulation of cell properties. In order to better understand the molecular basis of early development, we evaluated the mRNA expression programs of both early post-implantation mouse embryos and differentiating embryonic stem cells using a cDNA microarray platform covering 74% of the mouse genome. Mining of these datasets revealed a strong association across RNA processing, modulation of the cell cycle, and chromatin organization. Genes involved in these processes demonstrated sharp regulation during well-defined biological transitions. Dominant patterns of expression with biologically separable properties were identified. The evolutionary conservation of one cluster in particular suggested a molecular basis for the alignment of the murine and fly developmental programs. Moreover, the data suggest putative gene relationships that may also have broader implications for gene networks connecting the cell cycle to the molecular repertoire of the cell. Design: Dataset is a murine embryonic developmental timecourse consisting of morphologically staged samples from E6.25 to E9.0 (at approximately 0.25d intervals). There two replicates of each sample and there are 13 samples in each biological replicate series. A common reference design was employed. A development or differentiation experiment design type assays events associated with development or differentiation or moving through a life cycle. Development applies to organism(s) acquiring a mature state, and differentiation applies to cells acquiring specialized functions. Developmental Stage: morphologically staged samples from E6.25 to E9.0 (at approximately 0.25d intervals) Keywords: development_or_differentiation_design Using regression correlation
Project description:Primary skin fibroblasts from four Niemann-Pick type C patients homozygous for the I1061T mutation and four control individuals were cultured under identical conditions in DMEM containing 10% fetal bovine serum. Cells were harvested at 50-70% confluency. mRNA was isolated with the FastTrack 2.0 mRNA isolation kit according to the manufacturer's instructions (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA). A reference RNA comprised of 10 cell lines was used as the control for each hybridized sample (Stratagene, La Jolla, CA). Both sample and reference RNAs were amplified using the MessageAmp II aRNA amplification kit (Ambion, Austin, TX). Set of arrays that are part of repeated experiments Biological Replicate Complex
Project description:In response to polarization cues, cultured Caco-2 cells, a human colon adenocarcinoma-derived cell line, form a polarized epithelium resembling normal enterocytes. We investigated potential signaling mechanisms activated by Caco-2 cells that might trigger the genome-wide transcriptional reprogramming that accompanies polarization (Saaf et al, submitted-I). cDNA microarrays were used to compare the transcriptional profile of Caco-2 polarization to the gene expression profiles of normal human colon and colon tumors. The transcript profile of proliferating, non-polarized Caco-2 cells has striking parallels to the gene expression profile of human colon cancer in vivo. However, as Caco-2 cells develop polarity, the gene expression profile shifts to one more closely resembling that of normal colon tissue, suggesting that the underlying regulatory mechanisms that mediate Caco-2 cell polarization are similar to those that occur during in vivo enterocyte differentiation. We show that transcriptional re-programming of Caco-2 cells during development of cell polarity occurs in the context of signaling pathways that are regulated in a manner that is remarkably similar to those in normal intestinal development. For example, transcriptional targets of the Wnt pathway are tightly regulated during Caco-2 cell polarization, mimicking the gradient of Wnt-mediated transcription in the crypt (high expression) to villus (low expression) axis in human intestine. However, Caco-2 cells lack full-length APC necessary for normal Wnt-regulated degradation of beta-catenin. Biochemical analysis indicates that regulation of the Wnt pathway occurs in the nucleus at the level of activation of target genes by the beta-catenin-TCF complex, revealing a novel additional mechanism by which intestinal cells may regulate Wnt signaling during their maturation. In addition, other signaling pathways including Notch, BMP, Hedgehog, and growth factor, were temporally regulated during Caco-2 cell polarization. Surprisingly, modulation of these signaling pathways in Caco-2 cells occurs in the absence of morphogen gradients and interactions with stromal cells characteristic of enterocyte differentiation in situ. This dataset contains gene expression profiles of 9 normal colon samples and 15 colon tumor samples. Samples of tumor and normal colon mucosa were collected from colon cancer resection from Department of Surgery, Queen Mary Hospital University of Hong Kong. Tissue was frozen in liquid nitrogen within 30 min of resection. Nonneoplastic mucosa from colon was dissected free of muscle and histologically confirmed to be tumor free by frozen section. Total RNA was extracted using Trizol (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA) from each tissue sample and processed for microarray hybridization. A disease state experiment design type is where the state of some disease such as infection, pathology, syndrome, etc is studied. Disease State: Tumor/Normal colon samples Using regression correlation
Project description:Description: The pluripotency of an embryonic stem cell makes it an attractive target for differentiation strategies aimed at producing tissues for therapeutic purposes. Yet, even though we know that ES cells have tremendous capacity for differentiation, we do not fully understand the molecular paths taken by these cells as they differentiate. Moreover, it is unclear how the path of ES cell differentiation relates to the molecular decisions made by tissues undergoing normal development. The motivation behind this work is to increase our understanding of this relationship and its potential limitations. Overall Design: Dataset is a murine embryonic stem cell differentiation timecourse consisting of 14 timepoints spanning 17 days of differentiation. Samples were harvested at 24 hour intervals on days 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15, and 17. There two replicates of each sample. A common reference design was employed. Groups of assays that are related as part of a time series. Elapsed Time: amples were harvested on days 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15, and 17 Keywords: time_series_design Using regression correlation
Project description:This gene set contains skin fibroblasts from either labia majora of 46,XY sex reversed females having complete androgen insensitivity syndrome due to inactivation mutations of the androgen receptor gene and from the scrotum of normal males. Both, labia majora and scrotum origin from the same embryological anlagen, the labioscrotal swellings. The phenotypic difference is due to androgen dependent virilization in males. This is not possible in 46,XY patients with complete androgen insensitivity syndrome because the androgen receptor pathway is knocked out. A cell type comparison design experiment design type compares cells of different type for example different cell lines. Cell Line: genital skin fibroblasts from different locations mutant line: normal 46,XY male and 46,XY sex reversed female due to inactivating mutations of the androgen receptor gene Computed
Project description:A possible functional role of VCP/p97 during differentiation of U937 cells was addressed by siRNA-targeting of VCP/p97. Functional changes in VCP-siRNA-transfected cells following phorbol ester-induced monocytic differentiation have been examind by DNA microarray analysis. Cells transfected with the non-targeting AllStars negative siRNA (Qiagen) served as a reference. Computed
Project description:This experiment set is used for the manuscript entitled: Pharmacogenomics of Interferon-b therapy in multiple sclerosis: Baseline IFN signature determines pharmacological differences between patients. In this study we generated and analyzed pre- and post- IFNb treatment gene expression patterns of RRMS patients with the aim of identifying pre-existing and/or drug-induced signatures that will allow us to make predictions on the expected pharmacological effects of IFNb treatment. We show that the expression level of IFN response genes prior to treatment, determines the pharmacological differences between patients with MS at the molecular level. A group of 16 Dutch patients (10 females and 6 males) with clinically definite relapsing-remitting MS was recruited from the outpatient clinic of the MS Centre Amsterdam. Mean age at start of IFNb therapy is 40.6 +/- 7.7, mean EDSS is 2.3 +/- 1.3 (range 1-6). Blood samples were obtained just before treatment and 1 month after start of the therapy. Patients received Avonex, Betaferon, Rebif 22 or Rebif 44. A compound treatment design type is where the response to administration of a compound or chemical (including biological compounds such as hormones) is assayed. Compound Based Treatment: Before and 1 month after IFNb therapy Keywords: compound_treatment_design Complex