ABSTRACT: Most cell culture experiments utilize media containing fetal calf serum. Results are often interpreted regarding importance to human pathways. We studied gene expression in mouse macrophages grown in the absence of serum, and in fetal calf serum, mouse serum, and human serum using genome wide expression systems in resting conditions and after stimulation with lipopolysaccharide. We cultured mouse bone marrow derived macrophages in media containing no serum, or 5% fetal calf, or mouse or human serum. The experiment was performed in conditions without or with stimulation by LPS. We harvested the cells at 4 hours after stimulation and analyzed whole genome mRNA expression by microarray as a proxy for transcriptional responses. Three replicate experiments were performed.
Project description:In order to identify targets for HDAC4, NRVM were infected with adenoviral vectors encoding beta-Galactosidase or Flag- HDAC4, and incubated in serum free or 10% fetal calf serum containing growth medium for 48 hrs. NRVM were infected with adenoviral vectors encoding beta-Galactosidase (control) or Flag- HDAC4 (experiment), and incubated in serum free or 10% fetal calf serum containing growth medium for 48 hrs. 2 biological samples of each condition were analyzed.
Project description:Measles virus infects serum activated airway epithelial cells and many adenocarcinoma cell lines. A microarray analysis was performed on virus permissive versus non-permissive cells. Membrane protein genes that were upregulated in permissive cells were tested as receptor/entry factors. Membrane protein genes that were upregulated in smooth airway epithelial cells (SAEC) following growth in 10% fetal calf serum that made the cell line permissive to measles virus were identified. Membrane protein genes that were upregulated in adenocarcinoma cells that were permissive to wild type measles virus infection were identified. [SAEC]: Airway cells (SAEC) grown in serum free media (SAGM) were purchaced from Lonza. Half the cells were cultured in SAGM, the other half were transferred into Dulbecco's 10% fetal calf serum for 24 hrs. RNA was harvested from the cells by the Qiagen RNAeasy [Adenocarcinoma cells]: MCF7, MDA-MB-468, T47D, NCI-H358, NCI-H125, MGH24 cells were permissive and A549 and MDA-MB-231 cells were non-permissive.
Project description:In order to identify targets for HDAC4, NRVM were infected with adenoviral vectors encoding beta-Galactosidase or Flag- HDAC4, and incubated in serum free or 10% fetal calf serum containing growth medium for 48 hrs. Overall design: NRVM were infected with adenoviral vectors encoding beta-Galactosidase (control) or Flag- HDAC4 (experiment), and incubated in serum free or 10% fetal calf serum containing growth medium for 48 hrs. 2 biological samples of each condition were analyzed.
Project description:Global gene expression profiling of the avian B-lymphoma DT40 cell line was used as a model to differentiate among Btk KO and Btk KO cells reconstituted with human Btk. Differences in the gene expression pattern showed statistically significant changes between parental DT40 and all the Btk KO cell populations irrespective of whether they are reconstituted or not. These results imply that in the process of generating a knockout cell line, subclones are selected, which have multiple changes in their gene expression pattern (p<0.01). Experiment Overall Design: DT40 cells along with the mutants were grown at various time points in different batches of fetal calf serum with or without any stimulation. All experiments were repeated ten times and then polled together as one sample. In total 28 samples were used RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:Viral infections of the CNS are of increasing concern, especially among immunocompromised populations. Rodent models are often inappropriate for studies of CNS infection, as many viruses, including JC Virus (JCV) and HIV, cannot replicate in rodent cells. Consequently, human fetal brain-derived multipotential CNS progenitor cells (NPCs) that can be differentiated into neurons, oligodendrocytes, or astrocytes, have served as a model for CNS studies. NPCs can be non-productively infected by JCV, while infection of progenitor-derived astrocytes (PDAs) is robust. We profiled cellular gene expression at multiple times during differentiation of NPCs to PDAs. Several activated transcription factors show commonality between cells of the brain in which JCV replicates and lymphocytes in which JCV is likely latent. Bioinformatic analysis determined transcription factors that may influence the favorable transcriptional environment for JCV in PDAs. This study attempts to provide a framework for understanding the functional transcriptional profile necessary for productive JCV infection. 19 Human samples: 4 Human Fetal Brain NPC 0h, 4 Human Fetal Brain NPC in Serum 1h, 4 Human Fetal Brain NPC in Serum 1d, 4 Human Fetal Brain NPC in Serum 7d, 3 Human Fetal Brain NPC in Serum 30d.
Project description:Pulmonary fibrosis develops as a consequence of environmentally induced lung injury and/or an inherent disease susceptibility causing fibroblast activation, proliferation and extracellular matrix deposition. The study was undertaken to characterise global gene expression in pulmonary fibroblasts to better understand the mechanisms underlying the fibrotic fibroblast phenotype. Gene expression was evaluated in lung fibroblasts derived from ten controls (normal periphery of resected tumor), open lung biopsies from eight patients with interstitial lung disease associated with systemic sclerosis (fibrotic non specific interstitial pneumonia pattern on biopsy), and from three patients with usual interstitial pneumonia. Lung fibroblasts were grown to confluence in DMEM with 10% fetal calf serum. At confluence, lung fibroblasts were serum-deprived for 44 hours in the presence of fibroblast growth medium with the addition of 0.1% bovine serum albumin (Sigma).
Project description:Full title: Expression data from human primary subcutaneous preadipocytes treated with glucocorticoids prior to the initiation of differentiation. Preadipocytes are continuously exposed to glucocorticoids in situ due to both steroid present in the circulatory system as well as adipose tissue specific 11βHSD1 activity. While the effects of glucocorticoids during differentiation are well studied, the effect of exposure of preadipocytes to glucocorticoids prior to differentiation is unknown. We therefore treated confluent human primary preadipocytes drived from subcutaneous adipose tissue with the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone for 48 hours prior to the initiation of differentiation and assessed what effect this had on their subsequent potential to differentiate. We found that pretreatment with glucocorticoids had a priming effect and resulted in increased differentiation of these preadipocytes. Furthermore, this treatment was additive to the effects of glucocorticoids during the initial phase of adipogenesis. Microarray analysis performed subsequent to the pretreatment with glucocorticoids (at the time point at which preadipocytes would have been induced to differentiate) identified glucocorticoid-responsive, candidate genes whose altered expression could mediate these effects. keywords: glucocorticoids, glucocorticoid receptor, preadipocytes, adipogenesis, human primary preadipocytes, subcutaneous, adipose tissue Experiment Overall Design: Human subcutaneous primary preadipocytes were purchased from Zen-Bio Inc. Preadipocytes from 5 female donors (average BMI 22.5±0.2kg/m2) were pooled prior to the initial seeding in T75 flasks. Cells were maintained at 5% CO2 in DMEM with 1.0g/L glucose, 20% calf serum, 100U/ml penicillin, 100mg/ml streptomycin and 50U/ml nystatin. Cells were expanded once prior to seeding in Nunc-brand 12-well dishes. Upon reaching confluence (24 h post-splitting), preadipocytes were stimulated with vehicle or 1uM dex for 48 hours in growth media containing 3% calf serum. Microarray analysis was performed on duplicate samples.
Project description:Examine the possible pro-inflammatory gene effects of alloantibody and complement on endothelial cells Microarray 3 Experiment performed three times on three separate microarrays using three separate HUVEC and PRA donors. In each experiment, there are four groups of HUVEC with three replicates per group treated for 4 hours in gelatin veronal buffer containing either complement-inactivated PRA serum, vehicle (gelatin veronal buffer), PRA serum, or non-PRA serum
Project description:The objective of this study is to study the Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3)-dependent gene expression in human fibroblast cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) Fibroblast cells and PBMCs from donors with autosomal recessive (AR) complete TLR3 deficiency and autosomal dominant (AD) partial TLR3 deficiency were collected for microarray analysis to measure the transcriptional responsiveness of TLR3 in fibroblast and PBMCs. A total of 3 healthy controls, 1 AD TLR3-deficient patient, 1 AR TLR3-deficient patient, 1 AR UNC-93B-deficient patient, 1 MyD88 deficient patien were used in this study. The fibroblast cells were cultured in DMEM medium supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum (FCS). The PBMCs were cultured in RPMI medium complemented with 10% FCS. Different kinetics (2 hours and 8 hours) of poly(I:C) (25ug/ml, purchased from Amersham) stimulations were performed, aiming to define TLR3-inducible genes in these human cells. A stimulation of IL-1β (20ng/ml, purchased from R&D system Inc.) was used as a positive activation control with same kinetics of stimulations. A total of one million cells per stimulation were used for fibroblasts, and around 1.5 million cells per stimulation for PBMCs.