Expression data from naive and memory CD8 T cells cultured in presence or absence of IL-4
ABSTRACT: Effects of IL-4 on CD8 T cells functions are largely unknown. IL-4 induces survival and proliferation of CD8 T cells, but several studies suggest that IL-4 could also affect several functions of CD8 T cells such as cytotoxicity. Our team has shown that IL-4 repress the expression of Ccl5 in vitro. To define more precisely the impact of IL-4 on CD8 T cells, we performed a whole genome expression microarray analysis of naive and memory CD8 T cells cultured in presence or absence of IL-4. This approach allowed us to define the IL4-gene-expression signature on CD8 T cells. 18 samples were processed. Two populations of F5 naive CD8 T cells were FACS-sorted: samples from each population were incubated 20 hours with IL-7 in presence or absence of IL-4. Thus, a total of 6 “Naive” samples were processed. In addition, 4 populations of F5 TIM memory CD8 T cells were FACS-sorted: samples from 2 of these populations were incubated 20 hours in presence of IL-7 and/or IL-4, or in medium alone. Thus, 12 “Memory” samples were processed.
Project description:The transcriptional profile of CD8+ naive T cells was compared from F5 transgenic mice expressing normal IL-7R or a conditional IL-7R alpha that was either switched on, or switched off for different amounts of time.
Project description:The transcriptome of naive OT-I T cells was compared to memory CD8 T cells after 1, 2, 3, or 4 infection with ovalbumin expressing Listeria monocytogenes (LM-OVA). Naive Thy1.1 OT-I T cells were adoptively transferred into Thy1.2 naive hosts prior to infection with LM-OVA. The resulting memory CD8 T cell population was again adoptively transferred into naive hosts and the recipient mice were again infected with LM-OVA. The adoptive transfer was repeated up to four times to generate memory CD8 T cells with up to four consecutive antigen stimulations. Three individual mice were analyzed for each group. For quaternary memory CD8 T cells, spleens from two to three mice were pooled for each sample. Naive OT-I T cells served as control samples. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2010.06.014
Project description:Transcriptome analysis comparing naive and Listeria monocytogenes-induced spleen memory CD8 T lymphocytes were conducted to identify key functions associated with memory CD8-mediated immune protection. Gene expression analysis was performed on quiescent and re-stimulated CD8 T cells. Overall design: Listeria monocytogenes-induced memory cells (LM-memory) were generated in C57BL/6J mice that received naive NP68-specific F5xLy5.1 CD8+ T cells one day before i.v. infection with 3000 Listeria monocytogenes bacteria expressing NP68 epitope. Specific memory F5 CD8 T cells from spleens were FACS-sorted at least 6 weeks after immunization. Naive F5 CD8 T cells were purified from naive F5 mice. Purified CD8 T cells were stimulated with NP68 peptide (restimulated condition, R) or not (homeostatic condition, H) for 2 hours.
Project description:Transcriptome analysis comparing naive, protective and non-protective spleen memory CD8 T lymphocytes were conducted to identify key functions associated with memory CD8-mediated immune protection. Memory CD8 T cells generated in response to influenza or vaccinia infection (Flu-memory and VV-memory) were compared to inflammatory memory cells (TIM) that were generated by peptide in inflammatory context. Gene expression analysis was performed on quiescent and re-stimulated CD8 T cells. Overall design: Influenza or Vaccinia virus induced memory cells (Flu-TM or VV-TM) were generated in C57BL/6J mice that received naive NP68-specific F5xLy5.1 CD8+ T cells one day before intranasal infection with Flu-NP68 or VV-NP68. Specific memory F5 CD8 T cells from spleens were FACS-sorted at least 6 weeks after immunization. T Inflammatory memory (TIM) cells were generated by i.p. injection of NP68 peptide in naive thymectomized F5 mice. Purified CD8 T cells were stimulated with NP68 peptide (restimulated condition, R) or not (homeostatic condition, H) for 2 hours
Project description:The pool of memory-phenotype CD8 T cells is composed of antigen-induced (AI) and cytokine-induced innate (IN) cells. Pathogen-induced AI memory cells can be distinguished from naturally-generated IN memory cells by surface expression of NKG2D. AI also differ from IN memory CD8 T cells by their capacity to migrate to the lung parenchyma upon inflammation or infection, a process dependent on their expression of ITGA1/CD49a and ITGA4/CD49d integrins. We used microarrays to identify gene expression signatures that distinguish antigen-induced (AI) from cytokine-induced innate (IN) memory cells. Overall design: AI and IN memory CD8 T cells (CD8+CD44+) were sorted from naive or vaccinia primed C57Bl/6 mice based on the expression of NKG2D. Tcr Transgenic F5 CD8 T cells were transferred in naive mice before intra-nasal infection with vaccinia virus. Memory CD8 T cells F5, AI and IN were isolated from the same pool of infected mice, in the memory phase, i.e. at least 80 days post infection. CD8 T cell samples were purified from a pool of 3 to 8 spleens. 4 to 5 biological replicates were performed for each experimental condition.
Project description:This experiment compared the expression of mRNAs and noncoding RNAs between naive and memory CD8+ T cells, with the primary aim of identifying noncoding RNAs that were dynamically regulated during T cell differentiation.
Project description:The interleukin-23 (IL-23) pathway plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of multiple chronic inflammatory disorders, however, inter-individual variability in IL-23-induced signal transduction in circulating human lymphocytes has not been well-defined. In this study, we observed marked, reproducible inter-individual differences in IL-23 responsiveness (measured by STAT3 phosphorylation) in peripheral blood CD8+CD45RO+ memory T and CD3+CD56+ NKT cells. To define mechanisms that might be contributing to the differential IL-23-induced STAT3 activation between individuals, we examined mRNA expression differences in CD8+CD45RO+ memory T cells between IL-23 responsive and non-responsive individuals. We analyzed unstimulated and IL-23 stimulated FACS sorted CD8+CD45RO+ memory T cells from two individuals demonstrating robust IL-23 responsiveness, and two individuals demonstrating low IL-23 responsiveness, using the Affymetrix Human Exon 1.0 ST platform. Array data was processed by Affymetrix Expression Console software. No techinical replicates were performed.
Project description:Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by vascular damage, and fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. Because activated and oligoclonally expanded CD8+ T cells can be detected in peripheral blood and lung of SSc patients, effector memory CD8+ T cells may play a critical role for organ involvement in SSc; however, the pathogenic functions of effector memory CD8+ T cells remain incompletely understood. Here we performed DNA microarray analysis of the sort-purified effector memory CD8+ T cells from SSc patients and healthy controls, and showed that the expression of genes related to immune response and cell adhesion, including CD226 (also known as DNAX accessory molecule-1, DNAM-1), was significantly altered. Moreover, detailed analysis of CD226 revealed that CD226highCD8+ T cells were increased in SSc patients (mean, 50.7%) compared with healthy controls (32.9%) and were appreciably associated with the severity of skin sclerosis and interstitial lung disease. Further, CD226highCD8+ T cells from SSc patients produced abundant IL-13 and were positively correlated with the cytotoxic capacity of CD8+ T cells against HUVECs. Finally, the neutralization of CD226 impaired IL-13 production and cytolysis against HUVECs. These findings indicate that upregulated CD226 expression on CD8+ T cells reflects disease severity and are involved in SSc pathogenesis via the production of profibrotic IL-13 and endothelial cell injury, and that CD226 may be a useful target in the treatment of SSc. We first purified effector memory CD8+ T cells (CD3+CD8+CD45RO+CD62L+ cells) from peripheral blood by cell sorting and subsequently performed cDNA microarray analysis of the sort-purified effector memory CD8+ T cells from 9 SSc patients and 5 healthy controls.
Project description:During acute viral infections, naïve CD8+ T cells differentiate into effector CD8+ T cells and, after viral control, into memory CD8+ T cells. Memory CD8+ T cells are highly functional, proliferate rapidly upon reinfection and persist long-term without antigen. In contrast, during chronic infections, CD8+ T cells become “exhausted” and have poor effector function, express multiple inhibitory receptors, possess low proliferative capacity, and cannot persist without antigen. To compare the development of functional memory T cells with poorly functional exhausted T cells, we generated longitudinal transcriptional profiles for each. Naive CD44Lo CD8+ T cells were isolated and sorted from uninfected C57BL/6 mice and H2-Db GP33-specific CD8+ T cells were sorted using MHC-I tetramers at d6, 8, 15, and 30 p.i. with either LCMV Arm or LCMV clone 13. RNA from these CD8+ T cells was processed, amplified, labeled, and hybridized to Affymetrix GeneChip MoGene 1.0 st microarrays
Project description:Memory T cells (TM) play a prominent role in protection and auto-immunity due to their ability to mount a more effective response than naïve T cells (TN). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying enhanced functionality of TM are not well defined, particularly in human TM. We examined the global gene expression profiles of human CD8+ TN and TM before and after stimulation. There were 1,284, 1,373 and 1,629 differentially expressed genes between TN and TM at 0 hr, 4 hr and 24 hr after stimulation, respectively, with more genes expressed to higher levels in TM. Genes rapidly up-regulated in TN cells were largely involved in nitrogen, nucleoside and amino acid metabolisms. In contrast, those in CD8+ TM were significantly enriched for immune-response-associated processes, including cytokine production, lymphocyte activation and chemotaxis. Multiple cytokines were rapidly up-regulated in TM cells, including effector cytokines known to be produced by CD8+ T cells and important for their functions, as well as regulatory cytokines, both pro- and anti-inflammatory, that are not typically produced by CD8+ T cells. These results provide new insights into molecular mechanisms that contribute to the enhanced functionality of human CD8+ TM and their prominent role in protection and auto-immunity. Naïve and memory phenotype CD8 T cells were purified by FACS from healthy individuals and cultured in vitro with the stimulation of anti-CD3/CD28 mAbs for 0 hr, 4 hr and 24 hr. Total RNA was purified from un-stimulated and stimulated naive and memory CD8 T cells and hybridized to individual single-color arrays.The purification and stimulation protocol was performed two independent times.