ABSTRACT: In this study, we examined differential gene expression in naïve human CD4+ T cells, as well as in effector Th1, Th17-negative and Th17-enriched CD4- T cell subsets. We observed a marked enrichment for increased gene expression in effector CD4+ T cells compared to naive CD4+ among immune-mediated disease oci genes. Within effector T cells, expression of disease-associated genes was increased in Th17-enriched compared to Th17-negative cells. We used microarray to examine the gene expresssion profile and level of human naïve, Th1 and effector T cell subsets. Human PBMCs were isolated and sorted to naïve, CD161-CCR6- and CD161+CCR6+ memory T cells. Naïve T cells were differentiatied to Th1 cells, and CD161-CCR6- and CD161+CCR6+ memory T cells were in vitro expanded for Th17-negative and Th17-enriched effector T cells. The gene profile was compared among naive, Th1, Th17-negative, and Th17-enriched cell subsets.
Project description:In this study, we examined differential gene expression in naïve human CD4+ T cells, as well as in effector Th1, Th17-negative and Th17-enriched CD4- T cell subsets. We observed a marked enrichment for increased gene expression in effector CD4+ T cells compared to naive CD4+ among immune-mediated disease oci genes. Within effector T cells, expression of disease-associated genes was increased in Th17-enriched compared to Th17-negative cells. We used microarray to examine the gene expresssion profile and level of human naïve, Th1 and effector T cell subsets. Overall design: Human PBMCs were isolated and sorted to naïve, CD161-CCR6- and CD161+CCR6+ memory T cells. Naïve T cells were differentiatied to Th1 cells, and CD161-CCR6- and CD161+CCR6+ memory T cells were in vitro expanded for Th17-negative and Th17-enriched effector T cells. The gene profile was compared among naive, Th1, Th17-negative, and Th17-enriched cell subsets.
Project description:Human T-cells that express CXCR5 and/or CCR6 provide help to naive B-cells for IgG production. To understand the molecular pathways that are shared or unique to individual B helper T-cell subsets in human peripheral blood, CD4+IL-7R+CD25-/lo helper T-cells were purified according to the expression of CXCR5, CCR6, CXCR3, CD161 and CCR5 as follows: 1) TFH17(CD161-): CXCR5+CXCR6+CXCR3-CD161- 2) Th17: CXCR5-CCR6+CXCR3-, CD161+ or CCR5+ 3) CCR6”SP”: CXCR5-CCR6+CXCR3-CD161-CCR5- RNA-seq was performed with FACS-purified T-cell subsets from 3 healthy individuals.
Project description:Samples in this study probe the gene expression kinetics in human CCR6+ Th17 memory T cells activated under Th17 condition. Human CCR6+ Th17 memory T cells were purified from PBMC and gene expression was studied over a time course of 3 days after activation under Th17 condition. RNA from these samples was also profiled using RNA-Seq to compare different transcriptome profiling technologies. PBMCs were purified from whole blood from a healthy donor. CD4+ cells were isolated by negative selection, followed by CCR6+ purification by positive selection. Two replicates of 6 time points were taken following stimulation in Th17 polarizing conditions. This submission represents microarray component of study.
Project description:We wish to show that Th2A cells have a distinct gene expression profile compared to Th2 cells in allergic subjects Overall design: We sorted conventional Th1 cells (CXCR3+ CCR4- CCR6-), conventional Th17 cells (CCR6+), Th2A cells (CRTH2+ CD161+ CD49d+ CD27- CD45RB-) and conventional Th2+ cells (CRTH2+ CD161-) from the PBMC of 3 subject pools. Each pool consisted of cells from 2-3 allergic donors. Sorted TH subsets were stimulated for 6 hours with anti-CD3/CD28 beads (Life Technologies, STIM samples) or left unstimulated (CTRL samples) prior to extraction of RNA (RNeasy Mini kit; Qiagen).
Project description:The aim of this study was to identify differentially-expressed genes in CCR4hi/CXCR3- and CCR4lo CXCR3+ CCR6+ human Th17 cell subsets Human CD45RO+ memory T cells isolated from the peripheral blood of healthy adult donors were sorted into 4 predominant CCR7lo CD25- effector memory subsets: (1) Th1 - CCR6- CCR4lo CXCR3+; (2) Th2 - CCR6- CCR4hi CXCR3+; (3) Th17 - CCR6+ CCR4hi CXCR3-; (4) Th17.1 - CCR6+ CCR4lo CXCR3-. Sorted cells were cultured in media and activated via anti-CD3/anti-CD28 beads for 36 hours. All subsets were then harvested and used for RNA extraction and microarray experiments. Th1 vs Th2; Th1 vs Th17; Th1 vs Th17.1; Th2 vs Th17; Th2 vs Th17.1; Th17 vs Th17.1
Project description:Mechanisms by which regulatory T (Treg) cells fail to control inflammation in asthma remain poorly understood. We show that a severe asthma-associated polymorphism in the interleukin-4 receptor alpha chain (IL-4Rα-R576) biases induced Treg (iTreg) cells towards a T helper 17 (TH17) cell fate. This skewing reflects the recruitment by IL-4Rα-R576 of the adaptor protein growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (GRB2), which drives IL-17 expression by an extracellular signal-regulated kinase-, IL-6- and STAT3-dependent mechanism. We showed that the IL-4Rα-R576 mutation elicits TH17 airway responses in vivo, in a house dust mite (HDM)- or ovalbumin (OVA)-driven model of airway inflammation in the mice carry the IL-4Rα-R576 mutation (Il4raR576 mice). Treg cell-specific deletion of genes encoding IL-6Rα or the master TH17 cell regulator Retinoid-related Orphan Receptor γt (RORγt), but not IL-4 and IL-13, protected mice against exacerbated airway inflammation induced by IL-4Rα--576. Analysis of lung tissue Treg cells revealed that the expression of IL-17 and the TH17 cell-associated chemokine receptor CCR6 was largely overlapping and highly enriched in Treg and conventional T (Tconv) cells of allergen-treated Il4raR576 mice. To further characterize the subset of IL-17 producing Foxp3+ Treg in the lung of OVA-treated mice we utilized CCR6 as a marker of Treg cells committed towards the TH17 cell lineage to examine their functional, epigenetic and transcriptional profiles. CCR6+Foxp3EGFP+ Treg cells isolated from OVA-sensitized and challenged Il4raR576 mice, by FACS (Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorting) exhibited decreased methylation of the Foxp3 CNS2 locus comparing to CCR6–Foxp3EGFP+ Treg cells from same animals, indicative of decreased stability. They also exhibited profoundly decreased suppressive function as compared to CCR6– WT and CCR6– Il4raR576 counterparts. Transcriptional profiling of CCR6+Foxp3EGFP+ Treg cells revealed increased relative expression in CCR6+ Il4raR576 Treg cells of genes associated with a TH17 cell signature, including Rorc, Ccr6, Il23r, Il17a, Il17f, Il1r1, Nr1d1, Cstl, and Ahr comparing to CCR6–Foxp3EGFP+ Treg cells from same animals. Three CCR6+Foxp3EGFP+ Il4raR576 replicates and four CCR6–Foxp3EGFP+ Il4raR576 Treg replicates (controls) were sampled
Project description:The aim of this study was to identify differential gene expression in lung T cell subsets upon germline Serpinb1a ablation. CD8-CD19- lymphocytes enriched by negative selection from digested lungs of naïve, 9-12 week old wild-type 129S6 mice or Serpinb1a homozygous null mice were FACS sorted into CD4+ CCR6+ effector/ memory T cells, gd T cells, or CD4+ CD25hiCD127low regulatory T cells. FACS sorted cells were collected into RLT buffer (Qiagen) directly, lysed, and total mRNA was isolated using Quiagen's RNeasy mini kit. Wild-type vs. Serpinb1a-/- gd+ T cells, CD4+ CCR6+ effector/ memory T cells, or CD4+ CD25hiCD127low regulatory T cells
Project description:We previously reported that CCR4+CCR6+Th17 cells are permissive to HIV, while CXCR3+CCR6- Th1 cells are relatively resistant. To identify molecular mechanisms underlying these differences, we performed a genome-wide transcriptional profiling in CXCR3+CCR6-Th1, CCR4+CCR6-Th2, CCR4+CCR6+Th17, and CXCR3+CCR6+Th1Th17 upon TCR triggering. Transcriptional differences between Th17 and Th1 were the most remarkable. HIV-DNA integration was highly efficient in Th17 versus Th1 upon exposure to both wild-type and VSV-G-pseudotyped HIV, indicative that post-entry mechanisms contribute to HIV permissiveness. 4 cell populations from up to 5 donors for a total of 19 samples.
Project description:Host defense against diverse pathogens involves the recruitment and differentiation of CD4+ T effector subsets including T helper 1 (Th1), Th2, Th17 and induced regulatory T (Treg) cells. Surface phenotype studies have revealed subset-specific surface markers for the identification and purification of human primary CD4+ T effector subsets. In the present study, we aimed to characterize the mRNA and large intergenic non-coding RNA (lincRNA) expression differences between human primary CD4+ T effector subsets and identify potential subset-specific genes. To achieve this goal, mRNA and lincRNA microarray profiling of flow cytometry-sorted human primary Th1, Th2, Th17 and Treg cells was performed. Principal component and pathway analyses revealed subset-specific gene expression patterns. A Th2-specific lincRNA, GATA3-AS1, also termed FLJ45983, was identified in primary immune cells and tissues, as well as in in vitro polarized CD4+ T effector subsets. Further analysis showed that GATA3-AS1 was a potential diagnostic marker in allergy, a Th2-associated disease. This first systematic genome-wide analysis of gene expression differences between primary CD4+ T effector subsets may help to identify novel regulatory protein-coding genes and lincRNAs regulating CD4+ T cell subset differentiation, as well as potential diagnostic markers. As an example, we identified a GATA3-associated Th2-specific marker lincRNA GATA3-AS1. Gene expression microarray analysis of flow-cytometry sorted human primary naïve CD4+ T cells, CD4+ T central memory cells, Th1, Th2, Th17 and Treg cells from buffy coat of four healthy controls Gene expression microarray analysis was performed using SurePrint G3 Human Gene Expression 8X60K microarray.
Project description:Th17 cells act as the first line of defense against pathogens at mucosal surfaces. Their paucity during HIV infection causes disease progression. Here, we reveal the existence of two new CCR6+CD161+ subsets, CCR4-CXCR3- (DN; double negative) and CCR4+CXCR3+ (DP; double positive), expressing typical Th17 transcripts (e.g., RORγt, RORα, PTPN13, ARNTL), C. albicans specificity, and exhibiting Th17-lineage commitment versus flexibility. 4 cell populations from up to 6 donors for a total of 20 samples.