R. sphaeroides Δirr -Fe vs. R. sphaeroides Δirr +Fe under microaerobic conditions
ABSTRACT: Transcriptional profiling of R. sphaeroides Δirr under iron limitation (-Fe) compared to control R. sphaeroides Δirr under normal growth conditions (+Fe). Two strain experiment under normal iron (+Fe) and iron limitation (-Fe) conditions. 6 Biological replicates, independently grown and harvested at OD660=0,4; 1-3 pooled in replicate 1, 4-6 pooled in replicate 2
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE33533: R. sphaeroides Δirr -Fe vs. R. sphaeroides Δirr +Fe under microaerobic conditions GSE33534: R. sphaeroides Δirr vs. R. sphaeroides 2.4.1 under microaerobic conditions Refer to individual Series
Project description:High intracellular levels of unbound iron can contribute to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the Fenton reaction, while depletion of iron limits the availability of iron containing proteins, some of which have important functions in the oxidative stress defense. Vice versa increased ROS levels lead to damage of proteins with iron sulfur centers. Thus organisms have to coordinate and balance their responses to oxidative stress and iron availability. Our knowledge on the molecular mechanisms underlying the coregulation of these responses is still limited. To discriminate between a direct cellular response to iron limitation and indirect responses, which are the consequence of increased levels of ROS, we compared the response of the alpha proteobacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides to iron limitation in presence or absence of oxygen. While some genes respond to iron limitation exclusively or much stronger in presence of oxygen, other genes show much stronger response in anaerobic conditions. Remarkably few genes show even opposite response to iron depletion in presence or absence of iron. RNA samples collected from anaerobically grown cultures in presence or absence of iron were analyzed by two-color microarrays
Project description:Investigation of whole genome gene expression level changes in a Nitrosomonas europaea (ATCC 19718) wildtype and pFur::Kan mutant [kanamycin resistance cassette insertion in the promoter region of the fur gene (NE0616)] strains grown in Fe-replete and Fe-limited media. The Nitrosomonas europaea (ATCC 19718) wiltype cells grown in Fe-limited media were compared to cells grown in Fe-replete media to gain a better understanding of the metabolic changes occurring in response to iron stress. The Nitrosomonas europaea (ATCC 19718) pFur::Kan mutant strain grown in Fe-replete & Fe-limited media were compared to wildtype cells grown in Fe=replete & Fe-limited media to gain a better understanding of the role Fur (NE0616) plays in iron homeostasis control. A 4-plex 3 chip study using total RNA recovered from three separate wild-type cultures each of N. europaea grown in Fe-replete media and Fe-limited media and three seperate cultures each of N. europaea pFur::Kan mutant strain grown in Fe-replete and Fe-limited media. Each chip measures the expression level of 2368 genes from Nitrosomonas europaea (ATCC19718) with 4 X 72,000 60-mer 14 probe pairs per gene, with two-fold technical redundancy.
Project description:High intracellular levels of unbound iron can contribute to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the Fenton reaction, while depletion of iron limits the availability of iron containing proteins, some of which have important functions in the oxidative stress defense. Vice versa increased ROS levels lead to damage of proteins with iron sulfur centers. Thus organisms have to coordinate and balance their responses to oxidative stress and iron availability. Our knowledge on the molecular mechanisms underlying the coregulation of these responses is still limited. To discriminate between a direct cellular response to iron limitation and indirect responses, which are the consequence of increased levels of ROS, we compared the response of the alpha proteobacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides to iron limitation in presence or absence of oxygen. While some genes respond to iron limitation exclusively or much stronger in presence of oxygen, other genes show much stronger response in anaerobic conditions. Remarkably few genes show even opposite response to iron depletion in presence or absence of iron. RNA samples collected from anaerobically or microaerobically grown cultures in presence or absence of iron were analyzed by RNA_sequencing
Project description:Diatoms, which are responsible for up to 40% of the 45 to 50 billion metric tons of organic carbon production each year in the sea, are particularly sensitive to Fe stress. Here we describe the transcriptional response of the pennate diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum to Fe limitation using a partial genome microarray based on EST and genome sequence data. Processes carried out by components rich in Fe, such as photosynthesis, mitochondrial electron transport and nitrate assimilation are down-regulated to cope with the reduced cellular iron quota. This retrenchment is compensated by nitrogen (N) and carbon (C) reallocation from protein and storage carbohydrate degradation, adaptations to chlorophyll biosynthesis and pigment metabolism, removal of excess electron s by mitochondrial alternative oxidase (AOX), augmented Fe-independent oxidative stress responses, and sensitized iron capture mechanisms. Keywords: Marine phytoplankton, pinnate diatom Wild-type Phaeodactylum tricornutum was grown under Fe replete (10,000 nM) and Fe limiting (5nM) conditions. Partial genome gene expression analysis of iron-inducible genes was conducted using a two-color competitive hybridization microarray.
Project description:Iron-sulphur (Fe-S) clusters are ensembles of iron and sulphide centres. They are found in all life forms and are important components of many enzymes involved in diverse cellular processes, including respiration, DNA synthesis or gene regulation. However, the increase in oxygen after the emergence of oxygenic photosynthesis created a threat to Fe–S proteins and, consequently, to the organisms relying on them. Therefore, bacteria have evolved mechanisms to maintain a precise intracellular iron concentration. A major role of IscR in R. sphaeroides iron dependent regulation was suggested in a bioinformatic study , which predicted a binding site in the upstream regions of several iron uptake genes. Most known IscR proteins have Fe-S clusters featuring (Cys)3(His)1 ligation. However, IscR proteins from Rhodobacteraceae harbour only one Cys residue and it was considered unlikely that they can ligate an Fe-S cluster. In this study, the role of R. sphaeroides IscR as transcriptional regulator and sensor of the Fe-S cluster status of the cell was analysed. The results provide evidence that R. sphaeroides IscR functions as transcriptional repressor of genes involved in iron metabolism by binding to the predicted DNA binding motif. Furthermore, IscR possesses a unique Fe-S cluster ligation scheme with only a single cysteine involved. RNA samples collected from a control strain (wild type 2.4.1) and of the iscR deletion strain (2.4.1∆iscR) were analyzed by two-color microarrays
Project description:We used RNA-Seq to compare the transcriptomes of Fe-replete vs. Fe-deficient vs. Fe-limited Chlamydomonas wild-type cells. Our RNA-Seq data revealed 90 and 49 genes to be specifically expressed under hetero-phototrophic and phototrophic conditions, respectively. Around 30 genes represent putative Fe-deficiency targets, independent of the carbon source used. Many of these Fe-specific responses are conserved between Chlamydomonas and land plants. We identified several transporters (NRAMP4, a CCC1-like proteins and a ferroportin homologue) all of them most likely being involved in intracellular Fe redistribution. RNA-seq of Chlamydomonas Fe-deficient and limited cells indicated that about 40% of differentially expressed genes represent proteins of unknown functions. Whereas Fe-deficiency gave us insides into putative Fe-specific responses, Fe-limitation revealed responses related to increased oxidative stress. Quantitative proteomics on the soluble Chlamydomonas extracts indicated a fair correlation between changes we detected at mRNA levels compared to changes in protein levels in Fe-deficient and Fe-limited Chlamydomonas. We found that Fe-deficient and Fe-limited cells have increased ascorbate levels, a major antioxidant molecule in plants. Ascorbate levels appear to be elevated by de novo synthesis via the L-Galactose pathway and recycling by monodehydroascorbate reductase. Fe-limited cells showed increased transcript and protein levels of enzymatic antioxidant components of the ascorbate-glutathione scavenging system (MSD3, MDAR1 or GSH1). Fe-limited cells showed the increase of several proteases indicative of elevated proteolitic activity under these severe nutrient limitation conditions. Sampling of Chlamydomonas CC-1021 (2137) cells cultivated photoheterotrophically (TAP) or phototrophically (minimal) under Fe-replete (20mM), Fe-deficient (1 mM) and Fe-limited (0.25 mM) conditions.
Project description:Transcription profiling of citrus rootstock Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf. Keywords: Abiotic stress (Iron chlorosis) Total RNA from four replicates for each sample category (Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf watered for 60 days with 18 uM Fe-EDDHA or without Fe-EDDHA) were generated and compared.
Project description:Whole-genome DNA microarray analysis of Geobacter sulfurreducens cells grown on Fe(III)-oxide or Mn(IV)-oxide versus cells grown on soluble Fe(III) citrate indicated that there were significant differences in transcription patterns during growth on the insoluble metal oxides compared to growth on soluble Fe(III). Many of the genes that appeared to be up-regulated during growth on the metal hydroxides were involved in electron transport. The most highly up-regulated genes for both conditions were omcS and omcT, which encode co-transcribed c-type cytochromes exposed on the outer surface of the cell that are known to be required for Fe(III) and Mn(IV)-oxide reduction. Other electron transport genes that were up-regulated on both insoluble metals included the gene coding for the outer membrane c-type cytochrome, OmcG, genes for the outer membrane proteins, OmpB and OmpC, and the gene that codes for the structural protein of electrically conductive pili, PilA. Genes that were up-regulated in cells grown on Fe(III)-oxide but not Mn(IV)-oxide, included outer membrane c-type cytochromes including OmcE, a putative DMSO reductase protein, and proteins from the cytochrome bc1 complex. Electron transport genes that were only up-regulated in Mn(IV)-oxide grown cells included the genes that code for the outer membrane c-type cytochromes, OmcZ and OmcB, the periplasmic c-type cytochrome, MacA, and fumarate reductase. Genetic studies indicated that the c-type cytochrome proteins, PpcH, OmcJ, OmcM, OmcV, MacA, OmcF, OmcI, and OmcQ, and the iron sulfur subunit of the cytochrome b/b6 complex, QcrA, are important for reduction of insoluble Fe(III)-oxides but do not appear to be important for Mn(IV) reduction. These results demonstrate that the physiology of Fe(III) reducing bacteria differ significantly during growth on insoluble electron and soluble electron acceptors and emphasizes the importance of c-type cytochromes in extracellular electron transfer in G. sulfurreducens. Geobacter sulfurreducens cells were grown with acetate (5 mM) provided as the electron donor and either Fe(III) oxide or Fe(III) citrate provided as the electron acceptor. Cells were harvested at mid-log and total RNA was extracted. Total RNA (0.5 μg) was amplified using the MessageAmp II-Bacteria Kit (Ambion, Foster City, CA) according to the manufacturers instructions. Ten micrograms of amplified RNA (aRNA) was chemically labeled with Cy3 (for the control or soluble electron acceptor condition) or Cy5 (for the experimental or insoluble electron acceptor condition) dye using the MicroMax ASAP RNA Labeling Kit (Perkin Elmer, Wellesley, MA) according to the manufacturer’s instructions. RNA samples from three biological replicates were hybridized in duplicate on 12K Combimatrix antisense-detecting arrays. The experimental condition (DL1 grown with Fe(III) oxide as acceptor) was labeled with cy5, the control condition (DL1 grown with Fe(III) citrate as acceptor) was labeled with cy3
Project description:au15-01_iron-fit - fe-fit-diff_6d - Changes in gene expression profiles between fit knock-out, wild-type and FIT overexpressor seedlings under sufficient iron supply and under iron deficiency. - Col-0, HA-FIT and fit-3. 21 dye-swap - gene knock in (transgenic),gene knock out,treated vs untreated comparison