Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

4

A central role for TFIID in the pluripotent transcription circuitry [PP003]


ABSTRACT: Pluripotent stem cells can be isolated from early embryos or induced by cell fusion, somatic nuclear transfer, or expression of a selected set of transcription factors. Embryonic stem (ES) cells are characterized by an open chromatin configuration and high transcription levels achieved via autoregulatory and feed-forward transcription factor loops. How the general transcription machinery is involved in pluripotency is unclear. Here, we show that TFIID knockdown affected the pluripotent circuitry in ES cells and inhibited reprogramming of fibroblasts. TFIID and pluripotency factors form a feed-forward loop to induce and maintain a stable transcription state. Strikingly, transient expression of TFIID subunits greatly enhanced reprogramming by Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc reaching efficiencies upto 50%. These results show that TFIID is a critical and selective component for transcription factor-mediated reprogramming. We anticipate that by creating plasticity in gene expression programs, basal transcription complexes such as TFIID assist reprogramming into different cellular states. Three iPS lines, iPS#1, iPS#4, and iPS#5 were used in duplicate for microarray analysis against a pool of RNA from ES-cells.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Frank C Holstege   A M Altelaar  W P Pijnappel  Marian Groot Koerkamp  Hermann vom Bruch  Marijke P Baltissen  Katrin Sameith  Atze J Bergsma  Guangming Wu  Daniel Esch  Dong W Han  Nikolai Mischerikow  Sören Moritz  Albert J Heck  Dik van Leenen 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-33645 | ArrayExpress | 2013-03-21

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE33645PRJNA154311

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Embryonic stem (ES) cells are pluripotent and characterized by open chromatin and high transcription levels, achieved through auto-regulatory and feed-forward transcription factor loops. ES-cell identity is maintained by a core of factors including Oct4 (also known as Pou5f1), Sox2, Klf4, c-Myc (OSKM) and Nanog, and forced expression of the OSKM factors can reprogram somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) resembling ES cells. These gene-specific factors for RNA-polymerase-II-m  ...[more]

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