The HER2 amplicon includes several genes required for the growth and survival of HER2 positive breast cancer cells
ABSTRACT: Array-CGH experiments of HER2+ breast cancer cell lines grown under standard conditions. All hybridizations performed using pooled normal female DNA as reference. 11 cell lines profiled in total, 10 HER2+, 1 HER2-. Each was hybridized once on an Agilent 244k aCGH microarray.
Project description:Thirteen HER2 positive breast cancer cell lines were screened with 22 commercially available compounds, mainly targeting proteins in the ErbB2 signaling pathway, and the molecular mechanisms related to treatment response were sought. To search for response predictors, genomic and transcriptomic profiling, PIK3CA mutations and PTEN status were associated to the drug responses and several genes involved in the response of the compounds were identified. Array-CGH experiments of HER2+ breast cancer cell lines grown under standard conditions. DNA from four HER2 positive breast cancer cell lines was isolated and hybridized on Agilent arrays.
Project description:Amplification of chromosome 17q23 is a frequent genomic event that occurs in ~ 11% of human breast cancers. The 17q23 amplification is enriched in HER2+ breast cancers, which is significantly correlated with poor clinical outcomes. Previous studies have identified the oncogenic phosphatase WIP1 gene in the amplicon, which functions as a master inhibitor in DNA damage response. While the possibility of any other protein-coding oncogenes in the WIP1-containing 17q23 amplicon was ruled out, our analysis of human breast cancer genomics uncovered an oncogenic microRNA gene, MIR21, in a majority of the WIP1-containing amplicons. Interestingly, DEAD-box helicase 5 (DDX5), co-amplified with WIP1 and MIR21 in the 17q23 amplicon, facilitates the essential processing of primary miR-21 transcripts. Accordingly, the 17q23 amplification results in aberrant expression of WIP1 and miR-21, which not only promotes breast tumorigenesis, but also leads to resistance to anti-HER2 therapies. Inhibiting WIP1 and miR-21 using small molecular inhibitor against WIP1 (GSK2830371) and anti-miR-21 oligonucleotides selectively inhibits the proliferation, survival and tumorigenic potential of HER2+ breast cancer cells harboring 17q23 amplification. However, the in vivo bioavailability of the two agents in their free form is poor. To overcome the resistance of trastuzumab-based therapies in vivo, we developed pH-sensitive nanoparticles for specific co-delivery of the two agents into breast tumors. The nanoparticles consist of four materials approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for medical use: Poly (d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA), Pluronic F127 (PF127), chitosan, and 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine (DPPC). Moreover, chitosan was modified with guanidine to form chitosan-guanidine (CG), which not only can improve the encapsulation efficiency of anti-miR-21 oligonucleotides but also effectively capture carbon dioxide (CO2) into the nanoparticle to achieve the ‘nano-bomb’ effect for triggered drug release under the reduced pH in tumors. The two agents (inhibitors of miR-21 and WIP1)-laden nanoparticles can be used to efficiently kill trastuzumab-resistant HER2+ breast cancer cells, leading to a profound reduction of the tumor growth in vivo. These results demonstrate the great potential of the combined treatment of WIP1 and miR-21 inhibitors for the HER2+ breast cancers resistant to anti-HER2-based therapies. Overall design: Primary MMTV-ErbB2 mouse mammary epithelial cells (8-wk old) were isolated as previously reported and then total mRNA was extracted using Direct-zol RNA extraction kit (duplicates, Zymo Research) and then submitted for deep sequencing. Deep sequence data were mapped, normalized and the differentially expressed genes were collected for pathway analysis.
Project description:Purpose: We generated extensive transcriptional and proteomic profiles from a Her2-driven mouse model of breast cancer that closely recapitulates human breast cancer. This report makes these data publicly available in raw and processed forms, as a resource to the community. Importantly, we previously made biospecimens from this same mouse model freely available through a sample repository, so researchers can obtain samples to test biological hypotheses without the need of breeding animals and collecting biospecimens. Experimental design: Twelve datasets are available, encompassing 841 LC-MS/MS experiments (plasma and tissues) and 255 microarray analyses of multiple tissues (thymus, spleen, liver, blood cells, and breast). Cases and controls were rigorously paired to avoid bias. Results: In total, 18,880 unique peptides were identified (PeptideProphet peptide error rate ≤1%), with 3884 and 1659 non-redundant protein groups identified in plasma and tissue datasets, respectively. Sixty-one of these protein groups overlapped between cancer plasma and cancer tissue. Conclusions and clinical relevance: These data are of use for advancing our understanding of cancer biology, for software and quality control tool development, investigations of analytical variation in MS/MS data, and selection of proteotypic peptides for MRM-MS. The availability of these datasets will contribute positively to clinical proteomics. Custom Agilent 44K whole mouse genome expression oligonucleotide microarrays were used to profile breast tumors from three Her2/Neu mice compared to normal breast epithelium from two control mice transgenic for TetO-NeuNT only and littermates of the bitransgenic mice. All samples were laser-capture microdissected and total RNA isolated and amplified prior to hybridization against a reference pool of normal adult mouse tissues.
Project description:Using high-resolution, array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH), we explored genomic alterations in 40 fresh-frozen ACC samples, the largest cohort to date, with the aims to: (1) identify recurrent CNAs in ACC; (2) identify novel candidate target genes; and (3) correlate recurrent CNAs with tumour grade and other clinical parameters to identify potential clinically useful biomarkers. High-resolution aCGH on fresh frozen tissue from 40 ACCs.
Project description:We established an acquired trastuzumab-resistant model in vitro from a trastuzumab-sensitive, HER2-amplified breast-cancer cell line. A multi-omic strategy was implemented to obtain gene, proteome, and phosphoproteome signatures associated with acquired resistance to trastuzumab in HER2-positive breast cancer, followed by validation in human clinical samples.
Project description:HER2 gene amplification and protein overexpression (HER2+) define a clinically challenging subgroup of breast cancer with variable prognosis and response to therapy. Although gene expression profiling has identified an ERBB2 molecular subtype of breast cancer, it is clear that HER2+ tumors reside in all molecular subtypes and represent a genomically and biologically heterogeneous group. Genome-wide DNA copy number profiling, using BAC array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) were performed on 200 tumors with mixed clinical characteristics and amplification of HER2. Genomic Identification of Significant Targets in Cancer (GISTIC) was used to identify significant copy number aberrations (CNAs) in HER2+ tumors. This analysis sheds further light on the genomically complex and heterogeneous nature of HER2+ tumors in relation to other subgroups of breast cancer. Genomic profiling of 200 breast tumors using tiling BAC aCGH (32K, 33K and 38K). A number of cases were hybridized as replicates or dye-swaps.
Project description:Using high-resolution oligonucleotide arrayCGH, FISH, and RT-PCR we have performed a comprehensive analysis of genomic imbalances, and CRTC1-MAML2 gene fusion status in a series of 28 well characterized mucoepidermoid carcinomas (MECs) with the aims to identify distinct differences in genomic profiles and CRTC1-MAML2 gene fusion status between low- and high-grade MECs. High-resolution aCGH (44K/244K) on fresh frozen and paraffin embedded tissue from 28 well-characterized MECs.
Project description:Breast cancers that are “triple-negative” for the clinical markers ESR1, PGR, and HER2 typically belong to the Basal-like molecular subtype. Defective Rb, p53, and Brca1 pathways are each associated with triple-negative and Basal-like subtypes. Our mouse genetic studies demonstrate that the combined inactivation of Rb and p53 pathways is sufficient to suppress the physiological cell death of mammary involution. Furthermore, concomitant inactivation of all three pathways in mammary epithelium has an additive effect on tumor latency and predisposes highly penetrant, metastatic adenocarcinomas. The tumors are poorly differentiated and have histologic features that are common among human Brca1-mutated tumors, including heterogeneous morphology, metaplasia, and necrosis. Gene expression analyses demonstrate that the tumors share attributes of both Basal-like and Claudin-low signatures, two molecular subtypes encompassed by the broader, triple-negative class defined by clinical markers. These studies establish a unique animal model of aggressive forms of breast cancer for which there are no effective, targeted treatments. Rb, p53, and Brca1 are associated with inherited forms of cancer, but defects in these pathways are also found together in a subset of breast cancer patients without a family history of the disease. Simultaneous inactivation of all three pathways causes more aggressive disease than do pair-wise combinations, indicating that the pathways play non-overlapping roles in tumor prevention. We investigated the effect of perturbation of Rb family pathways, p53, and/or Brca1 in mouse mammary epithelium. Eighteen tumors were compared to normal spleen DNA.
Project description:A survey of the somatic allelic imbalances and copy number alterations in HER2-amplified breast cancer. Genomic profiling of 26 breast tumors with amplification of HER2 using 1M and 2.5M Illumina SNP beadchips. Sample identifiers correspond to GSE21259 where sample annotations may be extracted.