Dataset Information


Genome-wide transcription analysis of Escherichia coli in response to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields

ABSTRACT: The widespread use of electricity raises the question of whether or not 50 Hz (power line frequency in Europe) magnetic fields (MFs) affect organisms. We investigated the transcription of Escherichia coli K-12 MG1655 in response to extremely low-frequency (ELF) MFs. Fields generated by three signal types (sinusoidal continuous, sinusoidal intermittent, and power line intermittent; all at 50 Hz, 1 mT), were applied and gene expression was monitored at the transcript level using an Affymetrix whole-genome microarray. Bacterial cells were grown continuously in a chemostat (dilution rate D = 0.4 h-1) fed with glucose-limited minimal medium and exposed to 50 Hz MFs with a homogenous flux density of 1 mT. For all three types of MFs investigated, neither bacterial growth (determined using optical density) nor culturable counts were affected. Likewise, no statistically significant change (fold-change > 2, P ≤ 0.01) in the expression of 4,358 genes and 714 intergenic regions represented on the gene chip was detected after MF exposure for 2.5 h (1.4 generations) or 15 h (8.7 generations). Moreover, short-term exposure (8 min) to the sinusoidal continuous and power line intermittent signal neither affected bacterial growth nor showed evidence for reliable changes in transcription. In conclusion, our experiments did not indicate that the different tested MFs (50 Hz, 1 mT) affected the transcription of E. coli. A total of 60 chips are included in this study. Each comparison (treated vs. sham-treated cultures; untreated negative control cultures) consists of three replicates. The three magnetic field test conditions include sinusoidal continous, sinusoidal intermittent (2 min on, 4 min off) and power line intermittent (2 min on, 4 min off). Exposure periods were 8 min, 2.5 h, or 15 h. The response control consists of E. coli cells treated for 10 min with 1 mM H2O2 or the equivalent water volume. The negative control comprises samples taken from cultures grown with the exposure chambers swiched off.

ORGANISM(S): Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655  

SUBMITTER: Thomas Egli   Christian Beyer  Jürg Fröhlich  David Schürmann  Simona G Huwiler  Simona Gabriele Huwiler  Hubert Rehrauer  Hans-Martin Fischer  Hauke Hennecke 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-35371 | ArrayExpress | 2012-01-28



Similar Datasets

2016-07-01 | E-GEOD-71147 | ArrayExpress
2011-01-01 | E-MEXP-2572 | ArrayExpress
2008-02-22 | E-MEXP-1462 | ArrayExpress
2015-12-21 | E-GEOD-66796 | ArrayExpress
2016-03-22 | E-MTAB-4056 | ArrayExpress
| GSE4281 | GEO
2012-03-01 | E-GEOD-32384 | ArrayExpress
| GSE85562 | GEO
| GSE85392 | GEO
2013-05-17 | E-MEXP-3900 | ArrayExpress