Skeletal myoblasts protect cardiomyocytes against oxidative stress via c-Met and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-dependent paracrine pathways
ABSTRACT: To study the effect of myoblast-derived paracrine factors on cardiomyocyte gene expression, microarray analysis was performed from isolated rat fetal cardiomyocyte cultures. These cultures were treated for 24 hours with fresh culture medium (control), skeletal myoblast-conditioned medium, or cardiac fibroblast-conditioned medium. In total, 3 samples were analyzed.
Project description:We describe the gene expression profile of metastasis-prone lungs of mice after injection of LN4-tumor cell conditioned media intraperitoneally for one week, compared to the metastasis-inhibitory PC3 tumor cell conditioned media, which is the parental cell line to LN4 2 mice injected with RPMI medium (control), 2 mice injected with PC3-derived conditioned medium, and 2 mice injected with PC3M-LN4 conditioned medium
Project description:EHEC is a food-borne pathogen that colonizes human GI tract and leads to infection. To understand the process of colonization and to decipher if any factors secreted by intestinal epithelial cells help EHEC during the infection process, we studied expression of EHEC virulence gene expression when exposed to intestinal epithelial cell conditioned medium. In our study, we observed that exposure to epithelial cell conditioned medium for 1 h and 3 h increases expression of 32 out of 41 EHEC LEE virulence genes. In addition, expression of the shiga toxin 1 (Stx1) gene is up-regulated at 1 h of exposure. Also, 17 genes encoded by prophage 933W, including those for Stx2, are also upregulated at both time-points. The increase in 933W prophage expression is mirrored by a 2.7-fold increase in intracellular Stx2 phage titers. Consistent with the increase in virulence gene expression, we observed a 5-fold increase in EHEC attachment to epithelial cells when exposed to conditioned medium, suggesting that EHEC utilizes host cell molecules to increase virulence and infectivity. The molecule(s) responsible for increased EHEC virulence is heat-sensitive as heating the conditioned medium to 95oC abolishes the increase in attachment to epithelial cells. A similar decrease was observed when the conditioned medium was treated with proteinase-K to degrade the proteins. The secreted molecule(s) was found to be larger than 3 kDa and strongly suggests that the HCT-8 secreted molecule that increases EHEC virulence and colonization is a protein-based molecule. Affymetrix E. coli Genome 2.0 Arrays were used to determine the changes in EHEC virulence gene expression on exposure to intestinal epithelial cell-secreted factors (through growth in conditioned medium). Overnight cultures of EHEC were diluted in LB medium to a turbidity of 0.1 at 600 nm. The cells were allowed to grow to a turbidity of 1.0 at 600 nm at 37°C and the EHEC cells were then resuspended in either fresh or conditioned medium. The cultures were then allowed to grow for 1 h or 3 h before cell pellets were collected by centrifugation and stored at -80°C. Total RNA was isolated from the cell pellets (173) and RNA quality was assessed using gel electrophoresis. Escherichia coli Genome 2.0 arrays (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA, USA) containing 10,208 probe sets for all 20,366 genes present in four strains of E. coli, including EHEC, were used to profile changes in gene expression using RNA samples for each treatment.
Project description:Primary astrocytomas of high histopathological grade (HG-astrocytomas) are largely restricted to older patients and are almost invariably fatal despite multimodal therapy. Here, we show that the young brain has an endogenous defense mechanisms against HG-astrocytomas. Neural precursor cells (NPCs) migrate to HG-astrocytomas, reduce glioma expansion and prolong survival by releasing a group of fatty-acid ethanolamides that have agonistic activity on the vanilloid receptor (transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily member-1; TRPV1). TRPV1 expression is much higher in HG-astrocytomas than in the tumor-free brain and TRPV1 stimulation triggers tumor cell-death via the activating transcription factor-3 (ATF3) controlled branch of the ER-stress pathway. The anti-tumourigenic response of NPCs is lost with aging. NPC-mediated tumor suppression can be mimicked in the old brain by systemic administration of the synthetic vanilloid Arvanil, indicating that TRPV1 agonists hold potential as new HG-astrocytoma therapeutics. The goal of this microarray study was understand how neural stem / precursor cell (NPC) induced high grade astrocytoma cell-death is controlled by changes in gene expression. We investigated the gene-expression pattern in mouse high grade astrocytoma GL261 cells after incubation with NPC non-conditioned medium (controls) or NPC-conditioned medium by microarrays and found that endoplasmic reticulum stress genes like the activating transcription factor-3 (ATF3) were robustly up-regulated in NPC-conditioned medium treated mouse high grade astrocytoma cells, compared to controls. Comparison of two experimental groups (conditioned medium treated versus non-conditioned medium treated) in three dye swap experiments (6 arrays used in total).
Project description:Malignant melanoma is a complex genetic disease and the most aggressive form of skin cancer. Melanoma progression and metastatic dissemination fundamentally relies on the process of angiogenesis. Melanomas produce an array of angiogenic modulators that mediate pathological angiogenesis. Such tumor-associated modulators arbitrate the enhanced proliferative, survival and migratory responses exhibited by endothelial cells, in the hypoxic tumor environment. The current study focuses on melanoma-induced survival of endothelial cells under hypoxic conditions. Melanoma conditioned media were capable of enabling prolonged endothelial cell survival under hypoxia, in contrast with the conditioned media derived from melanocytes, breast and pancreatic tumors. To identify the global changes in gene expression and further characterize the pro-survival pathway induced in endothelial cells, we performed microarray analysis on endothelial cells treated with melanoma conditioned medium under normoxic and hypoxic conditions. Huvec cells were grown in melanoma conditioned medium or DMEM 10% FCS for 12 h under hypoxic or normoxic conditions. In order to identify the transcripts modulated by melanoma CM, samples treated with MCM were compared to those grown in DMEM alone.
Project description:Biomphalaria glabrata infection by the Schistosoma mansoni free-swimming miracidium and its subsequent development to the parasitic sporocyst stage is critical to establishment of viable infections and triggers a variety of physiological, biochemical and molecular changes. Here, we describe a genome-wide analysis of the S. mansoni miracidium and developing sporocyst. Keywords: life-cycle, development, host-interaction We generated transcriptomic profiles of the developing larval stages of Schistosoma mansoni using long serial analysis of gene expression (LongSAGE). Five cDNA libraries were constructed from miracidia and in vitro cultured 6- and 20-day old sporocysts maintained in sporocyst medium (SM) or in SM conditioned by previous cultivation with cells of the B. glabrata embryonic (Bge) cell line. From five libraries, 314,799 SAGE tags were sequenced and resulted in a total of 21,440 unique sequence tags. A total of 254 tags were differentially expressed during “conditioned” development and 236 tags were differentially expressed during “un-conditioned” development. In addition, 53 tags were found to be differentially expressed between 6-day conditioned and unconditioned sporocysts and 42 tags between 20-day conditioned and unconditioned sporocysts.
Project description:Adipose derived stem cells (ASCs) were preconditioned with endothelial differentiation medium (EDM) for four days and then incubated in endothelial basal medium (EBM) supplemented with 1% microvesicle (MV)-free FBS for two days. The conditioned medium was harvested for MV isolation. The small RNA extracted from the MVs was used for microRNA array. qPCR gene expression profiling; Two equal-amount small RNA samples were from two independent experiments.
Project description:Disseminated tumor cells (DTCs) in the bone marrow can be detected in patients with solid tumors early on in disease progression. Via interaction with mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) these tumor cells may interfere with hematopoiesis. Using appropriate co-culture models, we investigated whether DTCs can change the bone marrow microenvironment by modulating MSC function with a special emphasis on their chemoattractive activity towards hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs). Human bone marrow derived MSCs as well as an immortalised MSC line (SCP-1) were co-cultured with MCF-7, MDA-MB231 breast carcinoma or MCF-10A non-malignant breast epithelial cells or their conditioned medium. Gene expression analysis of SCP-1 cells cultured with MCF-7 conditioned medium revealed SDF-1/CXCL12 as one of the significantly downregulated genes. Both tumor cell lines caused an inhibited SDF-1 promoter activity in SCP-1 cells, whereby MCF-7 medium decreased it to 77% and MDA-MB231 to 47%. Moreover, the SDF-1 mRNA and protein levels were significantly reduced. As a functional consequence of lower SDF-1 levels, we detected a decreased trans-well migration potential of CD34+ HSPC to MSC/tumor cell co-cultures or conditioned medium. The specificity of this chemokine mediated effect was confirmed by blocking studies with the CXCR4 antagonist AMD3100. Downregulation of SP1 transcription factor and increased miR23a levels in MSCs after contact with tumor cell medium as well as an enhanced TGFb1 expression were identified as potential molecular regulators of SDF-1 activity in MSCs. We propose an additional mechanism by which tumor cells affect the niche environment of HSPCs and therefore negatively impact hematopoiesis. Gene expression of human immortalized mesenchymal stromal cells (SCP-1) was investigated after incubation with conditioned medium of the breast carcinoma cell line MCF-7 for 24, 48, and 72 hours. Three independent experiments were performed at each time.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus 2038 during the growth in casein proteins conditioned medium compared with the start control (cells treated in whey conditioned medium). Identifying the genes that are differentially expressed during the growth of Lb. bulgaricus 2038 in casein proteins condition provides a starting point for the investigation of metabolic mechanisms. Twelve Samples at different growth time points. Three replicates each.
Project description:To assess the effect of sodium butyrate exposure on human ESC grown without culture support for self-renewal (I.e. without conditioned medium and added bFGF) - three groups were compared - H1 culture in feeder conditioned medium vs without conditioned medium in 0.2 mM sodium butyrate vs. grown in sodium butyrate for 4 passages followed by return to conditioned medium conditions for 3 passages. The three groups were grown in triplicate and compared on Agilent whole human genome array Experiment Overall Design: H1 hESC were grown under 3 conditions: A. 48 passages total, the last 9 passages off of feeders on Matrigel in feeder conditioned medium B. 48 passages total, within the last 9 passges, #39-41 were in conditioned medium and #42-48 were without conditioned medium and added bFGF but with 0.2 mM sodium butyrate on Matrigel C. 49 passages total, within the last 10 passages #39-41 were in conditioned medium, #42-46 in 0.2 mM sodium butyrate (without feeder of bFGF support) and #47-49 back to conditioned medium + bFGF. The RNA from these cells were compared via Agilent whole human genome array.