Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

315

The anti-Shine-Dalgarno sequence drives translational pausing and codon choice in bacteria


ABSTRACT: Protein synthesis by ribosomes takes place on a linear substrate but at variable speeds. Transient pausing of ribosomes can impact a variety of co-translational processes, including protein targeting and folding. These pauses are influenced by the sequence of the mRNA. Thus redundancy in the genetic code allows the same protein to be translated at different rates. However, our knowledge of both the position and the mechanism of translational pausing in vivo is highly limited. Here we present a genome-wide analysis of translational pausing in bacteria using ribosome profiling-deep sequencing of ribosome-protected mRNA fragments. This approach enables high-resolution measurement of ribosome density profiles along most transcripts at unperturbed, endogenous expression levels. Unexpectedly, we found that codons decoded by rare tRNAs do not lead to slow translation under nutrient-rich conditions. Instead, Shine-Dalgarno-(SD) like features within coding sequences cause pervasive translational pausing. Using an orthogonal ribosome possessing an altered anti-SD sequence, we demonstrated that pausing is due to hybridization between mRNA and the 16S rRNA of the translating ribosome. In protein coding sequences, internal SD sequences are disfavoured, which leads to biased usage, avoiding codons and codon pairs that resemble canonical SD sites. Our results indicate that internal SD-like sequences are a major determinant of translation rates and a global driving force for the coding of bacterial genomes. Identification of translation pause sites in vivo using ribosome profiling

SUBMITTER: Eugene Oh   Jonathan S Weissman  Gene-Wei Li 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-35641 | ArrayExpress | 2012-04-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE35641SRP010825PRJNA152495

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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Publications

The anti-Shine-Dalgarno sequence drives translational pausing and codon choice in bacteria.

Li Gene-Wei GW   Oh Eugene E   Weissman Jonathan S JS  

Nature 20120328 7395


Protein synthesis by ribosomes takes place on a linear substrate but at non-uniform speeds. Transient pausing of ribosomes can affect a variety of co-translational processes, including protein targeting and folding. These pauses are influenced by the sequence of the messenger RNA. Thus, redundancy in the genetic code allows the same protein to be translated at different rates. However, our knowledge of both the position and the mechanism of translational pausing in vivo is highly limited. Here w  ...[more]

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