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Regulation of cholesterogenic gene expression in Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) exposed to 17β-trenbolone

ABSTRACT: The anabolic androgen 17β-trenbolone (TB) can cause masculinization and reduce fecundity of fish. However, the underlying mechanisms of various biological pathways including metabolism, biosynthesis etc. are largely unknown. Here, we evaluated the effects of TB using the medaka DNA microarray representing 36,398 genes. Larval medaka, Oryzias latipes, (within 24 hrs posthatch) were exposed to TB at various concentrations (2, 6, 20, 60, 100, 200 ng/L) for up to 7 days. Dose-response relationships in gene expression levels of the categorized genes were analyzed using the cumulative chisquared method. Microarray analyses of the TB-exposed larvae showed that 117 and 32 genes were determined as up and down-regulated genes, respectively. The most significant GO term for biological process identified within this gene list was lipid metabolic process, which contained 26 genes in up-regulated genes. In this category, “cholesterol biosynthetic process” was highlighted as an important subcategory with 15 genes, including hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase cytoplasmic, squalene monooxygenase, lanosterol synthase etc. RT-PCR measurements in these genes were consistent with the microarray results in the direction and magnitude of these changes in gene expression. On the other hands, in the category of “sexual differentiation and development”, genes related to hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis were not affected by TB treatment except for one gene encoded to cytochrome P450 19A1. Genes related to oogenesis, such as choriogenins and vitellogenins were weakly down regulated at 2-200 ng/L of TB. Our findings demonstrate that genes encoding cholesterol synthesis pathway via the mevalonate pathway were controlled by TB in larval medaka. TB concentrations used were 0 (control), 2, 6, 20, 60, 100 and 200 ng/L for 7 days of exposure. Each TB treatment had 90 larval medaka for each chamber. At day 7 of the exposures, triplicate samples (30 larvae/sample) from each chamber respectively were collected, flash-frozen in liquid nitrogen, and stored in liquid nitrogen until RNA extraction.

ORGANISM(S): Oryzias latipes  

SUBMITTER: Katsuyuki Kadota   Satomi Mizukami-Murata 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-35908 | ArrayExpress | 2013-02-14



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