ABSTRACT: The first experiment involved the DU-145 tumor cell samples cultured with or without macrophages. This experiment was planned with an aim to evaluate the gene expression changes that might occur in DU-145 cells when grown in proximity to macrophages as compared to DU145 cells being grown alone. Similarly, the second experiment, involved the macrophage samples cultured with or without the DU-145 cells. This experiment was planned with an aim to evaluate the gene expression changes that might occur in Macrophages when grown in proximity to DU-145 cells . Agilent one-color experiment, Organism: Human, Agilent-Custom Whole Genome Human 8x60k designed by Genotypic Technology Pvt. Ltd. (AMADID: 027114), Labeling kit: Agilent Quick-Amp labeling Kit (p/n5190-0442)
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of DU-145 cells treated with 5-Aza for 72 h. Relative abundance to untreated control cells was used to estimate the effect of DNA demethylation on the expression of the RNAs. Two-condition experiment, 5-Aza-treated vs. untreated DU-145 cells. Biological replicates: 2. Technical replicates: 2.
Project description:Ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase isozyme L1 (UCHL1) is primarily expressed in neuronal cells and neuroendocrine cells. It is a multifunctional protein involved in deubiquitination, ubiquitination, and ubiquitin homeostasis. UCHL1 has been associated with various diseases, including many cancers, but its specific roles are disputed and still generally undetermined. Herein, we demonstrate that UCHL1 is associated with genomic DNA in certain prostate cancer cell lines, including DU 145 cells derived from a brain metastatic site, and in HEK293T embryonic kidney cells with a neuronal lineage. Chromatin immunoprecipitation and sequencing revealed that UCHL1 localizes to TTAGGG repeats at telomeres and interstitial telomeric sequences, as do TRF1 and TRF2, components of the shelterin complex. A weak or transient interaction between UCHL1 and the shelterin complex was confirmed by immunoprecipitation and proximity ligation assays. UCHL1 and TERF2IP, also a component of the shelterin complex, were bound to the nuclear scaffold. UCHL1 may play a role in regulating gene expression by affecting the stabilization of the shelterin proteins or influencing nuclear targeting. As several shelterin proteins (TRF1, TRF2, POT1 and TERF2IP) are ubiquitinated, UCHL1 may have a role in regulating the stability of these proteins. UCHL1 may also regulate the nuclear location of shelterin-associated genomic regions. Overall design: A total of six samples were analyzed in the examination of genomic distribution of UCHL1 in DU 145 and HEK293T cells. Firstly, UCHL1 ChIP seq was performed in DU 145 1% formaldehyde cross-linked cells. Then, UCHL1 ChIP seq was performed in dual cross-linked (1mM DSP and 1% formaldehyde) DU 145 and HEK293T cells. All three UCHL1 ChIP seq samples were analyzed compared to their respective DNA inputs.
Project description:The primary goal of this experiment was to determine the endogenous miRNA that are differentially expressed between prostate adenocarcinoma cells, DU-145 and prostate immortalized epithelial cells, PWR-1E. Subsequently, we performed other analysis with BLAST and in silico algorithm searches to determine the appropriate miRNA that could regulate a novel gene MIEN1. Overall design: We used two samples, namely, DU-145 and PWR-1E, independently, for miRNA expression
Project description:Macrophages infected with S. aureus were subjected to gene expression profiling to undertake a complete understanding of the interaction induced gene expression changes in both, S.aureus and the RAW macrophages. Agilent one-color experiment, Agilent-021933 Genotypic designed Custom Staphylococcus aureus and Mus musculus 8x15k
Project description:Cultures of DU-145 cells and of LNCaP cells were treated for 216 hours with 100µM zebularine (SIGMA) in three independent biological experiments. Zebularine acts as a DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitor thereby upregulating genes that are inactivated by e.g. promotor hypermethylation. The experiment aimed to search for upregulated transcripts to provide new targets for biomarker development and therapeutic use. Total RNA of untreated and treated (100µM zebularine) DU-145 cells (experiment HK_21_DU_145-HK_26_DU_145), and of untreated and treated (100µM zebularine) LNCaP cells (experiment HK_27_LNCaP-HK_32_LNCaP), were subjected to Affymetrix array analysis to detail the overall expression changes after treatment with a DNMT inhibitor. Treated cells showed no obvious signs of zebularine-induced cytotoxicity as revealed by XTT assays.
Project description:MiRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that regulate the expression of specific mRNA targets mainly by translational repression, mRNA deadenylation or cleavage. This series is meant to identify miRNAs deregulated in prostate cancer (PCa) by comparing the PCa cell lines LNCaP, PC3 and Du-145 to the normal prostate epithelial cell line RWPE-1. We analyzed three arrays each for LNCaP, PC3, Du-145 and RWPE-1 cell lines
Project description:Disseminated prostate cancer cells colonize the skeleton to progress into macroscopic lesions only if they successfully adapt to the bone microenvironment. We previously reported that the ability of prostate cancer cells to generate skeletal tumors in animal models correlated with the expression of the alpha-receptor for Platelet-Derived Growth Factor (PDGFRa). In this study we aimed to identify PDGFRa-regulated genes responsible for the acquisition of a bone-metastatic prostate phenotype. We performed genome-wide expression comparative analyses of human prostate cancer cell lines that differ for PDGFRa expression and propensity to establish tumors in the skeleton of animal models. We investigated the genes that were differentially regulated in the highly bone-metastatic PC3-ML cells and their low-metastatic counterpart PC3-N cells, and the genes differentially regulated between PC3-N and PC3-N with overexpression of PDGFRa (PC3NRa). We have previously shown that DU-145 cells lack PDGFRa and fail to survive longer than three days as disseminated tumor cells after homing to the mouse bone marrow. Interestingly, and in contrast to PC3-N cells, the exogenous expression of PDGFRa did not promote metastatic bone-tropism of DU-145 cells in our model. Thus, we examined the genes that were differentially regulated between DU-145 and DU-145(Ra) and excluded them from our candidate genes. Finally, to refine our findings and compensate for PC3 and DU-145 genetic disparity, we performed a comparative analysis of the genes differentially regulated between two bone metastatic single-cell progenies that were derived from PC3-ML cells. Seven human prostate cancer cell lines were analyzed in total for this study. Each cell line was analyzed in duplicate from two different passages in culture.
Project description:We aimed to investigate gene expression associated with radiosensitisation of normoxic and hypoxic prostate cancer cells by the class I/II histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) vorinostat. A pronounced deregulation of DNA repair and chromatin organization genes by vorinostat in DU 145 than in PC-3 or 22Rv1 was found and was a likly mechanism underlying radiosensitisation of DU 145. Expression of these genes was generally not affected by hypoxia and was altered by vorinostat in DU 145 towards the baseline levels of PC-3 and 22Rv1. A 56-gene expression signature associated with radiosensitisation under normoxia and hypoxia, including 8 genes with baseline expression characteristic of the radiosensitising effect was generated. These findings propose a hypoxia independent expression signature to predict the radiosensitising effect of vorinostat. Overall design: DU 145, PC-3 and 22Rv1 cell lines, for which differences in intrinsic radiosensitivity have been demonstrated in previous work, were exposed to vorinostat (1µM, 24h) and hypoxia (0.2% O2, 24h), subjected to gene expression profiling and irradiated at 2 and 5 Gy. Samples collected for gene expression analysis were taken prior to irradiation. Vorinostat mediated radiosensitisation occurred under normoxia and hypoxia in the intrinsically radioresistant DU 145, but not in the radiosensitive PC-3 and 22Rv1. To identify a gene expression signature most likely playing a major role in the vorinostat mediated radiosensitisation, a supervised analysis of global gene expression data were performed.
Project description:Withaferin A (WA), a major chemical component of an Indian herb Withania somnifera, induces cell death (apoptosis/necrosis) in a variety of tumor cells, but its molecular mechanism remains elusive. We report that WA induces cell death selectively in high-grade prostate (PC-3 and DU-145) and tongue (SAS) cancer cells but not in normal human fibroblast (TIG-1) and low-grade prostate cancer (LNCaP) cells. To identify genes whose expression levels were up- or down-regulated in prostate cancer cells following WA treatment, we examined the transcriptome profiles of mRNA prepared from TIG-1, LNCaP, PC-3 and DU-145 cells using Agilent’s Whole Human Genome Microarray.