Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

3

Inflammatory mediators alter astrocyte genomic profiles and G-protein receptor evoked calcium signaling


ABSTRACT: Inflammation features in diverse central nervous system disorders such as stroke, trauma, neurodegeneration, infection and autoimmunity. To better understand how inflammatory mediators may alter astrocyte functions, we examined the effects of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon-gamma (IFNγ) on purified, murine, primary cortical astrocyte cultures. We used microarrays to conduct whole genome expression profiling, and measured calcium signaling, which is implicated in mediating dynamic astrocyte functions. Combinatorial exposure to TGF-β1, LPS and IFNγ significantly modulated astrocyte expression of over 6,800 genes and resulted in both additive and synergistic changes compared with individual stimuli alone. Bioinformatic analysis revealed that combinatorial treatment significantly and markedly up regulated molecular networks and pathways associated with immune signaling and with regulation of cell compromise, death, growth and proliferation. These findings provide databases of astrocyte transcriptome changes elicited by the inflammatory stimuli, TGF-β1, LPS and IFNγ alone and in combination, and show that these stimuli up regulate astrocyte molecular networks associated with immune- and injury-related functions and significantly alter astrocyte calcium signaling evoked by multiple GPCR. We used microarrays to examine the effects of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon-gamma (IFNγ) on purified, murine, primary cortical astrocyte cultures.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Baljit S Khakh   Daniel H Geschwind  Mary E Hamby  Giovanni Coppola  Michael V Sofroniew 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-36089 | ArrayExpress | 2012-10-18

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE36089PRJNA151907

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Inflammatory mediators alter the astrocyte transcriptome and calcium signaling elicited by multiple G-protein-coupled receptors.

Hamby Mary E ME   Coppola Giovanni G   Ao Yan Y   Geschwind Daniel H DH   Khakh Baljit S BS   Sofroniew Michael V MV  

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 20121001 42


Inflammation features in CNS disorders such as stroke, trauma, neurodegeneration, infection, and autoimmunity in which astrocytes play critical roles. To elucidate how inflammatory mediators alter astrocyte functions, we examined effects of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and interferon-gamma (IFNγ), alone and in combination, on purified, mouse primary cortical astrocyte cultures. We used microarrays to conduct whole-genome expression profiling, and measured cal  ...[more]

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