ABSTRACT: Transcriptional profiling of WAT comparing wild-type control with Ahnak Knockout mice fed regular chow and high fat diet We obtained white adipose tissue from mice fed regular chow and high fat diet for Affymetrix microarrays
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of WAT comparing wild-type control with Ahnak Knockout mice fed regular chow and high fat diet We obtained white adipose tissue from mice fed regular chow and high fat diet for Affymetrix microarrays
Project description:To identify molecular mechanism underlying the protection from diet-induced hepatic steatosis in AHNAK deficiency mice, we examined microarray analysis with liver sample from HFD-fed AHNAK KO and WT mice. Two-condition experiment, regular chow (CD) -fed WT vs. CD-fed AHNAK KO and High fat diet(HFD)-fed WT vs. HFD-fed AHNAK KO mice. Biological replicates: 3 control, One replicate per array.
Project description:Xbp1 is an important regulator of unfolded protein response and lipid metabolism. Its dyregulation has been associcated in human NASH. Feeding a high fat diet with fructose/sucrose to mice causes progressive, fibrosing steatohepatitis. This study is to use RNA-Seq to identify differentially expressed genes in hepatic Xbp1 deficient mice livers fed with a high fat diet compared to controls. Hepatic Xbp1 deficient mice or flox controls were fed either regular chow or a high fat diet (n=4). Samples from each cohort were pooled into two replicates.
Project description:Lean male mice were fed a high fat diet (HFD, lard 24% w/w) for 16 weeks. At 9 weeks, when all hallmarks of prediabetes were established, groups of mice were treated with drug (rosiglitazone, pioglitazone, T0901317, or salicylate) for another 7 weeks together with the high fat diet. An additional group was switched back to a chow diet (dietary lifestyle intervention) after the first 9 weeks of high fat diet. All groups were compared to a control group receiving HFD alone and to a reference group fed chow (baseline reference) for the entire experimental period (16 weeks). One group (n=9) remained on maintenance chow throughout the entire study period (16 weeks) and served as healthy, age-matched control. After the nine week run-in period, the HFD fed mice were matched into thirteen groups based on body weight. The first group (n=9) was sacrificed immediately after matching. The second group (n=15) was continued on HFD until the end of the experiment at t=16 weeks. The fourth group (n=9) was switched to regular chow (dietary lifestyle intervention). The other groups (each n=9) continued on HFD supplemented with drugs typically used in clinical practice. More specifically, following drugs were mixed into HFD ; rosiglitazone (0.010% w/w), pioglitazone (0.010% w/w), T0901317 (0.010% w/w) and salicylate (0.40% w/w).
Project description:To test whether NDGA attenuate dyslipidemia and hepatic steatosis by enhancing fatty acid oxidation through activation of PPAR-α. Using wild type (WT, C57BL/6) fed with chow diet as control, WT mice were either fed with high-fat diet or high-fat diet with NDGA (2.5g/kg food); ob/ob mice were fed with either chow or chow with NDGA (2.5 g/kg food), and maintained on the respective diets for 16 weeks. The expression of lipid metabolism related genes in the liver of these mice were analyzed using Phalanx GPL6845 platform (Mouse OneArray V1). Together with other biochemical/physiological data, our results suggest that the beneficial actions of NDGA on dyslipidemia and hepatic steatosis in ob/ob mice are exerted primarily through enhanced fatty acid oxidation and energy utilization via the activation of PPAR- α receptor activity. To examine the changes in gene expression in liver of WT and ob/ob mice with different NDGA diet treatment, RNA isolated from 3 animals of each group were used for studies of gene expression profiles. Phalanx GPL6845 platform (Mouse OneArray V1) was used for the microarrays analysis.
Project description:Male C57Bl/6J mice were fed 45%kcal fat diet (HF) or regular rodent chow (NC) from 4 weeks to 16 weeks of age. Gene expression was compared between RNA obtained from pancreatic islets of HF fed mice and NC mice. RNA samples from 4 NC group and 4 HF groups were analyzed using GeneChip Mouse Expression Arrays MOE 430v2 (Affymetrix).
Project description:Insulin resistance drives the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D). In liver, diacylglycerol (DAG) is a key mediator of lipid-induced insulin resistance. DAG activates protein kinase C epsilon (PKCÎµ), which phosphorylates and inhibits the insulin receptor. In rats, a 3-day high fat diet produces hepatic insulin resistance through this mechanism, and knockdown of hepatic PKCÎµ protects against high fat diet-induced hepatic insulin resistance. Here we employ a systems level approach to uncover additional signaling pathways involved in high fat diet-induced hepatic insulin resistance. We used quantitative phosphoproteomics to map global in vivo changes in hepatic protein phosphorylation in chow-fed, high fat-fed, and high fat-fed with PKCÎµ knockdown rats to distinguish the impact of lipid- and PKCÎµ-induced protein phosphorylation.
Project description:Lean male mice were fed a high fat diet (HFD, lard 24% w/w) for 16 weeks. At 9 weeks, when all hallmarks of prediabetes were established, groups of mice were treated with drug (metformin, glibenclamide, sitagliptin, rosiglitazone, pioglitazone, fenofibrate, T0901317, atorvastatin, salicylate or rofecoxib) for another 7 weeks together with the high fat diet. An additional group was switched back to a chow diet (dietary lifestyle intervention) after the first 9 weeks of high fat diet. All groups were compared to a control group receiving HFD alone and to a reference group fed chow (baseline reference) for the entire experimental period (16 weeks).
Project description:Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has become an epidemic in our modern lifestyle, likely due to calorie-rich diets overwhelming our adaptive metabolic pathways. One such pathway is mediated by nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), the rate-limiting enzyme in mammalian NAD+ biosynthesis, and the NAD+-dependent protein deacetylase SIRT1. Here we show that NAMPT-mediated NAD+ biosynthesis is severely compromised in metabolic organs by high-fat diet (HFD). Strikingly, nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN), a product of the NAMPT reaction and a key NAD+ intermediate, ameliorates glucose intolerance by restoring NAD+ levels in HFD-induced T2D mice. NMN also enhances hepatic insulin sensitivity and restores gene expression related to oxidative stress, inflammatory response, and circadian rhythm, partly through SIRT1 activation. Furthermore, NAD+ and NAMPT levels show significant decreases in multiple organs during aging, and NMN improves glucose intolerance and lipid profiles in age-induced T2D mice. These findings provide critical insights into a novel intervention against diet- and age-induced T2D. 4 regular chow fed mice (RC1-4) vs 4 high-fat diet fed (HFD) (HFD1a-4a) mice were analyzed on one chip (Chip-A). 4 HFD mice (HFD1b-4b) vs 4 HFD-NMN treated mice (NMN1-4) were examined on the other chip (Chip-B).
Project description:To determine effects of hyperglycemia and insulin resistance on arterial wall biology, gene expression profiles were generated using aortas from mice on high fat (35% fat) diet and their respective non diabetic regular chow fed controls. Keywords: Chip Experiment was done in triplicate with three independent pools from test mice on high fat diet and control mice on regular chow diet. For RNA isolation aortas were striped of adventitia and periaortic fat. RNA from three aortas was pooled for the synthesis of probe for affymetrix array analysis.