Genomics

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297

Effects of DNA Methylation on Nucleosome Stability


ABSTRACT: Methylation of DNA at CpG dinucleotides represents one of the most important epigenetic mechanisms involved in the control of gene expression in vertebrate cells. In this report, we conducted high-throughput nucleosome reconstitution experiments on 572 KB of human DNA and 668 KB of mouse DNA that was unmethylated or methylated in order to investigate the effects of this epigenetic modification on the positioning and stability of nucleosomes. The DNA loci from both species contained the genes that encode the serum albumin family, the MYC protein, and the tumor suppressor p53. The results demonstrated that a small subset of nucleosomes positioned by nucleotide sequence was sensitive to methylation where the modification increased the affinity of these sequences for the histone octamer. The features that distinguished these nucleosomes from the bulk of the methylation-insensitive nucleosomes were an increase in the frequency of CpG dinucleotides and a unique rotational orientation of CpGs such that their minor grooves tended to face toward the histones in the nucleosome rather than away. We propose that these features serve to enhance the affinity of methylated DNA for the histone octamer and that this effect could be involved in gene regulatory mechanisms such as silencing. These methylation-sensitive nucleosomes were preferentially associated with exons as compared to introns while unmethylated CpG islands near transcription start sites became enriched in nucleosomes upon methylation. The results of this study suggest that the effects of DNA methylation on nucleosome stability in vitro can recapitulate what has been observed in the cell and provide a direct link between DNA methylation and the structure and function of chromatin. For the human data, there were 3 unmethylated nucleosome replicates, 2 methylated nucleosome replicates, an unmethylated MNase control, and an unmethylated sonicated control. For the mouse data, there were 2 unmethylated nucleosome replicates, 2 methylated nucleosome replicates, an unmethylated MNase control, a methylated MNase control, and an unmethylated sonicated control.

ORGANISM(S): Musculus  

SUBMITTER: Clayton Kenneth Collings   John N Anderson  Clayton K Collings 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-37224 | ArrayExpress | 2013-01-28

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): SRP012169GSE37224PRJNA158949

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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Publications

Effects of DNA methylation on nucleosome stability.

Collings Clayton K CK   Waddell Peter J PJ   Anderson John N JN  

Nucleic acids research 20130125 5


Methylation of DNA at CpG dinucleotides represents one of the most important epigenetic mechanisms involved in the control of gene expression in vertebrate cells. In this report, we conducted nucleosome reconstitution experiments in conjunction with high-throughput sequencing on 572 KB of human DNA and 668 KB of mouse DNA that was unmethylated or methylated in order to investigate the effects of this epigenetic modification on the positioning and stability of nucleosomes. The results demonstrate  ...[more]

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