Global microRNA profiling of the mouse ventricles during development of severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and heart failure
ABSTRACT: The study sought to determine the global miRNA profile of ventricles during early and end-stage hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in a severe double mutant mouse model of the disease. MicroRNA expression profiles of ventricles of transgenic mice with a mutation in both the myosin heavy chain gene (MYH7 Arg403Gln) and cardiac troponin I gene (TNNI3 Ser203Gln) and of non-transgenic mice were determined using Rodent TaqMan Low Density miRNA Arrays A v2.0 (TLDA, Life Technologies). MicroRNA profiles were measured at 10 days of age and 16 days of age, in 3 biological replicates. qRT-PCR analysis of microRNAs of ventricles of three transgenic mice and three non-transgenic mice age 10 days, and three transgenic mice and three non-transgenic mice age 16 days. 450 ng RNA was reverse transcribed, without pre-amplification, using TaqMan MicroRNA Reverse Transcription Kit and Megaplex RT Primers rodent pool A (Life Technologies). Complementary DNA (cDNA) was amplified using a TaqMan rodent microRNA A Array v2.0 (Life Technologies) with TaqMan Universal PCR Master Mix on an ABI 7900HT Sequence Detection System.
Project description:This experiment was conducted to identify target microRNAs of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) in skeletal muscle of transgenic mice that overexpressed PPARalpha or PPARbeta. We have recently demonstrated that skeletal muscle-specific PPARb transgenic (MCK-PPARb) mice exhibit increased exercise endurance, whereas MCK-PPARa mice have reduced exercise performance. Accordingly, we sought to determine whether PPARb and PPARa drive distinct programs involved in muscle fiber type determination. Myosin heavy chain (MHC) immunohistochemical staining of soleus muscle revealed a marked increase in type 1 fibers in the MCK-PPARb muscle compared to non-transgenic (NTG) littermates but a profound reduction in MCK-PPARa muscle. miRNA profiling revealed that levels of miR-208b and miR-499 were increased in MCK-PPARb muscle but reduced in MCK-PPARa muscle. miR-208b and miR-499, which are embedded in the Myh7 and Myh7b genes, respectively, have been shown previously to regulate slow-twitch muscle genes. Lastly, combined inhibition of miR-208b and miR-499 abolished the enhancing effects of PPARb on MHC1 expression in skeletal myotubes, while forced expression of miR-499 in MCK-PPARa muscle completely reversed the type 1 fiber program and exercise capacity. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that miR-208b and miR-499 are necessary to mediate the effects of PPARb and PPARa on muscle fiber type determination. Comparison of microRNA expression from soleus muscles isolated from wild-type (non-transgenic (NTG)) and PPARalpha-overexpressing (MCK-PPARa) mice, and comparison of microRNA expression from soleus muscles isolated from wild-type (NTG) and PPARbeta-overexpressing (MCK-PPARb) mice. Three replicates of each are analyzed.
Project description:We addressed the potential for global regulation of miRNA biogenesis by BDNF using miRNA arrays that selectively measure mature miRNA, as opposed to pre-miRNA. Hippocampal neurons were treated with BDNF for 30 min in the presence of Actinomycin-D to assess changes due to processing of existing pre-miRNAs rather than new pre-miRNA production. We used Applied Biosystems 7900HT Fast Real-Time PCR system using Taqman Rodent MicroRNA Array A. Data is from three paired BDNF and Mock experiments (1,2,3). Each array (TaqMan) contained 375 rodent miRNA targets of which 195 were detectable in hippocampus in three independent paired experiments.
Project description:This study sought to determine the dynamic changes of miRNA expression during mouse granulopoiesis. We not only performed analyses of miRNA expression levels in whole cells but also analyzed purified nuclear and cytoplasmic cell fractions to profile miRNA subcellular localization. qRT-PCR analysis of miRNAs was performed on whole cell, nuclear and cytoplasmic RNAs extracted from mouse hemopoietic stem cells (LSKs), promyelocytes, myelocytes and granulocytes. 100 ng of RNA was reversed transcribed using the Taqman miRNA Reverse Transcription Kit and Megaplex RT Primers rodent pool A and B (Life Technologies). Complementary DNA (cDNA) was amplified using a TaqMan rodent microRNA A and B Array v2.0 (Life Technologies) with TaqMan Universal PCR Master Mix on an ABI 7900HT Sequence Detection System.
Project description:To identify any differentially expressed miRNAs in the CD4+ T cells of lupus. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated as fine-tuning regulators controlling diverse biological processes at the level of posttranscriptional repression. Dysregulation of miRNAs has been described in various disease states, including human lupus. By using high-throughput microRNA profiling analysis, we identified that two miRNAs (miR-21 and miR-148a) overexpressed in CD4+ T cells from both lupus patients and lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice,which promote cell hypomethylation by repressing DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) expression. We isolated the splenic CD4+ T cells and B cells from MRL/lpr mice at 5 and 16 weeks of age.Cells were collected and total RNA was extracted for the TaqMan® Low Density Assay v2.0 Normalization was performed with snoRNA202, reference snRNAs for mouse.Comparative real-time PCR was performed in triplicate, including no-template.controls. Relative expression was calculated with the comparative cycle threshold method.
Project description:The study sought to determine the global miRNA profiles of mouse pancreatic cell lines aTC1-6 and bTC1 at steady state and after treatment with a cocktail of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL1b; IFNg and TNFa) for a time course of 24 and 48 hours. Inflammatory cocktail contains IL1b 50 IU/ml; IFNg 1000 IU/ml; TNFa 1000 IU/ml. MicroRNA expression profiles in both cell lines during the different experimental conditions were determined using TaqMan® Rodent miRNA A+B Cards Set v2.0 (TLDA, Life Technologies). MicroRNA profiles were measured in 3 independent biological replicates. qRT-PCR analysis of microRNAs of aTC1-6 treated with cytokines for 24 and 48 h and of their respective not-treated controls as well as of βTC1 cells not treated with cytokines. 180 ng RNA of each sample was reverse transcribed through Megaplex™ RT Rodent Primer Pool sets A and B, and preamplified through Megaplex™ PreAmp Rodent Primer Pool sets (Lifetechnologies™). Complementary DNA (cDNA) was amplified usingTaqMan® Rodent miRNA A+B Cards Set v2.0 (Life Technologies™) with TaqMan Universal PCR Master Mix on an ABI 7900HT Sequence Detection System.
Project description:Newborn Balb/c mice were injected with 1.5x10^6 fluorescent-forming units (ffu) of Rhesus rotavirus type-A or 0.9% NaCl (normal saline) intraperitoneally within 24 hours of birth to induce experimental model of biliary atresia. The extrahepatic bile ducts including gallbladder were microdissected en bloc at 3, 7 and 14 days after rhesus rotavirus or saline injection. TaqMan® Array Rodent MicroRNA Card v2.0 (A and B) were used to screen microRNAs whose expression was differently regulated after rhusus rotavirus injection compare to the normal saline controls. microRNA expression profiling. Each experimental conditon has 3 sets samples . Two to six extrahepatic bileducts were pooled prior to total RNA isolation depending on the size to ensure adequate RNA quantities to perform experiments quantifying microRNA expression.
Project description:Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) could be a stress factor that affects microRNA regulation and function in macrophages. The production of microRNAs (miRNA) is influenced by various stimuli, including environmental stresses. We hypothesized that ROS-associated stress could regulate macrophage miRNA synthesis. p47phox-/- mice have deficient NADPH oxidase activity resulting in decreased ROS production. We cultured bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) from wild type (WT) and p47phox-/- mice and profiled miRNA expression using microarrays. The microarray data reveals that there are differences in the expression levels of different miRs, and our studies suggest functional crosstalk between ROS and miR-451 in the regulation of macrophage oxidant stress. Mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) were obtained from WT (wild type) and p47phox-/- mice. MicroRNAs were isolated by using the mirVana miRNA kit, and a TaqMan rodent microRNA array (consisting of Megaplex RT Primers, Rodent Pool-A, Applied Biosystems) was used for microarray. The array enables quantitation of the expression levels of up to 380 microRNAs and controls. Rodent Pool A contains reverse transcription (RT) primers for 335 and 238 unique microRNAs for mouse and rat, respectively, plus 4 species-specific controls. The data were analyzed on RQ manager software (Qiagen, SA Biosciences) and normalized to the endogenous controls, and analyzed for fold change of miRs in WT compared to p47phox-/-.
Project description:To identify microRNA changes during plasmacytoid dendritic cell (PDC) activation, we stimulated human primary PDCs with 10ug/ml R837 (Invivogen, San Diego, CA, USA) for 4 hours. Purified human pDCs were divided into two parts: one was cultured with medium alone, another was cultured with R837. 4 hours later, cells were collected and total RNA was extracted for the TaqMan® Human MicroRNA Arrays. The experiment was duplicated (sample1 and sample2).
Project description:Analysis of microRNA expression in keratinocytes by relative quantification (RQ) using the comparative Ct method. Real-time quantitative PCR analysis of microRNA in keratinocytes or reconstituted epidermis exposed to IL-22, LPS or UV radiation or a small molecule drug. Keratinocytes or reconstituted human epidermis were exposed to indicated treatments. A qPCR analysis of 365 microRNAs in keratinocytes. RNA (20 ng per reaction) reverse transcribed using 8 x Multiplex RT pools. Each resulting cDNA pool was mixed with TaqMan Universal PCR Master Mix and loaded in corresponding port on the TaqMan Array.
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated as fine-tuning regulators controlling diverse biological processes at the level of posttranscriptional repression. Dysregulation of miRNAs has been described in various disease states, including inflammatory autoimmune diseases. By using high-throughput microRNA profiling analysis, we identified a series of miRNAs dysregulated in local inflammatory lesions of human patients with autoimmune diseases, as well as their relevant mouse models such as MRL/lpr. We isolated the kidneys tissues pooled from six female MRL/lpr mice or from three control mice. Total RNA was extracted for the TaqMan® Low Density Assay v3.0