Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

3

Sinus Microbiome Plays a Primary Role in Rhinosinusitis


ABSTRACT: Persistent mucosal inflammation and microbial infection are characteristic of Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS). Though mucosal microbiota dysbiosis is a characteristic feature of other chronic inflammatory diseases, the relationship between sinus microbiota composition and CRS is unknown. Here we demonstrate, using comparative microbiome profiling of a cohort of CRS patients and healthy subjects, that the sinus microbiota of CRS patients exhibit significantly reduced bacterial diversity. Characteristic of this community collapse is the depletion of multiple, phylogenetically distinct, Lactic Acid Bacteria and the concomitant increase in relative abundance of a single species, Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum. Recapitulating the conditions observed in our human cohort in a murine model confirmed the pathogenic potential of C. tuberculostearicum and the critical necessity for a replete mucosal microbiota to protect against this species. Moreover, we provide evidence that Lactobacillus sakei, identified from our comparative microbiome analyses as a potentially protective species, affords defense against C. tuberculostearicum sinus infection, even in the context of a depleted sinus bacterial community. These studies demonstrate that sinus mucosal health is highly dependent on the composition of the resident microbiota, and identifies a new sino-pathogen and a strong bacterial candidate for therapeutic intervention. A total of 14 samples were profiled for microbiome composition: 7 from non-sinusitis patients, and 7 from patients with clinically diagnosed chronic sinusitis.

ORGANISM(S): human nasopharyngeal metagenome  

SUBMITTER: Frederick C Roediger   Steven D Pletcher  Nicole A Abreu  Susan V Lynch  Nabeetha A Nagalingam  Yuanlin Song  Susan Lynch  Andrew N Goldberg 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-37850 | ArrayExpress | 2012-07-31

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE37850PRJNA163889

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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