Real-time quantitative PCR analysis of Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVEC)
ABSTRACT: In order to identify new markers of vascular cell senescence with potential in vivo implications, primary cultured Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVECs), were analysed for microRNA (miR) expression. QRT-PCR microRNA expression profiling in 3 senescent (XIII passage) vs. 3 young HUVECs (II passage).
Project description:Purpose: To identify tissue microRNAs predictive of sunitinib activity in patients with metastatic renal-cell carcinoma (MRCC) and to validate them in a cellular model. Selected microRNAs were studied in serum from MRCC patients and healthy individuals. Methods: We screened 673 microRNAs using TaqMan Low-density Arrays (TLDAs) in tumors from MRCC patients with extreme phenotypes of marked efficacy and resistance to sunitinib, selected from an identification cohort (n=41). Differentially expressed microRNAs were selected using bioinformatics-based target prediction analysis and quantified by qRT-PCR in tumors from patients presenting similar phenoytpes selected from an independent cohort (n=117). Results were validated in a cellular model of sunitinib resistance and studied in serum from healthy individuals and MRCC patients. Results: TLDAs identified 64 microRNAs differentially expressed in the identification cohort. Seven candidates were quantified by qRT-PCR in the independent series. MiR-942 was the most accurate predictor of sunitinib efficacy (p=0.0074). High expression of miR-942, miR-133a, miR484, and miR-628-5p was significantly associated with decreased time-to-progression and overall survival. These microRNAs were overexpressed in the sunitinib resistant cell line Caki-2 in comparison with the sensitive parental cell line. Serum levels of miR-942, miR-133a, miR-484, miR-146a-5p, miR-374a and miR-486-5p were significantly reduced in MRCC patients compared to healthy controls. Conclusions: Our strategy identified differentially expressed microRNAs in MRCC patients presenting marked sensitivity and resistance to sunitinib. Mir-942 was the best predictor of efficacy. Results were confirmed in a cellular model of sunitinib resistance. We also identified exosome derived serum microRNAs differentially expressed in MRCC patients and healthy individuals. Taqman Low Density Array for 6 FFPE tissues obtained from extreme phenotype MRCC patients, (n=3 marked resistance to sunitinib treatment patients and n=3 marked sensitivity to sunitinib treatment patients), was performanced to screen 667 microRNAs.
Project description:Dysregulated miRNA in human colorectal cancer (CRC) were identified through comparison between 4 CRC tumors and their adjacent normal tissues by miRNA array. Histologically-confirmed CRC were included in this study. CRC tissues and paired adjacent normal tissues were obtained from the resected surgical specimens. The adjacent normal tissue is composed of normal colonic mucosa located at approximately 10 cm away from the cancer tissue. miRNA profiling of 754 human miRNAs was performed using TaqMan Human MiRNA Array Set v3.0. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) was performed using Applied Biosystems 7900HT Real-Time PCR System (Applied Biosystems). Results were analyzed by the SDS RQ Manager 1.2 software (Applied Biosystems). 4 CRC tissues and 4 adjacent normal tissues were subjucted to qPCR based miRNA expression profiling. Equal amount of total RNA were used for analysis.
Project description:miRNA expression profiling was performed on MM.1S MM cells cultured 8 hours in control media or 50nM RGB-286638, with or without BMSCs. The emerging role of miRNAs in the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma (MM) led us to hypothesize that the miRNA network might be among the inducible transcriptional alterations consequent to MM-bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC) interactions. Our data suggests that BMSC induced MM transcription led to aberrant miRNA expression. We therefore hypothesized that agents interfering with RNAPII transcription might inhibit aberrant miRNA expression in MM. To test this hypothesis we used RGB-286638, a novel protein kinase inhibitor, which works primarily via RNAPII inhibition followed by transcriptional arrest in MM cells. miRNA profiling of RGB-286638-exposed MM cells resulted in RNAPII arrest associated with reduced miRNA levels. RGB-286638 abrogated BMSCs-induced miRNAs, which correlated with growth arrest in MM cells. Analysis of RGB-286638-induced differentially-expressed miRNAs in MM cells, in the presence or absence of BMSCs, revealed RNAPII regulation of expression of BMSC-inducible miRNAs with established oncogenic functions in MM Our findings demonstrate the role of RNAPII in regulating miRNA network, suggesting a new rationale for using agents interfering with RNAPII transcription in the treatment of MM. TaqMan Low-Density Array (TLDA) using human miRNA version 2.0A and version 3.0B cards (Applied Biosystems) were applied to examine the global change of miRNA expression levels in MM.1S cells when co-cultured with BMSCs, with or without RGB-286638 treatment. A total of 756 mature miRNA updated in the Sanger miRBase v.15.0 were quantified according to the manufacturer's instructions as previously described. miRNAs with Ct values higher than 37 were excluded from the analysis. Normalization was carried out with the mean of RNU44 and RNU48. Relative quantification of miRNA expression was calculated with the 2−ΔΔCt Ct method using the ddCt program (Shannon McCormack Advanced Molecular Diagnostics Laboratory Research Services). The data was presented as log10 of the relative quantity of each miRNA.
Project description:HUVECs were cultured in hypoxic conditions for 24 hours and treated or not with 1uM caffeic acid. Then cells were evaluated for expression of different genes involved in angiogenesis
Project description:We examined the transcriptional responses in kidney infiltrating T cells 6 hrs after IRI CD3 (+) T cells were purified applying magnetic beads to mononuclear cells extracted from kidney by percoll gradient methods. The total T-cell RNA was isolated, and trabscript abundance measured with array-based PCR
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNAs that fine-tune gene expression, play multiple roles in the cell, including cell fate specification. We have analyzed the differential expression of miRNAs during fibroblast reprogramming into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and endoderm induction in iPSCs upon treatment with high concentrations of Activin-A in reduced serum. During reprogramming, adult mouse fibroblasts are converted into cells that resemble embryonic stem cells (ESCs) according to standard molecular and functional assays for pluripotency. The reprogrammed iPSCs assume an ESC-like miRNA signature, marked by the strong induction of pluripotency clusters miR-290-295 and miR-302/367 and conversely the downregulation of the let-7 family. On the other hand, endoderm induction in iPSCs results in the upregulation of 13 miRNAs. Given that the liver and the pancreas are common derivatives of the endoderm, the comparison of the expression levels of these 13 upregulated miRNAs with those in hepatocytes and pancreatic islets suggests a trend of miRNA upregulation in the endoderm tending towards an islet phenotype rather than that of a hepatocyte. These observations provide insights into how differentiation may be guided more efficiently towards the endoderm and further into the liver or pancreas. Moreover, we also report novel miRNAs enriched for each of the cell types analyzed. Stemloop RT-qPCR gene expression profiling. REPROGRAMMING: Differentially expressed miRNAs were determined between iPSCs (n=5 clones) and parent tail-tip fibroblasts (n=5) using mESCs R1 (n=3) and D3 (n=3). DIFFERENTIATION: Differentially expressed miRNAs were also analyzed in two iPSC clones upon treatment with Activin-A (n=2 each), and between primary mouse hepatocytes (n=3) and pancreatic islets (n=3).
Project description:Background: Identifying the immune components that are regulated by a2NTD, a peptide cleaved from the N-terminus of the a2 vacuolar ATPase. Methods: In this study, we used pathway-focused PCR arrays to determine the genes that are regulated in human monocytic cell line, THP-1 after a2NTD stimulation over time. Results: a2NTD up-regulated several cytokines including IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, and IL-10. Several chemokines were also upregulated including the MCP and MIP families. Conclusion: We believe a2NTD to be an immune modulator made by tumor cells that aid in preventing immune surveillance by up-regulating proteins in monocytes that are both pro-and anti-inflammatory in nature. The Human Inflammatory Response and Autoimmunity RT² Profiler™ PCR Array profiles the expression of 84 key genes involved in autoimmune and inflammatory immune responses. It represents the expression of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines as well as their receptors. It also contains genes related to the metabolism of cytokines and involved in cytokine-cytokine receptor interactions. Thoroughly researched panels of genes involved in the acute-phase response, inflammatory response, and humoral immune responses are represented as well. Using real-time PCR, you can easily and reliably analyze expression of a focused panel of genes related to inflammatory and autoimmune responses with this array.
Project description:To identify microRNA changes during plasmacytoid dendritic cell (PDC) activation, we stimulated human primary PDCs with 10ug/ml R837 (Invivogen, San Diego, CA, USA) for 4 hours. Purified human pDCs were divided into two parts: one was cultured with medium alone, another was cultured with R837. 4 hours later, cells were collected and total RNA was extracted for the TaqMan® Human MicroRNA Arrays. The experiment was duplicated (sample1 and sample2).
Project description:Acute pulmonary embolism (APE) remains among the most formidable challenges facing public health practice in the 21st century. Accurate diagnosis of APE is severely hindered by the lack of biomarkers with both high sensitivity and specificity. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) involve various pathophysiologic processes underlying multitudinous diseases. Accmulating evidences point to the fact that miRNAs may serve as ideal biomarkers.The aim of the present study was to explore the potential of plasma miRNAs as biomarkers for diagnosis of APE. Two TaqMan miRNA arrays were performed on plasma of 10 APE patients and 10 healthy controls.
Project description:Macrophages are a major cellular component of all inflammatory situations, generating proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha, IL-1, and IL-6 that are central to the initiation and maintenance of inflammation. To determine whether the tumor suppressor ARF plays a role in inflammatory gene expression, we used an 84-gene RT2 PCR array to examine the expression of inflammation-associated genes in WT and ARF-deficient macrophages treated with the TLR4 ligand LPS. Peritoneal macrophages from WT and ARF-deficient mice were obtained and treated with LPS (200ng/ml) for 4 hours. WT control (without stimulation n=4), WT LPS (n=4), ARF Control (n=4), ARF LPS (n=4)