Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

33

Gene expression changes in the fetal rhesus monkey uterus from early to late gestation and the effects of in utero exposure to BPA


ABSTRACT: We used the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) as our animal model for the current study with two goals: to characterize the changes in histology and gene expression from early to late gestation (prenatal uterine organogenesis) and to determine if there are effects of prenatal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) on the developing female uterus. Pregnant rhesus monkeys carrying a female fetus (N=22) were divided into two experimental groups, based on gestational timing: 'early' (N=10) and 'late' (N=12). These groups were then equally sub-divided into control (unexposed) and BPA (exposed) groups (5 Early Control, 5 Early BPA-exposed, 6 Late Control and 6 Late BPA-exposed.) The BPA-exposed monkeys received a deuterated BPA (dBPA, CDN Isotopes, Quebec, Canada) fruit treat on a daily basis, at a dose of 400ug/kg/day). The dosing was aimed at achieving serum levels of BPA detected in adult human biomonitoring studies. The control animals received a vehicle control on a daily basis. The 'early' time period (mid-gestation) referred to gestational days 50-100, approximating the second trimester of human gestation. The fetal monkeys in the 'early' group were delivered via cesarean section on gestation day 100 and euthanized. Samples of maternal and fetal blood and amniotic fluid were obtained. Maternal and fetal weights were also recorded. The 'late' time period referred to gestational days 100-165, approximating the third trimester of human gestation. The fetal monkeys in the 'late' group were delivered vaginally and euthanized. There were five idiopathic stillbirths (2 Control, 3 BPA-exposed) in the late group. Samples of maternal and fetal blood and amniotic fluid were obtained. Maternal and fetal weights were also recorded. After delivery, the fetal uterus was excised and cut sagitally from fundus to cervix; one side was fixed for histological evaluation and the other half was frozen for analysis of gene expression by microarray. The stillbirths were excluded from the microarray.

ORGANISM(S): Macaca mulatta  

SUBMITTER: C A VandeVoort  Carmen J Williams   Kevin E Gerrish   S L Young   Kathryn C Calhoun   P A Hunt   Elizabeth Padilla-Banks   NIEHS Microarray Core    

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-38421 | ArrayExpress| 2014-06-03

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE38421PRJNA167823

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications


Bisphenol A (BPA) exposure results in numerous developmental and functional abnormalities in reproductive organs in rodent models, but limited data are available regarding BPA effects in the primate uterus. To determine if maternal oral BPA exposure affects fetal uterine development in a non-human primate model, pregnant rhesus macaques carrying female fetuses were exposed orally to 400 µg/kg BPA or vehicle control daily from gestation day (GD) 50-100 or GD100-165. Fetal uteri were collected at  ...[more]

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