Histone deacetylation at coding sequences adjusts transcription kinetics during Candida albicans morphogenesis [ChIP-seq]
ABSTRACT: The dataset contains ChIP-Seq data of the Set3 and Hos2 proteins in Candida albicans, assayed in two morphological phases (yeast and hypha). The Set3 and Hos2 proteins in the respective strains carry 9myc epitopes and ChIP was performed with an anti-myc antibody. Included samples are the following: 1 input and 1 ChIP sample of an untagged wild type strain as negative control assayed in the yeast phase, 1 input and 3 ChIP biological replicates of the Set3-9myc strain in the yeast phase, 1 input and 2 ChIP biological replicates of the Set3-9myc strain in the hypha phase, 1 input and 2 ChIP biological replicates of the Hos2-9myc strain in the yeast phase, 1 input and 2 ChIP biological replicates of the Hos2-9myc strain in the hypha phase, 1 input and 3 ChIP biological replicates of Set3-9myc in a set1delta/delta background in the yeast phase. ChIP-Seq was performed of Candida albicans strains in two morphological phases (yeast and hypha). Yeast-phase cells were grown to the exponential phase in YPD at 30C. Hyphal differentiation was induced by resuspending the cells in YPD+20% Fetal Calf Serum and a shift of the growth temperature to 37C. Induction was performed for 30 minutes. Cells were crosslinked with 1% formaldehyde for 15 minutes at room temperature.
Project description:Transcriptome analysis of wild type and set3-deficient Candida albicans cells in yeast and hyphal morphological phases RNA Sequencing was performed of wild type and set3-deficient Candida albicans strains in two morphological phases (yeast and hypha). Yeast-phase cells were grown to the exponential phase in YPD at 30oC. Hyphal differentiation was induced by resuspending the cells in YPD+20% Fetal Calf Serum and a shift of the growth temperature to 37oC. Induction was performed for 30 minutes. Three biological replicates of both genotypes in each morphological phases were analyzed.
Project description:The accompanying dataset is the result of a systematic study to identify the RNA cargoes associated with the cytoskeletal motor proteins of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We immunopurified, via the use of integrated, C-terminal GFP and 9Myc tags, the five actomyosin motors, Myo1, Myo2, Myo3, Myo4, and Myo5; the kinesin-like proteins Kar3, Kip1, Kip2, Kip3, and Smy1; and the dynein, Dyn1, from S. cerevisiae. Cells were either treated with formaldehyde or with the small molecule latrunculin B. We used formaldehyde crosslinking to stabilize associations between motors proteins and interacting RNAs before IP. Yeast cells growing exponentially in rich medium were treated with formaldehyde, lysed and sonicated, then incubated with magnetic beads coupled to monoclonal antibodies against either 9Myc or GFP to isolate the tagged motor proteins along with any associated RNAs. After IP, the formaldehyde crosslinks were reversed and the enriched RNAs and RNAs purified from the corresponding total lysate were amplified and labeled respectively with Cy5 and Cy3, then jointly hybridized to custom-made, S. cerevisiae oligonucleotide microarrays (Hogan et al., PLoS Biology, 2008). Alternatively, the addition of a low concentration of latrunculin B (2 ug/ml) to live cells to partially solubilize the actin cytoskeleton allowed for successful IP of the motor proteins and associated mRNAs without the need for a chemical crosslinker. In both the case of latrunculin B and formaldehyde treatment, we also performed IPs in which the untagged parent yeast strains were processed for IP and microarray analysis in a manner identical to that of the tagged strains (labeled as mock). transcription profiling
Project description:Sfl1p and Sfl2p are two homologous heat shock factor-type transcriptional regulators that antagonistically control morphogenesis in Candida albicans, while being required for full pathogenesis and virulence. To understand how Sfl1p and Sfl2p exert their function, we combined genome-wide location and expression analyses to reveal their transcriptional targets in vivo together with the associated changes of the C. albicans transcriptome. We show that Sfl1p and Sfl2p bind to the promoter of at least 113 common targets through divergent binding motifs and modulate directly the expression of key transcriptional regulators of C. albicans morphogenesis and/or virulence. Surprisingly, we found that Sfl2p additionally binds to the promoter of 75 specific targets, including a high proportion of hyphal-specific genes (HSGs; HWP1, HYR1, ECE1, others), revealing a direct link between Sfl2p and hyphal development. Data mining pointed to a regulatory network in which Sfl1p and Sfl2p act as both transcriptional activators and repressors. Sfl1p directly represses the expression of positive regulators of hyphal growth (BRG1, UME6, TEC1, SFL2), while upregulating both yeast form-associated genes (RME1, RHD1,YWP1) and repressors of morphogenesis (SSN6, NRG1). On the other hand, Sfl2p directly upregulates HSGs and activators of hyphal growth (UME6, TEC1), while downregulating yeast form-associated genes and repressors of morphogenesis (NRG1, RFG1, SFL1). Using genetic interaction analyses, we provide further evidences that Sfl1p and Sfl2p antagonistically control C. albicans morphogenesis through direct modulation of the expression of important regulators of hyphal growth. Bioinformatic analyses suggest that binding of Sfl1p and Sfl2p to their targets occurs with the co-binding of Efg1p and/or Ndt80p. Indeed, we show that Sfl1p and Sfl2p targets are bound by Efg1p and that both Sfl1p and Sfl2p associate in vivo with Efg1p. Taken together, our data suggest that Sfl1p and Sfl2p act as central “switch on/off” proteins to coordinate the regulation of C. albicans morphogenesis. ChIP was performed in 2 independently grown C. albicans sfl1 or sfl2 homozygous mutant strains expressing (sfl1-CaEXP-SFL1-HA or sfl2-CaEXP-SFL2-HA, respectively) or not (sfl1-CaEXP or sfl2-CaEXP, respectively) SFL1-HA or SFL2-HA (-HA, 3'-triple-HA-tagged alleles of SFL1 or SFL2) under the control of a methionine-repressible promoter (Total samples = 8; 2xCaEXP-SFL1-HA, 2xCaEXP-SFL2-HA, 2xCaEXP control for SFL1-HA ChIP and 2xCaEXP control for SFL2-HA ChIP).
Project description:Recent studies have shown that the transcriptional landscape of the pleiomorphic fungus Candida albicans is highly dependent upon growth conditions. Here using a dual RNA-seq approach we identified 299 C. albicans and 72 Streptococcus gordonii genes that were either up- or down-regulated specifically as a result of co-culturing these human oral cavity microorganisms. Seventy five C. albicans genes involved in responses to chemical stimuli, regulation, homeostasis, protein modification and cell cycle were statistically (P ≤0.05) upregulated, while 36 genes mainly involved in transport and translation were down-regulated. Upregulation of filamentation-associated TEC1 and FGR42 genes, and of ALS1 adhesin gene, concurred with previous evidence that the C. albicans yeast to hypha transition is promoted by S. gordonii. Increased expression of genes required for arginine biosynthesis in C. albicans was potentially indicative of a novel oxidative stress response. The transcriptional response of S. gordonii to C. albicans was less dramatic, with only eight S. gordonii genes significantly (P ≤0.05) up-regulated ≥ twofold (glpK, rplO, celB, rplN, rplB, rpsE, ciaR, and gat). The expression patterns suggest that signals from S. gordonii cause a positive filamentation response in C. albicans, while S. gordonii appears to be transcriptionally less influenced by C. albicans. Five Samples; Sample 1 - Candida albicans cells grown in hypha inducing conditions for two hours; Sample 2 - Candida albicans cells grown in hypha-inducing conditions for two hours before co-culture with Streptococcus gordonii cells for one hour in a 2:1 rato; Sample 3 - Candida albicans cells grown in hypha-inducing conditions for two hours before culture in Streptococcus gordonii media for one hour; Sample 4 - Candida albicans cells grown in hypha inducing conditions for two hours, filtered to remove Candida albicans cells and media added to Streptococcus gordonii cells for one hour; Sample 5 - Streptococcus gordonii cells alone for one hour. All samples extracted and sequenced in biological triplicate using Illumina HiSeq2500. Samples 1, 2 and 3 aligned to the reference genome for Candida albicans and Samples 2, 4 and 5 aligned to the reference genome for Streptococcus gordonii.
Project description:Following antifungal treatment, Candida albicans, and other human pathogenic fungi can undergo microevolution, which leads to the emergence of drug resistance. However, the capacity for microevolutionary adaptation of fungi goes beyond the development of drug resistance. Here we used an experimental microevolution approach to show that one of the central pathogenicity mechanisms of C. albicans, the yeast-to-hyphae transition, can be subject to experimental evolution. The C. albicans cph1Δ/efg1Δ mutant is non-filamentous, as central signalling pathways linking environmental cues to hypha formation are disrupted. We subjected this mutant to constant selection pressure in the hostile environment of the macrophage phagosome. In a comparatively short time-frame, the mutant evolved the ability to escape macrophages by filamentation. To investigate the transcriptional response underlying the yeast-to-filament transition in the evolved strain, we applied RNA-Seq technology. Furthermore, RNA-Seq data were used to identify SNPs, which are specific for the evolved strain. For both strains, the cph1Δ/efg1Δ mutant and the Evo-strain, two conditions, one promotes yeast growth the other filamentous growth, were investigated. For each condition three biological replicates were analysed.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling was performed on cells grown in YEPD medium at 28 °C to an OD600 nm = 1.8, in case of cells grown in exponential phase; alternatively, cells were growth in 1% N-acetylglucosamine and 50 mM citrate buffer pH6.0 at 28 °C for different times points (15, 60 and 180 minutes) to induce yeast-hypha transition.
Project description:In fission yeast the SET domain protein, Set3p is required for the reliable execution of cytokinesis. To address whether the deletion of the set3 gene might selectively alter expression of cytokinesis genes, expression profiling of wildtype and set3D strains was performed. Wild-type or set3D strains were grown to mid-log phase in YES media and treated with 0.5 mM LatA (or the solvent control, DMSO) for three hours at 30 degrees C. Three biological replicates were performed.