Dataset Information


Expression analysis of the glucose deprivation-induced human tumor cell responses

ABSTRACT: The tumor microenvironment is characterized by low glucose and hypoxia. It is well known that changes in the tumor microenvironment, such as hypoxia and low glucose, can increase the production of VEGF. Although the role of hypoxia in the regulation of VEGF production is well understood, the mechanism linking glucose deprivation (GD) to tumor growth and angiogenesis is unclear. Here, GD (a physiological stimulus) was used to treat human tumor cells. The transcriptional reprogramming of tumor cells by GD was measured with microarray technology to provide a comprehensive analysis of the gene expression profile underlying the GD treatment. Our study suggested that GD initiates an angiogenic switch by increasing the expression of proangiogenic mediators (VEGF, FGF2, IL6, etc.) and decreasing the expression of angiogenesis inhibitors (THBS1, CXCL14 and CXCL10). The markers of Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) (Grp78/Bip, CHOP, ATF4, etc.) were significantly increased. The above results suggest GD may regulate angiogenesis through activation of the UPR. UM-SCC-81B cells (human oral squamous cell carcinoma cell line) were treated with glucose deprivation (GD) for 4 hours (UM-SCC-81B-GD-4) and 24 hours (UM-SCC-81B-GD24). Cells without treatment were used as a non-treatment control (UM-SCC-81B-NT). Each sample was analyzed once, i.e., without biological replicates. The expression of the genes of interest was confirmed with real-time PCR, ELISA and Western blot.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Yu Ning   Taocong Jin  Peter J Polverini  yugang wang  Goleeta Alam  Yugang Wang 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-38583 | ArrayExpress | 2012-10-25



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The unfolded protein response induces the angiogenic switch in human tumor cells through the PERK/ATF4 pathway.

Wang Yugang Y   Alam Goleeta N GN   Ning Yu Y   Visioli Fernanda F   Dong Zhihong Z   Nör Jacques E JE   Polverini Peter J PJ  

Cancer research 20120820 20

Neovascularization is a limiting factor in tumor growth and progression. It is well known that changes in the tumor microenvironment, such as hypoxia and glucose deprivation (GD), can induce VEGF production. However, the mechanism linking GD to tumor growth and angiogenesis is unclear. We hypothesize that GD induces the angiogenic switch in tumors through activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR). We report that UPR activation in human tumors results in elevated expression of proangiogen  ...[more]

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