Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

125

MicroRNA miR-223 constrains lethal inflammation during Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection


ABSTRACT: The molecular mechanisms that control innate cell recruitment during chronic infection and inflammation, such as tuberculosis (TB), are incompletely understood. During TB, myeloid cells infiltrate the lung and sustain local inflammation. We identified microRNA (miR)-223 as one of the most abundant noncoding RNAs in lung parenchyma of TB patients and susceptible mice. MiR-223 controlled lung recruitment of myeloid cells, and consequently, neutrophil-driven lethal inflammation, by directly targeting the chemoattractants CXCL2, CCL3 and IL-6. Our study reveals an essential role for a single miR in TB. Moreover, we identify new targets for and assign novel biological functions to miR-223. By regulating leukocyte chemotaxis via chemoattractants, miR223 is critical for control of TB and probably other nonresolving inflammatory diseases. MicroRNAs expression analysis in whole blood from 8 TB and 8 TST+ subjects. The samples were collected at Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda. Gene expression analysis of whole blood and lung tissue of C57/BL6 and miR-223-/- mouse strains (8-12 weeks of age) after Mtb aerosol infection. Samples were collected at 7, 14 and 21 days post infection.

ORGANISM(S): Musculus  

SUBMITTER: Hans-Joachim Mollenkopf   Marco Iannaccone  Stefan H Kaufmann  Anca Dorhoi 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-39163 | ArrayExpress | 2014-04-21

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE39163PRJNA170123

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications


The molecular mechanisms that control innate immune cell trafficking during chronic infection and inflammation, such as in tuberculosis (TB), are incompletely understood. During active TB, myeloid cells infiltrate the lung and sustain local inflammation. While the chemoattractants that orchestrate these processes are increasingly recognized, the posttranscriptional events that dictate their availability are unclear. We identified microRNA-223 (miR-223) as an upregulated small noncoding RNA in bl  ...[more]

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