ABSTRACT: To elucidate the molecular features of craniofacial versus trunk neural crest cells (NCCs), we utilized P0-Cre/Floxed-EGFP mice that specifically label NCCs (Yamauchi et al., 1999 (PMID 10419695)). Craniofacial and trunk regions were isolated from P0-Cre/Floxed-EGFP mouse embryos at embryonic day E12.5, and dissociated cells were analyzed by flow cytometory in regard to the intensity of EGFP. In this study, we performed at least duplicate experiments for each of the four groups (Craniofacial EGFP+, Trunk EGFP+, Craniofacial EGFP-, Trunk EGFP-). Total of 9 samples.
Project description:To elucidate the molecular features of craniofacial versus trunk neural crest cells (NCCs), we utilized P0-Cre/Floxed-EGFP mice that specifically label NCCs (Yamauchi et al., 1999 (PMID 10419695)). Craniofacial and trunk regions were isolated from P0-Cre/Floxed-EGFP mouse embryos at embryonic day E12.5, and dissociated cells were analyzed by flow cytometory in regard to the intensity of EGFP. Overall design: In this study, we performed at least duplicate experiments for each of the four groups (Craniofacial EGFP+, Trunk EGFP+, Craniofacial EGFP-, Trunk EGFP-). Total of 9 samples.
Project description:The outstanding differentiation capacities and easier access from adult tissues, cells derived from neural crest cells (NCCs) have fascinated scientists in developmental biology and regenerative medicine. Differentiation potentials of NCCs are known to depend on their originating regions. Here, we report differential molecular features between craniofacial (cNCCs) and trunk (tNCCs) NCCs by analyzing transcription profiles and sphere forming assays of NCCs from P0-Cre/floxed-EGFP mouse embryos. We identified up-regulation of genes linked to carcinogenesis in cNCCs that were not previously reported to be related to NCCs, which was considered to be, an interesting feature in regard with carcinogenic potentials of NCCs such as melanoma and neuroblastoma. Wnt signal related genes were statistically up-regulated in cNCCs, also suggesting potential involvement of cNCCs in carcinogenesis. We also noticed intense expression of mesenchymal and neuronal markers in cNCCs and tNCCs, respectively. Consistent results were obtained from in vitro sphere-forming and differentiation assays. These results were in accordance with previous notion about differential potentials of cNCCs and tNCCs. We thus propose that sorting NCCs from P0-Cre/floxed-EGFP mice might be useful for the basic and translational research of NCCs. Furthermore, these newly-identified genes up-regulated in cNCC would provide helpful information on NC-originating tumors, developmental disorders in NCC derivatives, and potential applications of NCCs in regenerative medicine.
Project description:BACKGROUND: Neural crest cells (NCCs) are embryonic, multipotent stem cells. Their long-range and precision-guided migration is one of their most striking characteristics. We previously reported that P0-Cre/CAG-CAT-lacZ double-transgenic mice showed significant lacZ expression in tissues derived from NCCs. RESULTS: In this study, by embedding a P0-Cre/CAG-CAT-EGFP embryo at E9.5 in collagen gel inside a culture glass slide, we were able to keep the embryo developing ex vivo for more than 24 hours; this development was with enough NCC fluorescent signal intensity to enable single-cell resolution analysis, with the accompanying NCC migration potential intact and with the appropriate NCC response to the extracellular signal maintained. By implantation of beads with absorbed platelet-derived growth factor-AA (PDGF-AA), we demonstrated that PDGF-AA acts as an NCC-attractant in embryos.We also performed assays with NCCs isolated from P0-Cre/CAG-CAT-EGFP embryos on culture plates. The neuromediator 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) has been known to regulate NCC migration. We newly demonstrated that dopamine, in addition to 5-HT, stimulated NCC migration in vitro. Two NCC populations, with different axial levels of origins, showed unique distribution patterns regarding migration velocity and different dose-response patterns to both 5-HT and dopamine. CONCLUSIONS: Although avian species predominated over the other species in the NCC study, our novel system should enable us to use mice to assay many different aspects of NCCs in embryos or on culture plates, such as migration, division, differentiation, and apoptosis.
Project description:To identify molecular biomarkers that are useful for diagnosis and its targeting treatment, we analysed expression profile of synovial sarcoma tissue. In the present study, we studied gene expression profiles comparing 11 cases of synovial sarcoma.
Project description:To identify molecular biomakers that are useful for diagnosis and its targeting treatment, we compared the gene expression profile of myxiod liposarcoma with that of normal fat tissue. In the present study, we studied about gene expression profiles comparing 6 non-preoperative myxoid liposarcoma with 3 normal fat tissue.
Project description:The change of mRNA expression in murine immortalized podocyte were analyzed after miR-26a silencing. These results provide a basical information of molecular pathology in podocyte biology. Mouse podocytes immortalized by temperature sensitive SV40 were used. Podocyte cultures grown at 33 °C were trypsinized and then cultured with RPMI-1640 without antibiotics in 24-well plates at 60–70% confluence for 2 days. On day 3, an anti-miR negative control (40 pmol) or the miR-26a miRNA inhibitor (40 pmol) was transfected to podocytes. The cells were analyzed after culturing for 24 hour.
Project description:Comprehensive gene expression analysis in BM-resident stromal cells was performed for an overview of BM environmental change caused by total body irradiation (TBI). Total RNA samples collected from BM-resident stromal cells with or without TBI were subjected to high sensitivity DNA microarray assays Three-condition experiment: Unirradiated, 1 day after TBI and 3 days after TBI. Bone marrow stromal cells were obtained from C57BL/6 mice (n = 6) either non-irradiated or after 9.5 Gy irradiation at indicated times.
Project description:Recent studies have demonstrated that micro (mi)RNA molecules can be detected in the circulation and can serve as potential biomarkers of various diseases. This study used microarray analysis to identify aberrantly expressed circulating miRNAs in patients with type 1 autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) compared with healthy controls. Patients with well-documented and untreated AIH were selected from the National Hospital Organization (NHO)-AIH-liver-network database. They underwent blood sampling and liver biopsy with inflammation grading and fibrosis staging before receiving treatment. To further confirm the microarray data, circulating expression levels of miR-21 and miR-122 were quantified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction in 46 AIH patients, 40 patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC), and 15 healthy controls. Consistent with the microarray data, serum levels of miR-21 were significantly elevated in AIH patients compared with CHC patients and healthy controls. miR-21 and miR-122 serum levels correlated with alanine aminotransferase levels. Circulating levels of miR-21 and miR-122 were significantly reduced in AIH patients with liver cirrhosis, and were inversely correlated with increased stages of fibrosis. By contrast, levels of circulating miR-21 showed a significant correlation with the histological grades of inflammation in AIH. We postulate that aberrantly expressed serum miRNAs are potential biomarkers of AIH and could be implicated in AIH pathogenesis. Alternations of miR-21 and miR-122 serum levels could reflect their putative roles in the mediation of inflammatory processes in AIH. Case-control study, steroid treatment
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of left ventricular tissues of Dahl rat with or without treatment of chaetocin Three-condition experiment, Control vs. failing heart, failing heart vs. treatment with chaetocin. 3 samples mixture per each group
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of mouse osteoclasts comparing control osteoclasts from Stat5 flox mice with osteoclasts from Stat5 cKO mice. Two-condition experiment, Stat5 flox cells vs. Stat5 cKO cells