Affymetrix SNP 6.0 array data from neuroendocrine primary tumor and its metastasis
ABSTRACT: Reports on common mutations in neuroendocrine tumors (NET) are rare and clonality of NET metastases has not been investigated in this tumor entity yet. We selected a NET and a the corresponding lymph node and liver metastases as well as the derivative cell lines to screen for somatic mutations in the primary NET and to track the fate of genetic changes (by Affymetrix SNP 6.0 micorarray and targeted resequencing by 454 GS FLX) and during metastasis and in vitro progression. using Affymetrix SNP 6.0 Arrays. Affymetrix SNP 6.0 arrays were performed according to the manufacturer's directions on DNA extracted from cryo material or cell lines. Copy number analysis of Affymetrix SNP 6.0 arrays was performed for 4 samples. 60 samples from HapMap database were used as references for copy number inference.
Project description:Here we have used four enchondromas and two chondrosarcomas of Maffucci patients. We also had one normal sample available for paired analysis in one of the chondrosarcoma II. We did not find any LOH or coomon copy number variation in all Maffucci enchondromas while chondrosarcomas are genetically unstable. Affymetrix SNP 6.0 array was performed using 4 EC and 2CS of Maffucci patients. Illumina expression v3 array was possible to perform using only 1 EC and 2 CS due to rarity of the disease. For SNP array, we used 29 control samples submitted previously (GSE22965) to creat baseline.
Project description:Mutations in the PTH1R gene were reported but these mutations are limited to a small subgroup of patients. The etiology of Ollier disease is unknown. We therefore undertook genome-wide copy number and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis using Affymetrix SNP 6.0 arrays on 37 tumors of 28 Ollier patients in combination with expression array using Illumina Beadarray v3.0 for 7 tumors of 6 patients. We used Affymetrix SNP 6.0 to find out LOH and copy number alterations in Ollier tumors. To understand the genetic mechanism behind the development of enchondroma, we mainly focus on enchondromas and found alterations were validated. We used 14 enchondromas and 23 chondrosarcomas of 28 Ollier patients. We also used 30 controls (blood, saliva or frozen tissue). As controls, normal DNA derived from fresh frozen muscle tissue (n=3), peripheral blood lymphocytes (n=4) or saliva (n=4) was available for 11 Ollier patients and 3 patients with unrelated bone diseases. We used blood lymphocyte DNA from 12 healthy controls and 1 HapMap sample. We also isolated DNA from saliva for 3 of these controls to validate the use of saliva DNA in this study.
Project description:In this study we have screened 56 pairs of AML samples for cryptic copy number aberration and loss-of-heterozygosity. We have identified 80 CNAs among 56 patient samples; 21 containing <5 genes while 11 contained or were present within a single gene. Four (7%) patients carried gains at sub-telomeres on multiple chromosomes. Some of the cryptic regions are common with other recent studies while most are novel. Also, we show that it is better to analyse sample at diagnosis and sample at remission (paired control) both against a common unrelated control and then compare the two results than analysing the diagnostic sample directly against the paired control. Genomic DNA from 56 diagnostic AML samples were analysed using Affymetrix SNP 6.0 arrays. Genomic DNA at the time of remission from each patient served as paired-control. Prevalence of copy number aberrations and regions of homozygosity were identified.
Project description:Comparison between the copy number of differentially methylated sites between lymph node metastasis from melanoma patients with good prognosis and melanoma brain metastasis. All samples are taken from different patients, and were established as cell lines in the John Wayne Cancer Institute. Sixteen metastatic melanomas were run on Affymetrix Genome-Wide Human SNP Array 6.0. Lymph node metastases and brain metastases genetic copy number variations were compared.
Project description:East-Asian (EA) patients with Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) are associated with a high proportion of non-smoking women, EGFR activating somatic mutations, and clinical responses to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. We identify copy number alterations specific to EA and Western European (WE) NSCLCs and conducted an integrative analysis using transcritomic data for identifying copy-number-driven candidate genes. Samples were hybridized to Affymetrix Genome-Wide Human SNP 6.0 arrays according to the manufacturer’s specifications in the same center. 226 lung adenocarcinomas (90 East-Asian and 136 Western-European) were analyzed for copy-number aberrations (CNAs) using a common high resolution SNP microarray platform.
Project description:The identification of surrogate single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers that can predict responses to preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in rectal cancer patients. Genome-wide association studies in clinical populations are theoretically capable of identifying markers that are capable of tumor regression after CRT. We used Affymetrix’s SNP Array 6.0 to detail genetic polymorphism of patient’s group showing differential responsiveness to preoperative CRT and profiled SNP biomarkers. The chemoradiosensitivity of tumor tissue from the initial cohort of 43 patients was assessed using clinical responses of tumor regression grade (TRG). TRG was clinically categorized as complete response (CR) as TRG 1, dominant response (ER or finally as DR) as TRG 1 and 2, and efficient response (RYN or finally as ER) as TRG 1, 2, and 3 (TRG grade from Mandard et al, 1994). Blood DNAs were prepared from each patients and hybridized to Affymetrix’s SNP Array 6.0. Genotypes were determined using the Affymetrix Genotyping Console software (version 2.1) based on the BRLMM-P algorithm. We used an ANOVA test to identify SNPs associated with quantitative TRG responses.
Project description:In the majority of colorectal cancers (CRC) under clinical suspicion for a hereditary cause, the disease-causing genetic factors are still to be discovered. In order to identify such genetic factors we stringently selected a discovery cohort of 41 CRC index patients with microsatellite-stable tumors. All patients were below 40 years of age at diagnosis and/or exhibited an overt family history. We employed genome-wide copy number profiling using high-resolution SNP-based array CGH on germline DNA, which resulted in the identification of novel copy number variants (CNVs) in 6 patients (15%) encompassing, among others, the cadherin gene CDH18, the bone morphogenetic protein antagonist family gene GREM1, and the breakpoint cluster region gene BCR. In addition, two genomic deletions were encountered encompassing two microRNA genes, hsa-mir-491/KIAA1797 and hsa-mir-646/AK309218. None of these CNVs has previously been reported in relation to CRC predisposition in humans, nor were they encountered in large control cohorts (>1,600 unaffected individuals). Since several of these newly identified candidate genes may be functionally linked to CRC development, our results illustrate the potential of this approach for the identification of novel candidate genes involved in CRC predisposition. Copy number detection was performed using CNAG2.0 software for 250k SNP arrays and using the Affymetrix Genotyping Console v2.1 software for SNP 6.0 arrays, Reference genomes are included in this data set. Germline genomic DNA from 41 patients with early-onset microsatellite stable colorectal cancer was hybridized on Affymetrix Nsp/6.0 SNP-based arrays according to manufacturer's procedures.
Project description:Development of a new carcinoma cell line (HC-AFW1) derived from a pediatric liver tumor The cell line HC-AFW1 was derived from a 4 year old boy suffering from HCC through culturing and passage into immuno-deficient mice. The cell line is stable now for over 8 months of culture with a doubling time of 40 h. The tumor cells show an epithelial histology and express hepatoma proteins such as Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), Glypican 3, E-cadherin, CD10, CD326, HepPar1, Vimentin and Desmin. Catenin beta shows a deletion of 49 amino acids in the exon 3 involving the phosphorylation sites of GSK3 and is detectable in the cell nuclei. Cytogenetic analysis revealed large anomalies in the chromosomal map including chromosomal aberrations found in hepatoblastoma as well as in adult HCC. Copy number analysis of two different passages of HC-AFW1 cells Two tumor specimens were used for tissue culture and xenotransplantation into NSG mice. Tumor cells derived from xenografts were cultured and designated as HC-AFW1. DNA was analyzed from the passage 2 (2P2). HC-AFW2 was derived from tissue culture without transfer in to mice. Primary tissue samples were minced into pieces of 3x3 mm and cultured on 6 well plates (Becton Dickenson, Frankfurt, Germany) in DMEM (GIBCO BRL, Carlsbad, CA) supplemented with 10% FCS (growth medium). Cell cultures were maintained in a humidified atmosphere containing 5% CO2 at 37°C. For subculturing cells were detached from the culture surface using accutase in Dulbecco´s PBS containing 0.5mM EDTA (PAA Laboratories GmbH, Cölbe, Germany) for 2-3 minutes at 37°C. A sub-cultivation ratio of 1:4 and 1:6 was performed twice per week. Cells were stored in liquid nitrogen as a suspension in complete growth medium with 10% DMSO. DNA from patient blood and tumor samples was isolated with the QiaAmp DNA mini Kit according to manufacturer's instructions (Qiagen, Hilden, Germany). Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and copy number polymorphism (CNP) genotyping were performed using the Genome-Wide Human SNP Array 6.0 and Genotyping Console (GTC) software (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA).
Project description:A subset of ovarian cancer are characterized by 19q12 amplification. To perform funtional studies of this amplicon the profile has been determined by SNP analysis. Affymetrix SNP arrays were performed according to the manufacturer's directions on genomic DNA extracted from ovarian cancer cell lines OVCAR-3 and FU-OV-1
Project description:Lynch syndrome, caused by germline heterozygous mutations of the DNA mismatch repair genes MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 and PMS2, or deletions affecting the EPCAM gene upstream of MSH2, is characterized by a predisposition to early-onset colorectal and additional extracolonic cancers. An alternative but rare cause of Lynch syndrome is a constitutional epimutation of MLH1, which is characterized by promoter methylation and transcriptional silencing of a single allele in normal tissues. Worldwide, five families with autosomal dominant transmission of a constitutional MLH1 epimutation linked to an MLH1 haplotype with two single nucleotide variants (c.-27C>A and c.85G>T) have been identified. Array-based genotyping using Affymetrix SNP 6.0 data in four of these families revealed a shared haplotype extending across a ≤2.6 Mb region of chromosome 3p22 encompassing MLH1 and additional flanking genes, indicating common ancestry. Genomic DNA from 5 carriers of the c.-27C>A and c.85G>T variants was hybridized on Affymetrix SNP6.0 array according to manufacturer's procedures