ABSTRACT: Biologic functions involved in innate immune response of macrophages rely on the precise regulation of kinds of immune molecular. In the virus infection procession, the macrophages are activated following a tightly controlled genetic programme where specific sets of genes are up-regulated or down-regulated. We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression underlying VSV infection and identified distinct classes of up-regulated and down-regulated genes during this process. Mouse peritoneal macrophages were selected with/without VSV infection for 8 hours for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. We sought to obtain expression profiles. We selected macrophages according to VSV infection at two time-points: uninfected macrophage(control) and VSV infected for 8 hour macrophages(VSV).
Project description:To investigate whether and what miRNAs expression might be regulated by VSV (vesicular stomatitis virus?) challenge, we analyzed the miRNA expression profile of mouse primary peritoneal macrophages infected with VSV by using an array-based miRNA profiling. After the infection of VSV at MOI 10 for 48 h, the array revealed that many miRNAs were up-regulated in macrophages?
Project description:IRF3 is one of the most critical transcription factor in down stream of pattern recognition receptors (such as toll-like receptor and RIG-I-like receptor) signalling pathway. IRF3 is known to induce the expression of type I IFN gene upon virus infection. To furter examine the role of IRF3 in virus-induced gene expression, we preformed microarray analysis in IRF3-/- peritoneal macrophages infected with VSV, and found that IRF3 suppresses the expression of Il12b gene. Peritoneal macrophages from WT of IRF3-/- B6 mice were infected with VSV(1 M.O.I. ) for 6 hous, and then subjected to microarray analysis.
Project description:PPARg is a nuclear receptor that plays an important role in lipid metabolism, homeostasis and immunity. Microarray analysis of gene expression was performed in macrophages from WT and PPARg KO mice. Differentially expressed genes were selected for further analysis. RNA from WT and PPARg KO macrophages was purified for hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. Peritoneal macrophages were harvest from WT and PPARg KO mice 3 days after intraperitoneal injection of 2.5ml of 3% thioglycollate.
Project description:Immunological memory is generally thought to be mediated exclusively by lymphocytes such as memory T and B cells. However, enhanced innate immune responses caused by a previous infection increase protection against reinfection suggesting the presence of innate immunological memory. Here, we describe expression profile of peritoneal macrophages from wild-type mice pre-administrated with TLR ligands or from ATF7 knockout mice. ATF7 suppresses a group of innate-immunity genes in macrophage by recruiting H3K9 dimethyltransferase G9a. TLR ligands induce ATF7 phosphorylation, leading to release of ATF7 from chromatin and reduction in H3K9me2 level. Partially disrupted chromatin structure and increased basal expression on target genes are maintained for a long period, increasing resistance pathogens. Therefore we speculate ATF7 is important factor in controlling innate immunological memory. This series contains seven sets of exression array data. For all sample, we use four CEL files generated by four biological-independent experiments.
Project description:Macrophages are a major cellular component of all inflammatory situations, generating proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha, IL-1, and IL-6 that are central to the initiation and maintenance of inflammation. To determine whether the tumor suppressor ARF plays a role in inflammatory gene expression, we used an 84-gene RT2 PCR array to examine the expression of inflammation-associated genes in WT and ARF-deficient macrophages treated with the TLR4 ligand LPS. Peritoneal macrophages from WT and ARF-deficient mice were obtained and treated with LPS (200ng/ml) for 4 hours. WT control (without stimulation n=4), WT LPS (n=4), ARF Control (n=4), ARF LPS (n=4)
Project description:LPS-stimulated macrophages from Pac1+/+ and Pac1-/- mice were compared to assess gene expression changes in the absence of PAC-1 (also known as Dual specificity phosphatase 2). Experiment Overall Design: Age matched Pac1+/+ and Pac1-/- littermates were used to obtain equal numbers of thiolycollate-elicited macrophages. Pure populations of macrophages were stimulated with 100 ng/ml of LPS for 6 hours. 6 hours was chosen to assess mainly inflammatory gene expression.
Project description:HDAC11 regulates IL-10 expression and overexpression of HDAC11 in antigen presenting cells (APCs) leads to a pro-inflammatory phenotype. Conversely, loss of HDAC11 leads to upregulation of IL-10 and immune tolerance. HDAC11 overexpression is also associated with inflammatory diseases including multiple sclerosis. Hence we wished to determine the inflammatory mediators regulated by HDAC11. We used microarray to determine gene expression profile of macrophages from WT and HDAC11 knockout mice. Thioglycollate induced-peritoneal macrophages obtained from WT and HDAC11 knockout mice were used for total RNA extraction to determine changes in gene expression levels in macrophages from WT and HDAC11 knockout mice.
Project description:Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 ligand, induces the expression of various genes including proinflammatory cytokines, and the expression is modified by the presence of Zc3h12a. We used microarrays to examine influence of Zc3h12a deficiency in LPS-inducible gene expression. Experiment Overall Design: Peritoneal macrophages from wild-type and Zc3h12a-/- mice were stimulated with LPS for 0, 1, 2 and 4 hours, followed by RNA extraction. Then hybridization on affymetrix microarrays was performed.
Project description:Macrophage activation must be tightly controlled to prevent overzealous responses that cause self-damage. MicroRNAs have been shown to promote classical macrophage activation by blocking concomitant anti-inflammatory signals and transcription factors, but can also place restraints on activation by preventing excessive TLR-signalling. In contrast, the microRNA profile associated with alternatively activated macrophages and their role in regulating wound-healing or anti-helminthic responses has not yet been described. Utilizing an in vivo model of alternative activation, in which adult Brugia malayi nematodes are surgically implanted in the peritoneal cavity of mice, we examined the profile of microRNA expression in these alternatively activated macrophages and compared this to alternatively activated IL-4 receptor knockout macrophages and thioglycollate elicited macrophages. Peritoneal macrophages from BALB/c wild type or IL-4 receptor knockout mice were elicited with thioglycollate or using nemtodes (peritoneal implant of Brugia malayi). The latter leads to a population of alternatively activated macrophages. Microarray analysis was used to examine the microRNA profile of WT alternatively activated macrophages (n = 4), IL-4 receptor knockout alternatively activated macrophages (n = 4), WT thioglycollate elicited macrophages (n = 3) and IL-4 receptor knockout thioglycollate elicited macrophages (n = 3).
Project description:Akirin2 is an evolutionally conserved nuclear protein involved in the regulation of a set of inflammatory gene expression in various cell types. We used microarrays to examine the effect of Akirin2 deficiency in LPS-inducible gene expression in macrophages Peritoneal macrophages from wild-type and LysM-Cre+;Akirin2fl/fl mice were stimulated with LPS for 0, 2 and 4 hours, followed by RNA extraction and microarray analysis.