Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

305

Persistent androgen receptor-mediated transcription in castration-resistant prostate cancer under androgen-deprived conditions


ABSTRACT: The androgen receptor (AR) is a ligand-inducible transcription factor that mediates androgen action in target tissues. Upon ligand binding, the AR binds to thousands of genomic loci and activates a cell-type specific gene program. Prostate cancer growth and progression depend on androgen-induced AR signalling. Treatment of advanced prostate cancer through medical or surgical castration leads to initial response and durable remission, but resistance inevitably develops. In castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), AR activity remains critical for tumor growth despite androgen deprivation. While previous studies have focused on ligand-dependent AR signalling, in this study we explore AR function under the androgen-deprived conditions characteristic of CRPC. Our data demonstrate that the AR persistently occupies a distinct set of genomic loci after androgen deprivation in CRPC. These androgen-independent AR occupied regions have constitutively open chromatin structures that lack the canonical androgen response element and are independent of FoxA1, a transcription factor involved in ligand-dependent AR targeting. Many AR binding events occur at proximal promoters, which can act as enhancers to augment transcriptional activities of other promoters through DNA looping. We further show that androgen-independent AR binding directs a distinct gene expression program in CRPC, which is necessary for the growth of CRPC after androgen withdrawal. LNCaP, C4-2B, or 22RV1 cells were cultured in hormone-free media for 3 days and then treated with ethanol vehicle or DHT (10nM) for 4h or 16h prior to ChIP-seq or RNA-seq assays. For siRNA transfection, cells were transfected with AR siRNA or control siRNA for 3 days prior to RNA-seq assays.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Yuhong He   Keith F Decker  Dali Zheng  Li Jia  Tamara Bowman  John R Edwards 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-40050 | ArrayExpress | 2012-10-02

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): SRP014809GSE40050PRJNA172760

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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Publications

Persistent androgen receptor-mediated transcription in castration-resistant prostate cancer under androgen-deprived conditions.

Decker Keith F KF   Zheng Dali D   He Yuhong Y   Bowman Tamara T   Edwards John R JR   Jia Li L  

Nucleic acids research 20120927 21


The androgen receptor (AR) is a ligand-inducible transcription factor that mediates androgen action in target tissues. Upon ligand binding, the AR binds to thousands of genomic loci and activates a cell-type specific gene program. Prostate cancer growth and progression depend on androgen-induced AR signaling. Treatment of advanced prostate cancer through medical or surgical castration leads to initial response and durable remission, but resistance inevitably develops. In castration-resistant pro  ...[more]

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