Transcriptomics

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Transcriptome analysis of si-Med23 and si-Elk1 A549 cells


ABSTRACT: K-RAS activating mutations occur frequently in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), leading to aberrant activation of Ras-MAPK signaling pathway that contributes to the malignant phenotype. However, the development of Ras-targeted therapeutics remains challenging. Here, we show that MED23, a component of the multisubunit Mediator complex that is known to integrate signaling and gene activities, is selectively important for Ras-active lung cancer. By screening a large panel of human lung cancer cell lines with or without a Ras mutation, we found that Med23 RNAi specifically inhibits the proliferation and tumorigenicity of lung cancer cells with hyperactive Ras activity. Med23-deficiency in fibroblasts selectively inhibited the oncogenic transformation induced by Ras but not by c-Myc. Transcription factor ELK1, which is phosphorylated by MAPK for relaying the Ras signaling to MED23, was also required for the Ras-driven oncogenesis. Transcriptiome analysis revealed that MED23 and ELK1 co-regulate a common set of target genes enriched in regulating cell cycle and proliferation to support the Ras-dependency. Furthermore, correlated with the strength of Ras signaling as indicated by the ELK1 phosphorylation level, MED23 was up-regulated by Ras-transformation, and was found to be overexpressed in both Ras-mutated lung cancer cell lines and primary tumor samples. Remarkably, lower Med23 expression predicts better survival in Ras-active lung cancer patients and xenograft mice. Collectively, our findings demonstrate a critical role for MED23 in enabling the 'Ras-addiction' of lung carcinogenesis, thus providing a vulnerable target for the treatment of Ras-active lung cancer. To gain a genome-wide understanding of how MED23 and ELK1 control gene expression in Ras-active lung cancer cells, we performed gene profiling experiments to analyze the transcriptomes from control, si-Med23, or si-Elk1 A549 cells. The si-Ctrl, si-Med23 and si-Elk1 A549 cells were cultured in the normal condition. Then the cells were harvested for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. The analysis contain 9 samples. si-Ctrl cells have three replicates (si-Ctrl#1, si-Ctrl#2 and si-Ctrl#3), and the si-Med23 or si-Elk1 group contains three different cell lines that harbor three different RNAi oligos against Med23 or Elk1 (si-Med23A, B, C and si-Elk1A, B, C).

REANALYSED by: E-GEOD-40517

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Gang Wang   Xu Yang 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-40517 | ArrayExpress | 2013-08-31

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE40517PRJNA174207

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Selective requirement for Mediator MED23 in Ras-active lung cancer.

Yang Xu X   Zhao Meng M   Xia Min M   Liu Yuting Y   Yan Jun J   Ji Hongbin H   Wang Gang G  

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 20120917 41


K-RAS-activating mutations occur frequently in non-small cell lung cancer, leading to aberrant activation of the Ras-MAPK signaling pathway that contributes to the malignant phenotype. However, the development of Ras-targeted therapeutics remains challenging. Here, we show that MED23, a component of the multisubunit Mediator complex that is known to integrate signaling and gene activities, is selectively important for Ras-active lung cancer. By screening a large panel of human lung cancer cell l  ...[more]

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