The effect of knock-down of neuroblastoma associated lncRNA on transcriptome
ABSTRACT: As part of functional characterization of neuroblastoma assocated lncRNA, we performed its knock-down in neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y, which resulted in modulation of expression levels of a set of genes involved in angiogenesis and inflammation, the hallmarks of metastatic cancer. SH-SY5Y cells were transfected with non-targeting siRNA control and two siRNAs targeting lncRNA BEHOT. Two days after transfection total RNA was isolated and hybridized to microarray, each sample was done in four replicas.
Project description:MicroRNA (miRNA) has been highlighted in pathogen-host interactions, however, little is known about roles of miRNAs in neurological pathogenesis of human enterovirus 71 (HEV71) infections. In this study, the comprehensive miRNA expression profiling in HEV71-infected human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were performed to identify cellular miRNAs response to HEV71. A total of 69 miRNAs were differentially expressed in HEV71-infected SH-SY5Y cells compared to non-infected cells. These findings provide new information on the miRNA and mRNA profiles in HEV71 infection, which may serve as a basis for further investigation into the biological functions of miRNAs in the neurological pathogenesis of HEV71 infections. Human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were infected with HEV71. After infection, the cells were harvested and extracted total RNA for miRNA profiling by hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. A total of 69 miRNAs were differentially expressed inHEV71-infected SH-SY5Y cells compared to non-infected cells.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE24497: ER stress impairs the insulin signaling pathway through mitochondrial damage in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells (part 1) GSE24499: ER stress impairs the insulin signaling pathway through mitochondrial damage in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells (part 2) Refer to individual Series
Project description:Human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells treated with paraquat, a neurotoxic herbicide which both catalyzes the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and induces mitochondrial damage in animal models was profiled using Affimetrix Exon 1.0 ST GeneChips® Human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells was compared with respect to Human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells treated with Paraquat. Parqaut treatment was done as described by Maracchioni, A., Totaro, A., Angelini, D.F., Di Penta, A., Bernardi, G., Carri, M.T., and Achsel, T. (2007) J Neurochem 100, 142-153
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series:; GSE16656: Transcriptome analysis identifies molecular effectors of unconjugated bilirubin in human neuroblatoma SH-SY5Y cells: 24h; GSE16766: Transcriptome analysis identifies molecular effectors of unconjugated bilirubin in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells: 1h; GSE16767: Transcriptome analysis identifies molecular effectors of unconjugated bilirubin in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells: 4h Experiment Overall Design: Refer to individual Series
Project description:This experiment captures expression over 60,000 well-annotated RefSeq human transcripts over RNA samples from SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells transfected with human and non-human primate microRNA mimic variants of miR-299-3p, miR-503-3p, miR-508-3p and miR-541-3p, as well as a RNA duplex negative control (C2 mimic, Dharmacon).
Project description:Today, the pathogenesis of human enterovirus type 71 (HEV71) infection in human central neural system remains unclear. HEV71 is the major pathogen of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD), and has been associated with severe neurological disease and even death in infants and young children. We employed the human whole genome microarray analyze the mRNA profiling in human neuroblastoma cells SH-SY5Y infected with HEV71 after transfection. Firstly, SH-SY5Y cells were transfected wtih miR-1246 inhibitor and negtive control respectively using HiPerFect Transfection Reagent according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Then the cells were infected with HEV71 after transfection. After 12 hours infection, the cells were harvested to microarray analysis. The results showed the altered expression of mRNAs including up-regulated genes and down-regulated genes. Overall, this finding will help to understand the functional genes in HEV71-infected human neuroblastoma cells and miR-1246-virus-host interaction. SH-SY5Y cells were transfected wtih miR-1246 inhibitor and negtive control respectively using HiPerFect Transfection Reagent according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Then the cells were infected with HEV71 after transfection. After infection, the cells were harvested to microarray analysis. Total RNA of cells infected with HEV71 was extracted using the TRIZOL Reagent according to the manufacturer's instructions. Gene-expression profiling was performed for each pooling RNA sample separately on the GeneChip_ Porcine Genome Array at CapitalBio Corporation (Beijing, China).
Project description:To reveal the molecular mechanism underling necrotic neuronal cell death caused by norephedrine, we examined alteration of gene expression profile during norephedrine exposure in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. The alteration of gene expression during norephedrine exposure (3 mM, 0,2 and 6 hours) in differentiated SH-SY5Y cells was examined.
Project description:The chromatin remodeler CHD5 is expressed in neural tissue and is frequently deleted in aggressive neuroblastoma. Very little is known about the function of CHD5 in the nervous system or its mechanism of action. Here we report that depletion of Chd5 in the developing murine neocortex blocks neuronal differentiation and leads to an accumulation of undifferentiated progenitors. CHD5 binds a large cohort of genes and is required for facilitating the activation of neuronal genes. It also binds a cohort of Polycomb targets and is required for the maintenance of H3K27me3 on these genes. Interestingly, the chromodomains of CHD5 directly bind H3K27me3 and are required for neuronal differentiation. In the absence of CHD5, a subgroup of Polycomb-repressed genes becomes aberrantly expressed. These findings provide new insights into the regulatory role of CHD5 during neurogenesis and suggest how inactivation of this candidate tumor suppressor might contribute to neuroblastoma. Examination of genome-wide binding/occupancy of CHD5 in the SH-SY5Y cell line
Project description:The crizotinib–resistant ALKF1174L mutation arises de novo in neuroblastoma (NB) and is acquired in ALK translocation-driven cancers, lending impetus to the development of novel ALK inhibitors with different modes of action. The diaminopyrimidine TAE684 and its derivative ceritinib (LDK378), which are structurally distinct from crizotinib, are active against NB cells expressing ALKF1174L. Here we demonstrate acquired resistance to TAE684 and LDK378 in ALKF1174L-driven human NB cells that is linked to overexpression and activation of the AXL tyrosine kinase and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). AXL phosphorylation conferred TAE684 resistance to NB cells through upregulated ERK signaling. Inhibition of AXL partly rescued TAE684 resistance, resensitizing these cells to this compound. AXL activation in resistant cells was mediated through increased expression of the active form of its ligand, GAS6, which also served to stabilize the AXL protein. Although ectopic expression of AXL and TWIST2 individually in TAE684-sensitive parental cells led to the elevated expression of mesenchymal markers and invasive capacity, only AXL overexpression induced resistance to TAE684 as well. TAE684-resistant cells showed greater sensitivity to HSP90 inhibition than did their parental counterparts, with downregulation of AXL and AXL-mediated ERK signaling. Our studies indicate that aberrant AXL signaling and development of an EMT phenotype underlie resistance of ALKF1174L-driven NB cells to TAE684 and its derivatives. We suggest that the combination of ALK and AXL or HSP90 inhibitors be considered to delay the emergence of such resistance. In order to understand the molecular mechanisms driving resistance to ALK inhibition in ALK-mutated neuroblatoma, we established cell line models of resistance to TAE684, an ALK inhibitor, by treating SH-SY5Y cells (bearing the ALKF1174L mutation) with increasing concentration of this compound over time. We then performed an analysis of gene expression changes genome wide using Affymetrix U133 Plus 2 arrays, by comparing the TAE684-sensitive parental SH-SY5Y cells to the TAE684-resistant SH-SY5Y cells (named SY5Y-TR1). For that experiment, we analyzed gene expression variations by comparing the parental SH-SY5Y (control sample) to the resistant SY5Y-TR1 cells. So 2 samples were analyzed, with 3 replicates run for each.