Transcriptomics,Multiomics

Dataset Information

3

Grhl2 regulated genes in the mouse lung epithelial MLE15 cell line


ABSTRACT: The Grainyhead family of transcription factors controls morphogenesis and differentiation of epithelial cell layers in multicellular organisms by regulating cell junction- and proliferation-related genes. Grainyhead-like 2 (Grhl2) is expressed in developing mouse lung epithelium and is required for normal lung organogenesis. The specific epithelial cells expressing Grhl2 and the genes regulated by Grhl2 in normal lungs are mostly unknown. In these studies, we identified the NK2 homeobox 1 transcription factor (Nkx2-1) as a direct transcriptional target of Grhl2. By binding and transcriptional assays, and by confocal microscopy we showed that these two transcription factors form a positive feed-back loop in vivo and in cell lines, and are co-expressed in lung bronchiolar and alveolar type II cells. The morphological changes observed in flattening lung alveolar type II cells in culture are associated with down-regulation of Grhl2 and Nkx2-1. Reduction of Grhl2 in lung epithelial cell lines results in lower expression levels of Nkx2-1 and of known Grhl2 target genes. By microarray analysis we identified that in addition to Cadherin1 and Claudin4, Grhl2 regulates other cell interaction genes such as semaphorins and their receptors, which also play a functional role in developing lung epithelium. Impaired collective cell migration observed in Grhl2 knockdown cell monolayers is associated with reduced expression of these genes and may contribute to the altered epithelial phenotype reported in Grhl2 mutant mice. Thus, Grhl2 functions at the nexus of a novel regulatory network, connecting lung epithelial cell identity, migration and cell-cell interactions. To identify genes regulated by GRHL2 in lung epithelial cells, we performed cDNA microarray analyses in MLE15 cells transduced with Grhl2-shRNA and compared to a non-silencing control. Independent transductions of MLE15 cells using Grhl2-shRNA (n=3) and a non-silencing control (n=2) were analyzed.

OTHER RELATED OMICS DATASETS IN: PRJNA174768

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: M Lenburg   S Varma  Maria Isabel Ramirez  M I Ramirez  J Milton  D Warburton  T B Friedman  R J Morell  J-B Tagne  D N Kotton  J Li  M Lakshminarayanan  Y Cao 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-40729 | ArrayExpress | 2012-09-10

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE40729PRJNA174768

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

Dataset's files

Source:
Action DRS
E-GEOD-40729.README.txt Txt
E-GEOD-40729.eSet.r Other
E-GEOD-40729.idf.txt Idf
E-GEOD-40729.processed.1.zip Processed
E-GEOD-40729.raw.1.zip Raw
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Publications

The transcription factors Grainyhead-like 2 and NK2-homeobox 1 form a regulatory loop that coordinates lung epithelial cell morphogenesis and differentiation.

Varma Saaket S   Cao Yuxia Y   Tagne Jean-Bosco JB   Lakshminarayanan Meenakshi M   Li Jun J   Friedman Thomas B TB   Morell Robert J RJ   Warburton David D   Kotton Darrell N DN   Ramirez Maria I MI  

The Journal of biological chemistry 20120906 44


The Grainyhead family of transcription factors controls morphogenesis and differentiation of epithelial cell layers in multicellular organisms by regulating cell junction- and proliferation-related genes. Grainyhead-like 2 (Grhl2) is expressed in developing mouse lung epithelium and is required for normal lung organogenesis. The specific epithelial cells expressing Grhl2 and the genes regulated by Grhl2 in normal lungs are mostly unknown. In these studies we identified the NK2-homeobox 1 transcr  ...[more]

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