Genomics

Dataset Information

301

Tissue-specific regulation of chromatin insulator function


ABSTRACT: Chromatin insulators organize the genome into distinct transcriptional domains and contribute to cell type-specific chromatin organization. However, factors regulating tissue-specific insulator function have not yet been discovered. Here we identify the RNA recognition motif-containing protein, Shep, as a direct interactor of two individual components of the gypsy insulator complex in Drosophila. Mutation of shep improves gypsy-dependent enhancer blocking, indicating a role as a negative regulator of insulator activity. Unlike ubiquitously expressed core gypsy insulator proteins, Shep is highly expressed in the central nervous system (CNS) with lower expression in other tissues. We developed a novel, quantitative tissue-specific barrier assay to demonstrate that Shep functions as a negative regulator of insulator activity in the CNS but not in muscle tissue. Additionally, mutation of shep alters insulator complex nuclear localization in the CNS but not other tissues. Consistent with negative regulatory activity, ChIP-seq analysis of Shep in a CNS-derived cell line indicates substantial genome-wide colocalization with a single gypsy insulator component but limited overlap with intact insulator complexes. Taken together, these data reveal a novel, tissue-specific mode of regulation of a chromatin insulator. ChIP-seq of Shep, Su(Hw), and Mod(mdg4)2.2 in Drosophila BG3 cells along with alternate antibodies

ORGANISM(S): Drosophila melanogaster  

SUBMITTER: Elissa P Lei   Leah H Matzat  Ryan K Dale  Ryan Dale 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-40797 | ArrayExpress | 2012-11-30

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): SRP015720GSE40797PRJNA175001

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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Publications

Tissue-specific regulation of chromatin insulator function.

Matzat Leah H LH   Dale Ryan K RK   Moshkovich Nellie N   Lei Elissa P EP  

PLoS genetics 20121129 11


Chromatin insulators organize the genome into distinct transcriptional domains and contribute to cell type-specific chromatin organization. However, factors regulating tissue-specific insulator function have not yet been discovered. Here we identify the RNA recognition motif-containing protein Shep as a direct interactor of two individual components of the gypsy insulator complex in Drosophila. Mutation of shep improves gypsy-dependent enhancer blocking, indicating a role as a negative regulator  ...[more]

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