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Human lung epithelial cells progressed to malignancy through specific oncogenic manipulations

ABSTRACT: We have developed cdk4/hTERT-immortalized normal human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs) to study lung cancer pathogenesis. By studying the oncogenic effect of common lung cancer alterations (p53, KRAS, and c-MYC) we demonstrate the ability of this model to characterize the stepwise transformation of bronchial epithelial cells to full malignancy. Using HBECs derived from multiple individuals we found: 1) the combination of five genetic alterations (p53, KRASV12, c-MYC, CDK4 and hTERT) is sufficient for full tumorigenic conversion of HBECs; 2) high levels of KRASV12 are required for full malignant transformation of HBECs, however these levels also stimulate oncogene-induced senescence; 3) RAS-induced senescence is largely bypassed with loss of p53 function; 4) over-expression of c-MYC greatly enhances malignancy but only in the context of sh-p53+KRASV12; 5) HBECs from different individuals vary in their sensitivity to transformation by these oncogenic manipulations; 6) serum-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) increases in vivo tumorigenicity; 7) genetically-identical clones of transformed HBECs exhibit pronounced differences in tumor growth, histology, and differentiation as well as sensitivity to standard platinum-based chemotherapies; and 8) an mRNA signature derived from tumorigenic and non-tumorigenic clones is predictive of outcome in lung cancer patients. Collectively, we demonstrate this HBEC model system can be used to study the effect of oncogenic mutations on malignant progression, oncogene-induced senescence, and EMT along with clinically translatable applications such as development of prognostic signatures and drug response phenotypes. Human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs) immortalized with cdk4 and hTERT were transformed with p53 knockdown, KrasV12 and cMYC over-expression and profiled on Illumina HumanHT-12 V4.0 expression beadchips. Transformed HBECs were grown in two different growth media: KSFM (defined, serum-free medium) or R10 (RPMI with 10% FBS) as indicated. Clones were isolated from HBECs with sh-p53 + KrasV12 and sh-p53 + KrasV12 + cMYC.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: John D Minna   Luc Girard  Jill E Larsen 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-40828 | ArrayExpress | 2013-07-01



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We used CDK4/hTERT-immortalized normal human bronchial epithelial cells (HBEC) from several individuals to study lung cancer pathogenesis by introducing combinations of common lung cancer oncogenic changes (p53, KRAS, and MYC) and followed the stepwise transformation of HBECs to full malignancy. This model showed that: (i) the combination of five genetic alterations (CDK4, hTERT, sh-p53, KRAS(V12), and c-MYC) is sufficient for full tumorigenic conversion of HBECs; (ii) genetically identical clon  ...[more]

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