Transcript profiling of Mungbean yellow mosaic India virus (MYMIV) infected Glycine max
ABSTRACT: Transcript profiling of control vs Mungbean yellow mosaic India virus infected Glycine max variety JS335. RNA samples were collected at 2 dpi to study change in transcript profile at early infection. Two-condition experiment, control vs. MYMIV infected.
Project description:In Asia, oral cancer (OC) and oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) constitute major health problems linked to use of betel quid. This work performed CGH genome-wide analysis of OC (12 from India, 12 from Sri Lanka) and OSF (6 from India) cases with normal controls.
Project description:Bovine tropical theileriosis is a major haemoprotozoan disease associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality particularly in exotic and crossbred cattle. It is one of the major constraints for of the livestock development programmes in India and southern Asia. Indigenous cattle (Bos indicus) are less affected by this disease than exotic and crossbred cattle. Genetic basis of resistance to tropical theileriosis in indigenous cattle is not well studied. Recent studies gives an idea that differentially genes expressed in exotic and indigenous breeds play an important role in breed specific resistance to tropical theileriosis. The present study was designed to visualize the global gene expression profiling in PBMCs derived from indigenous (Tharparkar) and crossbred cattle with in vitro infection of T. annulata. T. annulata Parbhani strain, originally isolated from Maharashtra (India) and maintained as cryopreserved stabilates of ground-up tick tissue sporozoite (GUTS) of infected H. anatolicum anatolicum was used as infective material. Two separate microarray experiments were carried out using separately each for crossbred and Tharparkar cattle. The crossbred cattle showed 1082 differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Out of total DEGs, 597 genes were downregulated and 485 were upregulated. Their fold change varies from 2283.93 to -4816.02. Tharparkar cattle showed 875 differentially expressed genes. Out of total DEGs in Tharparkar cattle, 451 genes were downregulated and 424 genes were upregulated. Their fold change varies from 94.93 to -19.20. A subset of genes was validated by quantitative RT-PCR and results correlated well with data obtained from the microarrays indicating that the microarray results gave an accurate report of transcript level. Functional annotation study of differentially expressed genes has confirmed their involvement in various pathways including response to oxidative stress, immune system regulation, cell proliferation, cytoskeletal changes, kinases activity and apoptosis. Gene network analysis of these differentially expressed genes provided an effective way to understand the interaction among them. It is therefore, hypothesised that the dissimilar susceptibility to tropical theileriosis exhibited by indigenous and crossbred cattle is due to breed-specific differences in the interaction of infected cells with other immune cells, which ultimately influences the immune response generated against T. annulata infection. Global gene expression profiling in PBMCs derived from indigenous (Tharparkar) and crossbred cattle were studied after in vitro infection of T. annulata Parbhani strain at 2h time period. Two separate microarray experiments were carried out using Bovine (V2) Gene Expression Microarray, 4x44K (Agilent). Two biological replicate samples were profiled per condition (i.e. replicates samples each in crossbred and Tharparkar cattle).
Project description:We determined the molecular basis of three soybean lines that vary in seed coat color at the R locus which is thought to encode a MYB transcription factor. RM55-rm is homozygous for a mutable allele (rm) that specifies black and brown striped seeds; RM30-R* is a stable black revertant isoline derived from the mutable line; and RM38-r has brown seed coats due to a recessive r allele shown to translate a truncated MYB protein. Using long range PCR, 454 sequencing of amplicons, and whole genome re-sequencing, we determined that the variegated RM55-rm line had a 13 kb CACTA subfamily transposon insertion (designated TgmR*) at a position 110 bp from the beginning of Intron2 of the R locus, Glyma09g36983. Although the MYB encoded by R was expressed at only very low levels in older seed coats of the black revertant RM30-R* line, it upregulated expression of anthocyanidin synthase genes (ANS2, ANS3) to promote the synthesis of anthocyanins. Surprisingly, the RM30-R* revertant also carried the 13 kb TgmR* insertion in Intron2. Using RNA-Seq, we showed that intron splicing was accurate, albeit at lower levels, despite the presence of the 13kb TgmR* element. As determined by whole genome methylation sequencing, we demonstrate that the TgmR* sequence was relatively more methylated in RM30-R* than in the mutable RM55-rm progenitor line. The stabilized and more methylated RM30-R* revertant line apparently lacks effective binding of a transposae to its subterminal repeats, thus allowing intron splicing to proceed resulting in sufficient MYB protein to stimulate anthocyanin production and thus black seed coats. In this regard, the TgmR* element in soybean resembles McClintock’s Spm-suppressible and change-of-state alleles of maize. This comparison explains the opposite effects of the TgmR* element on intron splicing of the MYB gene in which it resides depending on the methylation state of the element. Overall design: The genomic DNAs extracted from shoot tips of two seed color soybean lines, RM55-rm (black/brown striped) and RM30-R* (black) were sequenced in an Illumina HiSeq 2000 following the the Bisulfite (BS) sequencing method.
Project description:Cytosine methylation is a base modification that is often used by genomes to store information that is stably inherited through mitotic cell divisions. Most cytosine DNA methylation is stable throughout different cell types or by exposure to different environmental conditions in plant genomes. Here, we profile the epigenomes of ~100 Glycine max lines to explore the extent of natural epigenomic variation. We also use these data to determine the extent to which DNA methylation variants are linked to genetic variations. Overall design: 100 MethylC-seq, 102 RNA-seq, 102 small RNA-seq of Glycine max.