Transcription profiling by array of HepG2 cells after RNAi knock-down of RNF43
ABSTRACT: It has been demonstrated that Ring finger protein 43 (RNF43) is overexpressed in colorectal cancer and mediates cancer cell proliferation. We found that RNF43 was frequently overexpressed in HCC, and knockdown of RNF43 could induce apoptosis and inhibit proliferation, invasion, colony formation and xenograft growth of HCC cells. Suggesting that RNF43 is involved in tumorigenesis and progression of HCC. We used microarrays to profile gene expression patterns before and after RNF43 knockdown, and identified differentially expressed genes during this process. HepG2 cells were transfected with RNF43 siRNA or negative control siRNA in triplicate. Forty-eight hours after transfection, total RNA was extracted,labeled and hybridized to HG-U133 Plus 2.0 arrays.
Project description:It has been demonstrated that Ring finger protein 43 (RNF43) is overexpressed in colorectal cancer and mediates cancer cell proliferation. We found that RNF43 was frequently overexpressed in HCC, and knockdown of RNF43 could induce apoptosis and inhibit proliferation, invasion, colony formation and xenograft growth of HCC cells. Suggesting that RNF43 is involved in tumorigenesis and progression of HCC. We used microarrays to profile gene expression patterns before and after RNF43 knockdown, and identified differentially expressed genes during this process. HepG2 cells were transfected with RNF43 siRNA or negative control siRNA in triplicate. Forty-eight hours after transfection, total RNA was extracted,labeled and hybridized to HG-U133 Plus 2.0 arrays.
Project description:Coronary artery disease (CAD) and its complication myocardial infarction (MI) are the leading cause of death worldwide.Our genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in the Chinese population identified a genomic variant, rs6903956, in intron 1 of the C6orf105 gene (later named as ADTRP) as a significant risk factor for CAD and MI. Based on itscell membrane localization and its function on regulation of TFPI, we hypothesize that ADTRP acts as a cell signaling molecule that affects function and expression of many downstream genes/proteins. We performed global gene expression profiling in cells with knockdown of ADTRP expression to identify other downstream targets of ADTRP. To identify other downstream targets of ADTRP, we performed global gene expression profiling in cells with knockdown of ADTRP expression. Because ADTRP downstream genes include those involved in cell cycle regulation and apoptosis as well as multiple histone genes, we carried out cellular studies on cell cycle, cell proliferation and apoptosis to further characterize the function of ADTRP. Global gene expression of ADTRP siRNA sampels and negative controls were profiled by Affymetrix GeneChip PrimeView arrays in HepG2 cells, top downstream genes with differntial expression levels were selected for validation in HepG2, HUVEC, and EAhy926 endothelial cells. Because ADTRP downstream genes include those involved in cell cycle regulation and apoptosis as well as multiple histone genes, we carried out cellular studies on cell cycle, cell proliferation and apoptosis to further characterize the function of ADTRP.
Project description:HNF4a is an important liver transcription factor that regulates at least a thousand genes in the liver. Here we used expression profiling in HepG2 cells, a hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, in which HNF4a was knocked down by RNAi to identify some of those target genes. This dataset accompanies the article in Hepatology 2010 Feb;51(2):642-53. Integrated approach for the identification of human hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha target genes using protein binding microarrays by Bolotin E, Liao H, Ta TC, Yang C, Hwang-Verslues W, Evans JR, Jiang T, Sladek FM. RNA interference (RNAi) against HNF4a2 was performed in HepG2 cells using small, interfering RNAs (siRNAs) corresponding to nucleotides +179 to +197 of human HNF4A (NM_178849, sense siRNA: 5'-UGUGCAGGUGUUGACGAUGdTdT-3', antisense siRNA 5'-CAUCGUCAACACCUGCACAdTdT-3') (Dharmacon, Lafayette, CO). Total RNA was extracted with Trizol (Life Technologies, Carlsbad, CA) and reverse transcribed with the Reverse Transcription System (Promega, Madison, WI). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification was performed in the linear range (see Supporting Table 3B for a list of PCR primers). Expression profiling analysis was performed with Affymetrix oligonucleotide arrays (HGU133 Plus 2.0) using RNA from control (PGL3 siRNA) or treated (HNF4a siRNA) HepG2 cells
Project description:Although HSF1 is known to play an important role in regulating the cellular response to proteotoxic stressors, little is known about the structure and function of the HSF1 signaling network under both stressed and unstressed conditions. In this study, we used a combination of chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) microarray analysis and time course gene expression microarray analysis with and without siRNA-mediated inhibition of HSF1 comprehensively identify genes directly and indirectly regulated by HSF1 and examine the structure of the extended HSF1 signaling network. Correlation between promoter binding and gene expression was not significant for all genes bound by HSF1 suggesting that HSF1 binding per se is not sufficient for expression. However, the correlation with promoter binding was significant for genes identified as HSF1-regulated following siRNA knockdown allowing the identification of direct transcriptional targets of HSF1. Among promoters bound by HSF1 following heat shock, a gene ontology (GO) analysis showed significant enrichment only in categories related to protein folding. In contrast, analysis of the extended HSF1 signaling network showed enrichment in a variety of categories related to protein folding, anti-apoptosis, RNA splicing, ubiquitination and others, highlighting a complex transcriptional program directly and indirectly regulated by HSF1.,SUBMITTER_CITATION: Genome-wide analysis of human HSF1 signaling reveals a transcriptional program linked to cellular adaptation and survival Authors: Todd J. Page, Devanjan Sikder, Longlong Yang, Linda Pluta, Russell D. Wolfinger, Thomas Kodadek, and Russell S. Thomas Journal: Molecular Biosystems 2:627-639
Project description:The transcription factors PAX3 and MITF are required for the development of the neural crest and melanocyte lineage, and both proteins play important roles in melanoma cell growth and survival. PAX3 transcriptionally activates MITF expression during neural crest development, but the relationship between these transcription factors during melanocyte development and in melanoma cells is currently poorly understood. This study aimed to further our understanding of the interaction between transcriptional networks controlled by PAX3 and MITF by assessing the effect of siRNA-mediated knockdown of PAX3 and MITF in metastatic melanoma cell lines. The goals of this study were to determine (i) if PAX3 is required for maintaining expression of MITF in melanoma and melanocyte cell lines; (ii) whether PAX3 and MITF independently, or redundantly, influence growth and survival in melanoma cell lines; and (iii) to investigate the respective roles of PAX3 and MITF expression in melanoma cell differentiation. Microarrays were used to measure global changes in transcript expression in response to siRNA-mediated knockdown of PAX3 or MITF compared to non-targeting controls in two metastatic melanoma cells lines. RNA was isolated from two different metastatic melanoma cell lines 30 hours after one of four different treaments: (i) transfection with siRNA targeting PAX3; or (ii) transfection with siRNA targeting MITF; or (iii) or transfection with siRNA targeting luciferase (non-targeting negative control); or (iv) treatment with media only (control). Therefore, eight samples were used for gene expression profiling by using GeneChip arrays, with one replicate per cell line per treatment.
Project description:Insulin degrading enzyme (IDE) is a major enzyme responsible for insulin degradation in the liver. The modulation of insulin degrading enzyme activity is hypothesized to be a link between T2DM and liver cancer. Results provide insight into role of IDE in proliferation and other cell functions. HepG2 cells were transfected with 96nM siRNA for IDE or AllStars Negative Control siRNA (Qiagen) using Lipofectamine 2000 (Invitrogen). 16 h after transfection, cells were treated with 10 nM insulin (Sigma Aldrich) or vehicle for 24 h in serum starvation condition. Total RNA was extracted. For each of the 4 conditions, 3 biological replicates were included.
Project description:Increased α-fetoprotein (AFP) levels have been reported to predict a poor prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We assessed the mechanism of AFP involvement in the progression of HCC and determined whether AFP could be a molecular target. We used human HCC cell lines to assess proliferation and apoptosis response to exogenous AFP. We introduced AFP small interfering RNA (siRNA) into HCC cell lines to examine whether it could inhibit cell proliferation and anti-apoptotic properties. The effects of systemically introduced AFP siRNA were assessed using a tumor xenotransplantation model. The effects of AFP on gene expression in HCC cell lines and human HCC specimens were examined. Exogenous AFP induced cell proliferation dose-dependently and inhibited apoptosis induced by 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in all cell lines examined. AFP siRNA inhibited the proliferation of AFP-producing HCC cell lines and induced apoptosis in co-cultures with 5-FU. Tumor sizes in mice treated with AFP siRNA were significantly smaller than those in controls. AFP siRNA administration in mice induced a low proliferation index and a high apoptosis index in tumors. cDNA microarray analysis, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and Western blot using HepG2 and HLE cells with AFP showed that AFP reduced expression of genes related to apoptosis (DFFB) and tumor suppression (NDRG2). Expression of these molecules was also suppressed in human HCC tissues that overexpress AFP. AFP is not only a passive tumor marker, but also an active tumor stimulator through several mechanisms. AFP siRNA introduction may be of possible therapeutic use for HCC. Keywords: Genetic modification Two-condition experiment, Control vs. AFP-stimulated cells.
Project description:Hepatocellular carcinoma is the third leading cause of cancer death worldwide, and it is necessary to elucidate the mechanism of hepatocarcinogenesis. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has a high mortality rate and develops based on the chronic inflammatory hepatic disease. Therefore, novel prophylactic or therapeutic strategies are required to improve outcome. In this study, influence of diethylnitrosamine (DEN) and retinoic acid (ATRA) on hepatocarcinogenesis was investigated in mouse. These results suggest that the control of NF-κB signaling during the early stage of HCC development is important for the prevention of malignant transformation in hepatocytes. Genes induced by the following treatments in mice liver were investigated at 2 days or 7 days after treatment; DEN: diethylnitrosamine (treatment of DEN (drinking water 80 mg/L)) ATRA: retinoic acid (treatment of ATRA (drinking water 30 mg/L)) G0s2 siRNA : G0s2 knockdown mouse liver (treatment of G0s2 siRNA) Control siRNA: treatment of scramble siRNA (negative control)
Project description:Kasumi-1 AML cells that were transfected in triplicate with AML1-ETO or luciferase siRNA constructs by either Amaxa nucleofection or Biorad siLentFect and incubated for 96 hours. Microarrays used to discover an AML1-ETO signature for a GE-HTS screen to identify AML1-ETO modulators. Experiment Overall Design: Kasumi-1 AML cells incubated for 96 hours after they were transfected in triplicate with AML1-ETO or luciferase siRNA constructs by either Amaxa nucleofection or Biorad siLentFect along with three control samples not transfected with a construct.