Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

4

Transcription profiling of mouse with T cell-specific targeting of TGFI? receptor to investigate cellular mechanisms of fatal early-onset autoimmunity


ABSTRACT: Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) has been implicated in the control of differentiation and proliferation of multiple cell types. However, a role for TGF-β in the control of immune homeostasis is not fully understood because of its pleiotropic action. Here we report that complete ablation of the TGF-β signaling in T cells engendered aggressive early-onset, multiorgan, autoimmune-associated lesions with 100% mortality. Peripheral CD4+ and CD8+ T cells with TGF-β-receptor II (TGF-βRII) deficiency activated cytolytic and T helper 1 (Th1) differentiation program in a cell-intrinsic T cell receptor (TCR)-specific fashion. Furthermore, TGF-βRII deficiency blocked the development of canonical CD1d-restricted NKT cells. Instead, it facilitated generation of a highly pathogenic T cell subset exhibiting multiple hallmarks of NK cells and sharply elevated amounts of FasL, perforin, granzymes, and interferon-γ. Thus, TGF-β signaling in peripheral T cells is crucial in restraining TCR activation-dependent Th1, cytotoxic, and NK cell-like differentiation program which, when left unchecked, leads to rapidly progressing fatal autoimmunity. Experiment Overall Design: To better understand the basis for pathogenicity of TGF-βRII-deficient NK1.1+ T cells, we performed gene expression profiling of NK1.1+ and NK1.1− T cell subsets from Tgfbr2fl/fl x CD4-Cre mice. We limited our analysis to CD8+ T cell subsets because NK1.1+ CD8 T cells made up 70% of total NK1.1+ T cells in Tgfbr2fl/fl x CD4-Cre mice, and this T cell subset showed the greatest numerical increase compared to littermate control mice. Thus, in these experiments we used FACS-sorted NK1.1+ and NK1.1− CD8+ T cells from 15- to 17-day-old mutant mice and total CD8+ T cells from Tgfbr2fl/wt x CD4-Cre littermate controls. Experiment Overall Design: mRNA expression profiles of NK1.1+ and NK1.1− CD8+ T cells from Tgfbr2fl/fl x CD4-Cre (KO) mice were compared to NK1.1− T cells from littermate control Tgfbr2fl/WT x CD4-Cre (Control) mice.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Jeffrey Rasmussen  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-4178 | ArrayExpress | 2008-06-12

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE4178PRJNA94981

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Cellular mechanisms of fatal early-onset autoimmunity in mice with the T cell-specific targeting of transforming growth factor-beta receptor.

Marie Julien C JC   Liggitt Denny D   Rudensky Alexander Y AY  

Immunity 20060901 3


Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has been implicated in the control of differentiation and proliferation of multiple cell types. However, a role for TGF-beta in the control of immune homeostasis is not fully understood because of its pleiotropic action. Here we report that complete ablation of the TGF-beta signaling in T cells engendered aggressive early-onset, multiorgan, autoimmune-associated lesions with 100% mortality. Peripheral CD4+ and CD8+ T cells with TGF-beta-receptor II (TGF  ...[more]

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