Expression data from preimplantation mouse embryos
ABSTRACT: Landmark events occur in a coordinated manner during preimplantation development of the mammalian embryo, yet the regulatory network that orchestrates these events remains largely unknown. We delineated the regulons of Oct4, Sall4, and Nanog using morpholino (MO)-mediated gene knockdowns followed by microarray analysis of pooled embryos. 1-cell fertilized mouse embryos were injected with a morpholino and were collected at either 20 hours or at 44 hours after microinjection.
Project description:Gene regulation at the maternal-embryonic transition in the pre-implantation mouse embryo is not well understood. We knock down Ccna2 to establish proof-of-concept that antisense morpholino oligonucleotides can be used to target specific genes. We applied this strategy to study Oct4 and discovered that Oct4 is required prior to blastocyst development. Specifically, gene expression is altered as early as the 2-cell stage in Oct4-knockdown embryos. Distinct subsets of genes are differentially expressed between Oct4 and Ccna2-knockdown embryos, and indicated differential functions. Further, a large panel of genes were confirmed to be differentially-expressed in Oct4-knockdown embryos by quantitative, real time RT-PCR. Keywords: gene knockdown 3-5 week old wild type F1 (C57BL6xDBA/2) females (Charles River) were superovulated by intraperitonial injections of 5 IU of pregnant mare’s serum gonadotropin (Sigma) followed by 5 IU of human chorionic gonadotropin (Sigma) 48 hours later, and mated overnight with wild type males. Mice were sacrificed by cervical dislocation 17 hours after hCG injection, and 1-cell embryos were released from oviducts. Cumulus cells were removed by hyaluronidase (Sigma) treatment and pipetting. Pre-implantation embryos at the two pronuclei stage were recovered, pooled from 3-6 females in M2 media (Chemicon International), followed by immediate cytoplasmic microinjection of gene-specific antisense morpholino oligonucleotides and culture in Human Tubal Fluid with 10% serum supplement (In-Vitro Fertilization, Inc.) microdrops under mineral oil (Sigma) in mixed gas (90% nitrogen, 5% oxygen, 5% carbon dioxide; Praxair) at 37°C, and cultured at ten embryos per 20 μL drop. Uninjected control embryos derived from the same embryo pool, and were placed in identical conditions in parallel, except that they were not injected.
Project description:Landmark events occur in a coordinated manner during pre-implantation development of the mammalian embryo, yet the regulatory network that orchestrates these events remains largely unknown. Here, we present the first systematic investigation of the network in pre-implantation mouse embryos using morpholino-mediated gene knockdowns of key embryonic stem cell (ESC) factors followed by detailed transcriptome analysis of pooled embryos, single embryos, and individual blastomeres. We delineated the regulons of Oct4, Sall4, and Nanog and identified a set of metabolism- and transport-related genes that were controlled by these transcription factors in embryos but not in ESCs. Strikingly, the knockdown embryos arrested at a range of developmental stages. We provided evidence that the DNA methyltransferase Dnmt3b has a role in determining the extent to which a knockdown embryo can develop. We further showed that the feed-forward loop comprising Dnmt3b, the pluripotency factors, and the miR-290-295 cluster exemplifies a network motif that buffers embryos against gene expression noise. Our findings indicate that Oct4, Sall4, and Nanog form a robust and integrated network to govern mammalian pre-implantation development.
Project description:Embryos were injected with antisense Morpholino Oligonucleotides (AMOs) targetting MyoD. The transcriptional profile of these knock down embryos was compared with embryos injected with control morpholino (CMO).
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of Xenopus laevis embryos and ectoderm (animal caps) comparing embryos injected with control morpholino with embryos injected with the morpholino mixture PVD2, which knocks down all three Xenopus PouV proteins. Whole embryos (WE) or animal caps (AC) were collected at late blastula (9) or early gastrula (10) stages from Control and PVD2 morphants. Two conditions: Control vs. PouV morpholino; Two tissues: whole embryos, animal caps .Two timepoints: stage 9 and 10. Biological replicates: 2 control replicates at stage 9 and 10 for whole embryos, 2 control replicates at stage 9 and 10 for animal caps, 2 PVD2 morpholino replicates at stage 9 and 10 for whole embryos, 2 control replicates at stage 9 and 10 for animal caps
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of hdac1 morphant zebrafish embryos in comparison to standard control injected embryos. Embryos where injected at the one cell stage with either a translation blocking morpholino (Hdac1 ATG), splice blocking morpholino (Hdac1 Splice) or Hdac1 mismatch control morpholino (Hdac1 control). RNA was extracted and compared in a two-colour hybridisation to the comman reference Standard control morpholino injected embryos. Common reference experiment, hdac1 morphants vs. standard control morphants. Biological replicates: 2 (except Splice which was technical rather than biological)
Project description:Foxk proteins are transcriptional regulators implicated in key biological processes such as glycolysis, autophagy and cell cycle regulation, among others. Here we employ targeted morpholino knockdown to deplete Foxk1, Fokx2, and Foxk2-1 proteins in developing zebrafish embryos. We demonstrate that the loss of Foxk transcription factors causes genome-wide transcriptional misregulation, characterised by upregulation of autophagy-related genes and downregulation of cell cycle regulators. The phenotype is embryonic lethal with the majority of embryos not surviving past 24hpf.
Project description:To further characterize the roles of cortisol signaling via the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in developing zebrafish, we have used morpholino oligonucleotides to knockdown GR protein translation and measured gene expression in RNA extracted from 24 and 36 hours post fertilization (hpf) embryos. The GR morpholino was characterized previously in Nesan et al., 2012, Endocrinology 181, 35-44) Single-cell zebrafish embryos were microinjected with either active morpholino or mispair control. Embryos were frozen at 24 and 36 hpf and total RNA extracted for microarray analysis. Three independent replicates (different breeding events on separate days) were performed for each treatment per timepoint.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of embryonic zebrafish injected with a control morpholino or a morpholino that causes exclusion of TNNT2 exon 13. Zebrafish embryos were injected with a antisense morpholino oligo that induced missplicing of exon 13 of TNNT2 (TNNT2sp) or a control morpholino. At 96hpf these embryos were euthanized and RNA was collected.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of hdac1 ATG morphant zebrafish embryos in comparison to standard control injected embryos. Embryos where injected at the one cell stage with either a translation blocking morpholino (Hdac1 ATG) or Standard control morpholino (StCo). RNA was extracted at 12, 18 and 27hpf from both sets of embryos and compared with a two-colour hybridisation. Timecourse experiment, hdac1 ATG morphants vs. standard control morphants. Biological replicates: 3