Dataset Information


Activation of the chromatin-remodeling factor Smarca4/Brg1 cooperates with Olig2 to establish oligodendrocyte identity and control CNS myelination [ChIP-seq]

ABSTRACT: We investigate the role of Brg1 and Olig2 during oligodendrocyte differentiation by combining gene conditional knockout and next generation sequencing technology. We generate genome-wide maps of RNA polymerase II (RPolII), Brg1 (Smarca4), Olig2 and histone modifications in primary rat oligodendrocyte precursor cells (iOLs), differentiating oligodendrocytes and mature oligodendrocytes.We found that Brg1 is intensely regulated by RPolII at the initiation of oligodedrocyte differentiation. The genomic distribution of Brg1 in differentiating oligodendrocytes is pre-directed by Olig2 in iOLs. The dynamic interaction of Brg1 and chromatin is correlate with the distinct stages of gene expression during maturation. Finally, we show that Brg1 and Olig2 localization predict critical genes controling CNS myeliantion. Our study represents the first detailed analysis of genomic landscape during the oligodendrocyte development and provides a framework for further understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying oligodendrocyte lineage progression. Genomic distribution of Brg1, Olig2, RPolII and three different histone modifications in three oligodendrocyte developemtal stages were examined using primary cells by ChIP-sequencing. Spinal cord mRNA profiles of 14-day old control and Brg1c/c;Olig1-Cre mice were generated by RNA-sequencing.


ORGANISM(S): Rattus norvegicus  

SUBMITTER: Yang Yu   Ying Chen  Qing R Lu 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-42447 | ArrayExpress | 2013-01-20



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Olig2 targets chromatin remodelers to enhancers to initiate oligodendrocyte differentiation.

Yu Yang Y   Chen Ying Y   Kim Bongwoo B   Wang Haibo H   Zhao Chuntao C   He Xuelian X   Liu Lei L   Liu Wei W   Wu Lai Man N LM   Mao Meng M   Chan Jonah R JR   Wu Jiang J   Lu Q Richard QR  

Cell 20130101 1-2

Establishment of oligodendrocyte identity is crucial for subsequent events of myelination in the CNS. Here, we demonstrate that activation of ATP-dependent SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling enzyme Smarca4/Brg1 at the differentiation onset is necessary and sufficient to initiate and promote oligodendrocyte lineage progression and maturation. Genome-wide multistage studies by ChIP-seq reveal that oligodendrocyte-lineage determination factor Olig2 functions as a prepatterning factor to direct Smarca4/Br  ...[more]

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