Differentially expressed miRNAs in MDA-MB-231 over-expressing GATA3
ABSTRACT: To determine the differentially expressed miRNAs in MDA-MB-231-GATA3 cells vs. MDA-MB-231-Control cells Pooled polyclonal cells from MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells +/- GATA3 over-expression were analyzed for miRNA expression
Project description:MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells were infected with either Ad-GFP, Ad-FLI1, or Ad-PDEF qPCR gene expression profiling of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells were infected with either Ad-GFP, Ad-FLI1, or Ad-PDEF.
Project description:Murine BV2 microglia cells were transfected either with siRNA negative control or siRNA against caspase-3 for 48h. Later on some the of the BV2 transfected cells were co-cultured with C6 glioma cells during 6h. We used the SA Biosciences Mouse Wound Healing PCR Array (PAMM-121Z) to quantitate gene expression of relevant genes related to the wound healing process Glioma cells recruit and exploit microglia, resident immune cells of the brain, for their proliferation and invasion capability. The underlying molecular mechanism used by glioma cells to transform microglia into a tumor-supporting phenotype remains elusive. Here, we report that glioma-induced microglia conversion is coupled to a reduction of basal microglial caspase-3 activity, increased S-nitrosylation of mitochondria-associated caspase-3 through inhibition of thioredoxin-2 activity, and demonstrate that caspase-3 inhibition regulates microglial tumor-supporting function. Further, we identified nitric oxide synthase-2 (NOS2) activity originating from the glioma cells as a driving stimulus in the control of microglial caspase-3 activity. Repression of glioma NOS2 expression in vivo led to reduction in both microglia recruitment and tumor expansion, whereas depletion of the microglial caspase-3 gene promoted tumor growth. This study provides evidence that the inhibition of Trx2-mediated denitrosylation of SNO-procaspase-3 is part of the microglial pro-tumoral activation pathway initiated by glioma cancer cells. qPCR gene expression profiling. Three independent experiments of siControl BV2 monoculture, siCaspase3 BV2 monoculture, siControl BV2 cocultured 6h with C6 glioma cells and siCaspase3 BV2 cocultured 6h with C6 glioma cells. Equal amount total RNA from each culture was used for the gene expression analysis. Please note that the raw data for three independent experiments (prior to averaging the data) is provided in the 'Raw_Data_File_with_the_Ct_values_for_3_indep_experiments.txt'.
Project description:Male Sprague Dawley adult rats were subjected to a cervical hemisection at C2 (C2HS). Costal diaphragm (both ipsilesional and contralesional sides) were assessed under control conditions (sham surgery) and at 1 and 7 days post-C2HS. We used SA Biosciences Rat Skeletal Muscle Development and Disease RT2 Profiler PCR Array to quantitate gene expression of muscle atrophy and regeneration-relevant genes from the uninjured and injured tissues on the indicated sides and at the indicated timepoints post-lesion. qPCR gene expression profiling. Tissue was derived from the costal diaphragm from control animals, and from contralesional and ipsilesional sides at days 1 and 7 post-lesion. RNA was extracted from flash-frozen tissue (TRIzol reagent) and quantitated via spectrophotometry. Equal amount total RNA from each donor was pooled prior to gene expression analysis. N=3 or 4 rats per condition. Four genes in the array study appeared to undergo unphysiologic increases in expression following SCI: Mmp9, Leptin, activin A and alpha actinin. For these genes, expression levels in control tissue were detectable but extremely low, thus fold-increases following SCI are numerically exaggerated. Therefore, we cannot explicitly comment on the physiologic scale of this response
Project description:The Wnt/beta-catenin signalling pathway plays a central role in mammary stem cell homeostasis and in breast cancer. We employed the CD29hiCD24+ cell surface antigens to identify a subpopulation of mammary CSCs from Apc1572T/+, a mouse model for metaplastic breast adenocarcinoma, a subtype of triple-negative breast cancer in man. The MaCSCs are capable of recapitulating tumorigenesis when transplanted at low multiplicities in vivo, and of forming self-renewing organoids in vitro. Expression profiling of the different subpopulations sorted from normal and neoplastic mammary tissues revealed that the normal stem cell compartment is more similar to tumor cells than to their own differentiated progenies. Accordingly, Wnt signaling was found to be activated in the subpopulation encompassing normal mammary stem cells, though to a lesser degree than in the tumor cells. By comparing normal with cancer mouse mammary compartments, we were able to derive a MaCSC-specific signature composed of human orthologous genes able to predict poor survival, relapse and distant metastasis in human breast cancer. Finally, upon intravenous injection, only MaCSCs among the different tumor cell subpopulations are able to form metastatic lesions in a broad spectrum of anatomical sites. Overall, our data indicate that constitutive Wnt signaling activation interferes with mammary stem cell homeostasis leading to metaplasia and basal-like adenocarcinomas. The objective was to compare the: i) expression profiles between normal adult mammary stem cells and tumor cancer stem cells identified by Lin-CD29hiCD24+; ii) expression profile between adult stem cells and their differentiated counterparts both in normal and in tumor tissue to generate a cancer stem cell signature that can be used to compare with mammary human tumor expression data to predict survival and prognosis. To this aim five independent mammary adenocarcinomas from C57BL6/J Apc+/1572T mice and three independently isolated pools of mammary glands from C57BL6/J Apc+/+ mice were employed to sort 10,000 cells of each of the following populations: Lin-, Lin-CD29+CD24+ and Lin-CD29hiCD24+.
Project description:Normal fibroblasts and SSc fibroblasts between the third and six subpassages were used for experiments. Normal and scleroderma fibroblasts were serum-starved for 24 hours and incubated in the presence or absence of TGF-β1 (2ng/ml) for 6 hours. Total RNA was extracted from culture cells with ISOGEN (Nippon Gene, Tokyo, Japan). MicroRNA isolation from total RNA was performed using RT2 qPCR-Grade miRNA Isolation Kit (SA Bioscience). For RT2 Profiler PCR Array (SABioscience), microRNAs were reverse-transcribed into first strand cDNA using RT2 miRNA First Strand Kit (SABiosciences). A mixture of equal amounts of cDNAs from 5 normal fibroblasts or 5 SSc fibroblasts was prepared. The cDNA was mixed with RT2 SYBR Green/ROX qPCR Master Mix and the mixture was added into a 96-well RT2 miRNA PCR Array (SABiosciences) that included primer pairs for 88 human microRNAs. Human dermal fibroblasts were obtained by skin biopsy from the affected areas (dorsal forearm) of 5 patients with diffuse cutaneous SSc and <2 years of skin thickening. Control fibroblasts were obtained by skin biopsies from 5 healthy donors. Control donors were each matched with a SSc patient for age, sex, and biopsy site.
Project description:We examined the effect of IL-17 signaling pathway on extracellular matrix (ECM) expression and the involvement of IL-17 signaling pathway in pathogenesis of SSc. To identify differences in the expression pattern of ECM genes in IL-17A- or IL-17F-treated cells, we performed PCR array analysis, consisting of 84 ECM-related genes. Normal human dermal fibroblasts were cultured until they were confluent, and then stimulated with IL-17A or IL-17F for 12 hours, and total RNA was extracted. A mixture of equal amounts of mRNAs from three normal fibroblasts was prepared in the presence or absence of IL-17A or -17F, and mRNA expression profile was evaluated using PCR Array. Normal fibroblasts were obtained by skin biopsies from 3 healthy donors. Fibroblasts from donors were used and treated separately as indicated in the summary. Equal amount total RNA from each donor was pooled prior to gene expression analysis.
Project description:Murine macrophages were isolated from the lungs of mice given a pulmonary challenge with C. neoformans strain H99. Mice were either given a protective (H99γ) or a mock (HKCn) immunization prior to C. neoformans H99 challenge, and macrophages were isolated from the lungs of mice 24 hours, 3 days, or 7 days post-challenge using anti-CD11b microbeads according to the Miltenyi cell sorting system. We used SA Biosciences Toll-like Receptor PCR assay panel to quantitate gene expression of signal transduction factors in total RNA isolated from macrophages derived from immunized mice compared to non-immunized. qPCR gene expression profiling. Macrophages from 5 mice per group were pooled and assayed as indicated in the summary. Each experiment was performed 3 times and the resulting Ct values of each group from each experiment averaged prior to data analysis. TIme points were analyzed separately
Project description:Compared to the Scramble U87 cells, MMP14 ablation induces G2M arrest SABioscience Cell cycle platform, human genes. U87 cells were infected separately with eithr lentivirus carry on Scramble or sh RNA against human MMP14 gene.Equla amount of mRNA was isolated prior RT-PCR analyses
Project description:The interaction of natural killer (NK) cells with dendritic cells (DC) results in reciprocal cell activation through the interaction of membrane proteins and the release of soluble factors. Here we report that in NK-DC cocultures, among a set of 84 cytokines investigated, activin A was the second highest induced gene, with CXCL8 being the most upregulated one. Activin A is a member of the TGF-β superfamily and was previously shown to possess both pro- and antiinflammatory activities. In NK-DC cocultures, the induction of activin A required cell contact and was dependent on the presence of proinflammatory cytokines (i.e. IFN-γ, TNF-α and GM-CSF) as well as on NK cell-mediated DC killing. CD1+ DC were the main activin A producer cells among myeloid blood DC subsets. In NK-DC cocultures, inhibition of acitivn A by follistatin, a natural inhibitory protein, or by a specific blocking antibody, resulted in the upregulation of proinflammatory cytokine release (i.e. IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α) by DC and in the increase of DC maturation. In conclusion, our study reports that activin A, produced during NK-DC interactions, represents a relevant negative feedback mechanism that might function to prevent excessive immune activation by DC. Human CD14 positive monocytes were differentiated to DC in vitro in the presence of IL-4 (20 ng/ml) and GM-CSF (50 ng/ml) for 6 days. Immature DC were then cocultured with allogeneic IL-15-activated NK cells (at 1:1 NK:DC ratio) for 0, 2 and 6 hrs. RNA was obtained from three independent coculture experiments. Equal amount of total RNA from each experiment was pooled prior to gene expression analysis. The gene expression of common cytokines was quantified using an RT2 Profiler PCR Array (Qiagen).