Genomics

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3

IMPACT OF CARDIOMYOCYTE-SPECIFIC BMAL1 DELETION ON MYOCARDIAL GENE EXPRESSION, METABOLISM, AND CONTRACTILE FUNCTION


ABSTRACT: Circadian clocks are cell autonomous, transcriptionally-based, molecular mechanisms that confer the selective advantage of anticipation, enabling cells/organs to respond to environmental factors in a temporally appropriate manner. Critical to circadian clock function are two transcription factors, CLOCK and BMAL1. Previous studies in our laboratory have highlighted roles for CLOCK in cardiac physiology/pathophysiology. Here, we describe transcriptional, metabolic, and functional consequences of cardiomyocyte-specific Bmal1 knockout (CBK). Microarray analysis revealed 2037 differentially expressed genes in CBK hearts, many of which were previously identified in cardiomyocyte-specific Clock mutant (CCM) hearts. Subsequent analysis showed that Beta-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase 1 mRNA, protein, and enzymatic activity are markedly depressed in both CBK and CCM hearts, as is myocardial Beta-hydroxybutyrate oxidation, revealing a novel role for the circadian clock in ketone body utilization. A number of genes encoding for collagen isoforms were identified as oscillating in a time-of-day-dependent manner in wild-type, but not CBK, hearts, including col3a1, col4a1, and col4a2. Chronic induction of collagen isoform genes in CBK hearts was associated with severe age-dependent depression of cardiac function. Development of cardiomyopathy in CBK mice was associated with early mortality; all CBK mice die by one year of age. These studies highlight novel critical functions for BMAL1 in the heart, including regulation of ketone body metabolism and the extracellular matrix. RNA from whole hearts collected every 3 hours for 24 hours from wildtype and CBK mice was isolated and analyzed using MouseRef-8_V2 BeadChips (Illumina, Inc.). The 24-hour data were examined for rhythmicity using cosinor analysis and differences in rhythmicity between genotype groups were further examined for differences in the model fitting parameters.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Molly Bray   Billy-Joe Ammons  Betty M Pat  William F Ratcliffe  Molly S Bray  Rachel A Brewer  Tana L Birky  Maximiliano H Grenett  Rodrigo A Garcia  Bradley W Peden  Martin E Young 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-43073 | ArrayExpress | 2014-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE43073PRJNA184344

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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E-GEOD-43073.additional.1.zip Other
E-GEOD-43073.idf.txt Idf
E-GEOD-43073.processed.1.zip Processed
E-GEOD-43073.sdrf.txt Txt
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