Genomics

Dataset Information

300

Epigenetic conservation at gene regulatory elements revealed by non-methylated DNA profiling in seven vertebrates


ABSTRACT: Two-thirds of gene promoters in mammals are associated with regions of non-methylated DNA, called CpG islands (CGIs), which counteract the repressive effects of DNA methylation. In lower vertebrates, computational CGI predictions often reside away from gene promoters, suggesting a major divergence in gene promoter architecture across vertebrates. By experimentally identifying non-methylated DNA in the genomes of seven diverse vertebrates, we instead reveal that non-methylated islands (NMIs) of DNA are a central feature of vertebrate gene promoters. Furthermore, NMIs are present at orthologous genes across vast evolutionary distances, revealing a surprising level of conservation in this epigenetic feature. By profiling NMIs in different tissues and developmental stages we uncover a unifying set of features that are central to the function of NMIs in vertebrates. Together these findings demonstrate an ancient logic for NMI usage at gene promoters and reveal an unprecedented level of epigenetic conservation across vertebrate evolution. Bio-CAP was used to identify non-methylated regions of the genome in seven diverse vertebrates (human, mouse, platypus, chicken, lizard, frog and zebrafish) across a number of tissues.

SUBMITTER: Robert J Klose   Chris P Ponting  Hannah K Long  David Sims 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-43512 | ArrayExpress | 2013-01-22

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE43512SRP017952PRJNA186672

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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