Dataset Information


Co-ordinate inhibition of autism candidate genes by topoisomerase inhibitors [Seq]

ABSTRACT: Topoisomerases are necessary for the expression of neurodevelopmental genes, and are mutated in some patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We have studied the effects of inhibitors of Topoisomerase 1 (Top1) and Topoisomerase 2 (Top2) enzymes on mouse cortical neurons. We find that topoisomerases selectively inhibit long genes (>100kb), with little effect on all other gene expression. Using ChIPseq against RNA Polymerase II (Pol2) we show that the Top1 inhibitor topotecan blocks transcriptional elongation of long genes specifically. Many of the genes inhibited by topotecan are candidate ASD genes, leading us to propose that topoisomerase inhibition might contribute to ASD pathology. [Mouse] 5 biological replicates of transcriptome sequencing (RNAseq) from topotecan treated neurons and vehicle treated controls; Pol2 ChIPseq of topotecan and vehicle treated neurons [Human] Transcriptome sequencing (RNAseq) from topotecan treated neurons and vehicle treated control.

ORGANISM(S): Musculus  

SUBMITTER: Chandri Yandava   Ian F King 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-43526 | ArrayExpress | 2013-08-30



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Topoisomerases are expressed throughout the developing and adult brain and are mutated in some individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, how topoisomerases are mechanistically connected to ASD is unknown. Here we find that topotecan, a topoisomerase 1 (TOP1) inhibitor, dose-dependently reduces the expression of extremely long genes in mouse and human neurons, including nearly all genes that are longer than 200 kilobases. Expression of long genes is also reduced after knockdown of  ...[more]

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