Dataset Information


Transcriptome of mouse pluripotent embryonic stem cells (mESC) cultured in R2i, 2i, PD and SB conditions

ABSTRACT: In this study we have analyzed the global gene expression of naïve mouse embryonic stem cells in different culture conditions including R2i (PD0325901+SB431542), 2i (PD0325901+CHIR99021), and also PD0325901+LIF and SB431542+LIF to show the similarities and differences between the conditions in maintaining pluripotency. Since the first generation of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells, extrinsic regulation of pluripotency has been at the focus of attention. Here we show that suppression of transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) signaling could have impressive effects on self-renewal and pluripotency of mouse ES cells. We introduce a chemically defined medium with inhibitors of TGFβ and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) kinase, designated here as R2i (Royan 2 inhibitors), for highly efficient establishment of ES cell lines from various mouse strains. R2i also supports homogenous expression of Nanog and Dppa3 proteins in ES cells and shows minimal differentiation leakage. Our results uncover an appropriate condition for ES cell generation from single blastomeres of various cleavage-stage embryos. Further, the high accuracy of genome integrity after long-term cultivation in R2i illustrates an optimal condition for ES cell culture. Global transcriptomic analysis of R2i cells demonstrates that bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) signaling becomes overrepresented pursuant to TGFβ repression, which may confer further robustness to pluripotency through shielding cells from differentiation stimuli. These findings point to a new facet of ground state pluripotency by blocking differentiation pathways, without influencing the pluripotency regulatory circuitry of mouse ES cells. Whole gene expression study of 4 different mouse embryonic stem cell lines maintained under 4 different chemically defined conditions: R2i, 2i, PD and SB

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Azam Samadian   Hossein Baharvand  Hans Schoeler  Mehdi Sadeghi  Hamid Gourabi  Sayedeh N Hassani  Shahab Mirshahvaladi  Najmesadat Masoudi  Boris Greber  Ghasem H Salekdeh  Ali Farrokhi  Sepideh Mollamohammadi  Mohammad Pakzad  Ali Sharifi-Zarchi  Sharif Moradi  Mehdi Totonchi  Marcos J Araúzo-Bravo  Davood Sabour 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-43682 | ArrayExpress | 2013-10-21



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Embryonic stem (ES) cells are considered to exist in a ground state if shielded from differentiation triggers. Here we show that FGF4 and TGFβ signaling pathway inhibitors, designated R2i, not only provide the ground state pluripotency in production and maintenance of naïve ES cells from blastocysts of different mouse strains, but also maintain ES cells with higher genomic integrity following long-term cultivation compared with the chemical inhibition of the FGF4 and GSK3 pathways, known as 2i.  ...[more]

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