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The differentiation stage of p53- and Rb-deficient bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells imposes the phenotype of in vivo sarcoma development (part I)

ABSTRACT: We have previously reported that the deficiency of p53 alone or in combination with Rb (Rb-/- p53-/-) in adipose-derived MSCs (ASCs) promotes leiomyosarcoma-like tumors in vivo. Here, we hypothesized that the source of MSCs and/or the cell differentiation stage could determine the phenotype of sarcoma development. To investigate whether there is a link between the source of MSCs and sarcoma phenotype, we generated p53-/- and Rb-/-p53-/- MSCs from bone marrow (BM-MSCs). Both genotypes of BM-MSCs initiated leiomyosarcoma formation similar to p53-/- and Rb-/-p53-/- ASCs. In addition, gene expression profiling revealed a link between p53- or Rb-p53-deficient BM-MSCs and ASCs and muscle-associated sarcomagenesis. These data suggest that the tissue source of MSC does not seem a crucial factor in the development of a particular sarcoma phenotype. To analyze whether the differentiation stage defines the sarcoma phenotype, BM-MSCs and ASCs were induced to differentiate towards the osteogenic lineage, and both p53 and Rb were excised using Cre-expressing adenovectors at different stages along osteogenic differentiation. Regardless of the level of osteogenic commitment, the inactivation of Rb and p53 in BM-MSC-derived, but not in ASC-derived, osteogenic progenitors gave rise to osteosarcoma-like tumors which could be serially transplanted. This indicates that the osteogenic differentiation stage of BM-MSCs imposes the phenotype of in vivo sarcoma development, and that BM-MSC-derived osteogenic progenitors rather than undifferentiated BM-MSCs, undifferentiated ASCs or ASC-derived osteogenic progenitors, represent the cell of origin for osteosarcoma development. BM-MSC and ASC cultures were established from 3 mouse strains: (a) WT, (b) p53loxP/loxP and (c) p53loxP/loxP RbloxP/loxP. The corresponding mutant cells were generated by excision of the LoxP-flanked sequences by infection of all MSC cultures with adenoviral vectors expressing the Cre-recombinase gene (Ad-CMV-Cre). NSG mice were inoculated subcutaneously with 5×10^6 mutant cells. Animals were killed when tumors reached 1 cm3 or 150 days after infusion. Some of the obtained tumors were mechanically disaggregated to establish ex vivo MSC-transformed cell lines. Gene expression analysis was performed using BM-MSCs and ASCs from all genotypes, as well as tumor cell lines derived from p53-/- and p53-/-Rb-/- BM-MSC and ASC cultures.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Pablo Menendez   Rene Rodriguez  Ruth Rubio  Alberto Labarga 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-43781 | ArrayExpress | 2013-01-27



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