Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

66

Co-ordinate inhibiton of autism candidate genes by topoisomerase inhibitors [array]


ABSTRACT: Topoisomerases are necessary for the expression of neurodevelopmental genes, and are mutated in some patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We have studied the effects of inhibitors of Topoisomerase 1 (Top1) and Topoisomerase 2 (Top2) enzymes on mouse cortical neurons. We find that topoisomerases selectively inhibit long genes (>100kb), with little effect on all other gene expression. Using ChIPseq against RNA Polymerase II (Pol2) we show that the Top1 inhibitor topotecan blocks transcriptional elongation of long genes specifically. Many of the genes inhibited by topotecan are candidate ASD genes, leading us to propose that topoisomerase inhibition might contribute to ASD pathology. 9 experiments, gene expression measured by Affymetrix microarray. 1) cultured mouse cortical neurons treated with 300nM topotecan vs vehicle-treated controls 2) cultured mouse neurons treated with 1uM topotecan vs vehicle-treated controls 3) cultured mouse cortical neurons treated with 3uM ICRF-193 vs vehicle-treated controls. 4) cultured mouse cortical neurons treated with 10 uM irinotecan vs vehicle-treated controls. 5) cultured mouse cortical neurons treated with 3-1000 nM topotecan vs vehicle treated controls 6) cultured mouse cortical neurons treated with lentivirus expressing shRNA against Top1 and Top2b vs scrambled shRNA controls 7) cultured mouse cortical neurons treated with DRB vs vehicle-treated controls 8) cultured mouse cortical neurons treated with hydrogen peroxide or paraquat vs vehicle-treated controls 9) cultured mouse cortical neurons treated with topotecan with or without subsequent drug washout, vs vehicle-treated controls.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Chandri Yandava   Ian F King 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-43899 | ArrayExpress | 2013-08-30

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE43899PRJNA188087

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications


Topoisomerases are expressed throughout the developing and adult brain and are mutated in some individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, how topoisomerases are mechanistically connected to ASD is unknown. Here we find that topotecan, a topoisomerase 1 (TOP1) inhibitor, dose-dependently reduces the expression of extremely long genes in mouse and human neurons, including nearly all genes that are longer than 200 kilobases. Expression of long genes is also reduced after knockdown of  ...[more]

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