Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

6

Transcriptome Profiling of Hippocampal CA1 After Early Life Seizure-Induced Preconditioning May Elucidate New Genetic Therapies for Epilepsy


ABSTRACT: Injury of the CA1 subregion induced by a single injection of kainic acid (1×KA) is attenuated when juvenile animals (P20) have a history of two sustained neonatal seizures on P6 and P9. To identify gene candidates involved in the spatially protective effects produced by early life conditioning seizures, we profiled and compared the transcriptomes of CA1 subregions from control, 1×KA, and 3×KA treated animals. More genes were regulated following 3×KA (9.6%) than after 1×KA (7.1%). Following 1×KA, genes supporting oxidative stress, growth, development, inflammation, and neurotransmission were upregulated (e.g., Cacng1, Nadsyn1, Kcng1, Aven, S100a4, GFAP, Vim, Hrsp12, Grik1). After 3×KA, protective genes were differentially over-expressed (e.g., Cat, Gpx7, GAD1, Hspa12A, Foxn1, adenosine A1 receptor, Ca2+ adaptor and homeostatic proteins, Cacnb4, Atp2b2, anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 gene members, intracellular trafficking protein, Grasp, suppressor of cytokine signaling (Socs3)). Distinct anti-inflammatory interleukins not observed in adult tissues (e.g., IL6 transducer, IL23 and IL33 or their receptors (ILF2)) were also over-expressed. Several transcripts were validated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (QPCR) and immunohistochemistry. QPCR showed that casp 6 was increased after 1×KA but reduced after 3×KA; pro-inflammatory gene cox1 was either upregulated or unchanged after 1×KA but reduced by ~70% after 3×KA. Enhanced GFAP immunostaining following 1×KA was selectively attenuated in the CA1 subregion after 3×KA. The observed differential transcriptional responses may contribute to early life seizure-induced pre-conditioning and neuroprotection by reducing glutamate receptor-mediated Ca2+ permeability of the hippocampus and redirecting inflammatory and apoptotic pathways which could lead to new genetic therapies for epilepsy. The transcriptomes of the hippocampal CA1 region of Sprague Dawley 23-day-old male rats after 1 or 3 seizures induced by kainic acid injection were compared to the corresponding controls (injected with PBS) using Duke 27k oligonucleotide arrays.

ORGANISM(S): Rattus norvegicus  

SUBMITTER: Ayan Patel   Joerg Leheste  Julian Botta  Linda K Friedman  Dumitru Andrei Iacobas  Sanda Iacobas  Vinay Kudur  Joey Mancuso  David C Spray  Dumitru A Iacobas 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-44031 | ArrayExpress | 2013-02-14

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE44031PRJNA189420

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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